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Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
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Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Flap hypoperfusion or ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) may occur during preparation-transposition procedures and by postoperative thrombotic complications. Behind the microcirculatory disturbances micro-rheological alterations are also supposed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the groin flap I/R with following-up micro-rheological parameters. METHODS: Anesthetized rats were subjected to Control or I/R groups. Groin flaps were prepared bilaterally, pedicled on the superficial epigastric vessels. In Control group the flaps were re-sutured after one hour, while in I/R group microvascular clips were applied on the pedicles for 60 minutes, then the flaps were repositioned. Besides daily wound control, before the operation…and on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th postoperative days blood samples were collected for testing red blood cell (RBC) deformability (rotational ektacytometry) and aggregation (light-transmission aggregometry). RESULTS: RBC deformability significantly worsened by the 3rd–7th postoperative day in I/R group. RBC aggregation enhanced significantly by the 1st day, in I/R group it remained elevated on the 3rd day as well. In a complicated case with unilateral flap necrosis, RBC deformability and aggregation worsening was outlined from its group (base, 1st, 3rd day). CONCLUSION: Wound healing affected micro-rheological parameters in the early postoperative period. Flap I/R exacerbated the alterations. The parameters markedly worsened in case of flap necrosis.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal perfusion (EP) is moving into focus of research in reconstructive and transplantation medicine for the preservation of amputates and free tissue transplants. The idea behind EP is the reduction of ischemia-related cell damage between separation from blood circulation and reanastomosis of the transplant. Most experimental approaches are based on a complex system that moves the perfusate in a circular course. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate if a simple perfusion by an infusion bag filled with an electrolyte solution can provide acceptable results in terms of flow stability, oxygen supply and…viability conservation for EP of a muscle transplant. The results are compared to muscles perfused with a pump system as well as muscles stored under ischemic conditions with a one-time intravasal flushing with Jonosteril. RESULTS: With this simple method a sufficient oxygen supply could be achieved and functionality could be maintained between 3.35 times and 4.60 times longer compared to the control group. Annexin V positive nuclei, indicating apoptosis, increased by 9.7% in the perfused group compared to 24.4% in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, by decreasing the complexity of the system, EP by one-way infusion can become more feasible in clinical situations.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate structural and functional features of cutaneous microvasculature in men of working age with newly diagnosed arterial hypertension (AH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 161 apparently healthy men from 30 to 60 years, who underwent a comprehensive examination of cardiovascular system “from the heart to the capillaries”. Control group (CG) included 60 normotensive men. AH group included 101 men with elevated BP. RESULTS: There is no rarefaction of the capillary bed and latent fluid retention in the interstitial space in the skin in men with AH. No data were obtained for increased endothelial,…neurogenic and myogenic tone of resistive cutaneous precapillary arterioles in AH group, but a decrease in the perfusion efficiency of the endothelial and myogenic mechanisms of tissue perfusion modulation was noted. CONCLUSION: Obtained results allow making the assumption that metabolic disorders at the level of capillaries that are of a systemic nature prevail in men with the onset of AH.
Keywords: Arterial hypertension, microcirculation, capillaroscopy, laser Doppler flowmetry, arteriole tone
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Early detection and treatment of vascular complications in replanted digits is essential for the survival. The perfusion index (PI) represents a marker of peripheral perfusion as it shows the ratio of pulsatile to non-pulsatile blood flow. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and applicability of the PI as a monitoring tool for free flaps and replanted digits by measuring the inter- and intraindividual changes in PI. METHODS: Five patients were postoperatively monitored according to intern standards by hourly clinical evaluation. Additionally, a pulse oximeter with SET-technology® (Masimo Radial 7, Masimo Corporation, Irvine, USA) was added with…a LNCS® Red TFA-1 SpO2 sensor (Masimo Corporation, Irvine, USA) and respectively a LNCS® Neo-3 neonatal finger clip to evaluate the perfusion via PI and SpO2. RESULTS: All patients showed sufficient perfusion in clinical controls. There was no detectable vascular complication during follow-up. Mean perfusion index was 0.93 with a median of 0.44. The patients showed a mean SpO2 of 90.59%with a median of 89.21%. CONCLUSION: Our results show a great intra- and interindividual range of PI and SpO2. SpO2 provided an even greater range than PI. Trends in intraindividual PI changes may be a promising monitoring tool for free flaps and replanted digits.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Assessment of platelet function is important in the management of patients who are subject to operation as well as at potential risk of hemorrhagic complications. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a new platelet assays (Anysis-Epinephrine, Anysis-ADP) and to compare them with PFA-200 in cardiology visiting patients and inpatients. METHODS: Citrated blood samples were collected from 184 patients for ADP test and 163 patients for EPI test, who visited Korea University Guro Hospital with written consent. The PFA-200 assay gives a test result the closure time (CT) until the blood flow rate decreases to 10%of…the initial value, whereas Anysis-200 assay does a blood flow migration distance (MD) until blood flow completely stops. According to the results of PFA closure time (CT), the tested samples were classified as either negative control or positive group. The measurements were simultaneously conducted with two devices and compared. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of Anysis-200 C/EPI kit in comparison to PFA-200 C/EPI kit was 87.5%and 85.7%, respectively. Regarding C/ADP kit, the sensitivity and specificity of Anysis-200 was 96.9%and 87.5%, respectively. In addition, the sums of sensitivity and specificity are greater than 150%for both of EPI and ADP. Also, it was found that likelihood ratio and odd ratio for each assay provide useful additional information. Since the Cohen’s kappa coefficients value between the two devices was relatively high, the equivalence between the two devices was confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: Anysis-200, a novel platelet function analyzer has showed excellent agreements with PFA-200 with high agreement rates and precision. Anysis-200 assay would be useful in assessing bleeding risk management as well as abnormal platelet reactivity at point of care.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is an entity of classic Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), characterized by thrombocytosis with megakaryocytic hyperplasia where in the thrombocytes are increased with abnormal function. Thrombotic events are seen frequently and represent the main cause of morbidity and mortalityin patients with MPNs, mainly polycythemia vera and ET. This study has aimed to research the effects of clonally increased thrombocytes on plasma viscosity (PV) levels among patients with ET and the relationship between PV and thromboembolism history, according to the hypotheses about the effects of PV in thromboembolic events among patients with ET. METHODS: A…total of 55 patients were enrolled in the study group, 18 of who had been newly diagnosed with ET according to 2016 World Health Organization criteria and had not previously been treated. 37 of them had already been diagnosed with ET and had been treated. There were 47 healthy volunteers in the control group. 5 cc blood samples were taken from the patients into tubes including an anticoagulant to measure their PV levels. RESULTS: PV of the control group was found to be lower than in the study group and both each patient groups (p < 0.05). No relationship was found between the patient groups in terms of PV (p = 0.404). The mean PV levels of the 16 patients with a history of thromboembolism and the 39 patients with no such history were 2.42±0.17 cP and 2.33±0.20 cP, respectively. The mean PV levels were found to be similar according to their history of thromboembolism in all patient groups and in treated patients (p = 0.572 vs p = 0.991). CONCLUSION: We have found that PV levels were increased in clonally increased thrombocytes in patients with ET when compared with the control group. This is the first study in this field according to our knowledge.
Abstract: AIM: Preoperative suspicion of malignancy in nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) is mostly based on tumor size. We retrospectively analyzed the contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features of a series of histopathologically proved nonfunctioning pNETs. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 37 surgery and histologically proved nonfunctioning pNETs were included. All pNETs lesions were incidentally detected by transabdominal ultrasound. B mode ultrasound (BMUS) and CEUS features were reviewed and analyzed. 52 histopathologically proved pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDACs) lesions were included as a control group. RESULTS: All nonfunctioning pNETs patients showed no typical clinical symptoms. No significant differences were…observed in size, echogenicity or internal color flow imaging signal between pNETs and PDAC patients (P > 0.05). Most of nonfunctioning pNETs showed a well-defined tumor margin. The presence of pancreatic duct dilatation was less frequently observed in nonfunctioning pNETs patients (P < 0.05). After injection of ultrasound contrast agents, homogeneous enhancement was more commonly observed in nonfunctioning pNETs group (P < 0.05). During arterial phase of CEUS, most of nonfunctioning pNETs were hyper- or isoenhanced (32/37, 86.5%), whereas most of PDACs were hypoenhanced (34/52, 65.4%) (P < 0.05). Nonenhanced necrosis area was more commonly detected in PDACs (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS features are helpful for preoperative non-invasive differential diagnosis of nonfunctioning pNETs, assisting further clinical decision-making process.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) abolishes the antithrombotic effect of Clopidogrel. Here, we investigated the synergistic effect of Silibinin on Clopidogrel-mediated atherosclerosis treatment in diabetic mice. METHODS: ApoE–/– mice were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) to establish the atherosclerotic model with diabetes. Animals were treated with Clopidogrel, Silibinin, or the combined to evaluate the protective effects on atherosclerosis and diabetes through Oil-red-O staining, qRT-PCR, Western blot, and metabolic measurements. Platelet activation and aggregation ex vivo assays were performed to detect the anti-thrombotic effect of different administrations. RESULTS: Silibinin significantly enhanced the inhibitory effect of Clopidogrel…on atherosclerosis in DM mice. Co-administration of Silibinin with Clopidogrel remarkedly reduced the aortic lesion, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction in aorta roots, and diabetic symptoms were significantly improved by the Silibinin-Clopidogrel treatment in HFD-fed ApoE–/– mice. Interestingly, the anti-thrombotic effect of Clopidogrel was further augmented by the Silibinin treatment in atherosclerotic mice. CONCLUSION: In atherosclerotic mouse model, Silibinin significantly improves the effect of Clopidogrel on atherosclerosis.
Abstract: Multiblock copolymers type PDC are polyetheresterurethanes composed of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) and poly(p-dioxanone) segments. They were designed as degradadable shape-memory polymers for medical devices, which can be implanted minimally-invasively. While providing structural support in the initial phase after implantation, they are capable to modulate soft tissue regeneration while degradation. In this perspective, we elucidate cell-material interactions, compatibility both in-vitro and in-vivo and biofunctionality of PDC, which represents a promising candidate biomaterial family especially for cardiovascular applications.