Authors: Zhang, Xuan | Ma, Li | Liang, Danqi | Song, Bingxin | Chen, Jingshan | Huang, Yaqin | Xu, Lin | Zhao, Peng | Wu, Wei | Zhang, Nan | Xue, Rong
Background: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is increasingly recognized as a manifestation preceding the α-synucleinopathies like Parkinson’s disease (PD). Neurofilament light chain (NfL) have been reported to be higher in synucleinopathies as a sign of neurodegeneration. Objective: To evaluate whether plasma NfL is valuable in reflecting cognitive and motor status in iRBD and PD with a premorbid history of RBD (PDRBD), and predicting disease progression in iRBD. Methods: Thirty-one patients with iRBD, 30 with PDRBD, and 18 healthy controls were included in the cross-sectional and prospective study. Another cohort from the Parkinson’s Progression
…Markers Initiative (PPMI) dataset was enrolled for verification analysis. All patients received evaluations of cognitive, motor, and autonomic function by a battery of clinical tests at baseline and follow-up. Blood NfL was measured by the Quanterix Simoa HD-1. Results: In our cohort, 26 patients with iRBD completed the follow-up evaluations, among whom eight (30.8%) patients displayed phenoconversion. Baseline plasma NfL cutoff value of 22.93 pg/mL performed best in distinguishing the iRBD converters from non-converters (sensitivity: 75.0%, specificity: 83.3%, area under the curve: 0.84). Cognitive and motor function were significantly correlated with NfL levels in PDRBD (correlation coefficients: –0.379, 0.399; respectively). Higher baseline NfL levels in iRBD were significantly associated with higher risks for cognitive, motor, autonomic function progression, and phenoconversion at follow-up (hazard ratios: 1.069, 1.065, 1.170, 1.065; respectively). The findings were supported by the PPMI dataset. Conclusion: Plasma NfL is valuable in reflecting disease severity of PDRBD and predicting disease progression and phenoconversion in iRBD.
Keywords: Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder, Parkinson’s disease, plasma neurofilament light, single molecule array (Simoa) technique, disease progression
Citation: Journal of Parkinson's Disease,
vol. Pre-press, no. Pre-press, pp. 1-15, 2023