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The journal International Shipbuilding Progress (ISP) was founded in 1954. Each year two issues appear (in March and September). Publications submitted to ISP should describe scientific work of high international standards, advancing subjects related to the field of Marine Technology, such as:
- Concept development
- General design of ships and offshore objects
- Ship and offshore structural design
- Hydro-mechanics and -dynamics
- Maritime engineering and machinery systems
- Production processes of all types of ships and other objects intended for marine use
- Production technology and material science
- Shipping science, economics, and all directly related subjects
- Ship operations
- Offshore and ocean engineering in relation to the marine environment
- Marine safety
- Efficiency, lifecycle, and environment
- Ice-related aspects for ships and offshore objects.
The contents of the papers may be of a fundamental or of an applied scientific nature and must be of the highest novelty and rigor.
Authors: Korvin-Kroukovsky, B.V.
Article Type: Research Article
Abstract: The present paper is the second of a series dealing with the calculation of the wake fraction and thrust deduction behind a body having a stern propeller. It is divided into two parts. In Part I the derivation of expressions for the fluid velocities in the propeller inflow are given together with tables and curves of the velocities computed from these expressions. In Part II, the potential flow about the stern of a streamline body of revolution (U.S. Airship Akron ) is determined by means of a source-sink distribution, and the resultant surface pressures are compared with published experimental data. …A hypothetical propeller installation is then specified, and the effect of the propeller inflow on the sink distribution, and the resultant propeller wake fraction and thrust deduction are computed using calculated data for the potential flow, and using published boundary-layer data for the frictional part of the wake fraction. The “nominal” and “effective” wake fractions are compared partly quantitatively and partly qualitatively. The effect of the propeller inflow on the sink distribution representing the body and on the potential wake fraction induced by this distribution is shown to be negligible. The predominating items of difference between the nominal and potential wake fractions appear to stem from the errors inherent in conventional computational and experimental practices, and in the case of an axisymmetric body, these can easily be accounted for. The signs of these errors are such as to cause good correlation between the values of the two wake fractions and to make both of them somewhat lower than the true wake fraction. The potential wake fraction is found to be 13%, the total wake fraction 28%, and the thrust deduction coefficient 17%. Trial computations made with assumed resistances of 50% and 150% of the normal model resistance, and with the boundary-layer thickness correspondingly adjusted, indicate that the thrust deduction is sensibly independent of resistance and of boundary-layer thickness. It is demonstrated that, by far, the largest part of the thrust deduction comes from parts of the hull in close proximity to the propeller. For instance, about 75% of the thrust deduction is found to be generated within a radius equal to less than three propeller radii from the propeller center. The present report, dealing with axisymmetric flow, is considered as an introduction to the subsequent work which will deal with the propeller of a normal ship (Victory), including the broader aspects of circumferential nonuniformity of thrust distribution. The study was conducted at the Experimental Towing Tank, Stevens Institute of Technology, under Office of Naval Research Contract No. N6onr-24705, sponsored by the Bureau of Ships under Project No. NS715-102, and technically administered by the Director, David Taylor Model Basin. Show more
Citation: International Shipbuilding Progress, vol. 3, no. 17, pp. 3-24, 1956
Article Type: Research Article
Abstract: The effect is investigated of progressively increasing the complexity of gas turbine engines for naval application. The bases of comparison are:— the weight and bulk of the plant plus the fuel for a given operating schedule, plant layout in a typical ship, and size of deck openings. The weights and sizes of each of the four basic power plants considered are estimated from detailed design studies. Each complete power plant consists of a cruising and a boosting engine, and where possible, the engine components form in-line arrangements. An operating schedule of the ship is taken typical of medium sized …naval vessels. It is concluded that, of the plants considered, the double-compound intercooled plant with heat exchange used on the cruising engine, yields the least value of (plant plus fuel) weight, and size of deck openings. The single-compressor-engined plant gives the shortest machinery length, though this plant is among the worst as regards overall bulk and size of deck openings. Of the double-compound-engined plants considered, that without intercooling and heat exchange is the worst as regards total weight, bulk and size of deck openings. Show more
Citation: International Shipbuilding Progress, vol. 3, no. 17, pp. 25-36, 1956
Authors: Jasper, Norman H.
Article Type: Research Article
Abstract: The problem of resonant whirling of propeller-shaft systems is discussed with special emphasis on those factors determining the critical speeds. Several methods for computing the natural whirling frequencies of propeller-shaft systems are presented and discussed. Among these methods are approximate formulas for the fundamental natural whirling frequency which are suitable for direct application by the shaft designer. Computed and experimentally determined natural frequencies are compared. The possible forced whirling motions due to hydrodynamic forces acting on the propeller are discussed.
Citation: International Shipbuilding Progress, vol. 3, no. 17, pp. 37-60, 1956
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