Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 185.00
Impact Factor 2019: 1.642
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
The following professionals and institutions will benefit most from subscribing to
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Diagnostic and risk stratification in intensive and emergency medicine must be fast, accurate, and reliable. The assessment of sublingual microcirculation is a promising tool for this purpose. However, its value is limited because the measurement is time-consuming in unstable patients. This proof-of-concept validation study examines the non-inferiority of a reduced frame rate in image acquisition regarding quality, measurement results, and time. METHODS: This prospective observational study included healthy volunteers. Sublingual measurement of microcirculation was performed using a sidestream dark field camera (SDF, MicroVision Medical®). Video-quality was evaluated with a modified MIQS (microcirculation image quality score). AVA 4.3C…software calculated microcirculatory parameters. RESULTS: Thirty-one volunteers were included. There was no impact of the frame rate on the time needed by the software algorithm to measure one video was 4.5 + 0.5 Minutes for AVA 4.3C. 86 frames per video provided non inferior video quality (MIQS 1.8 + 0.7 for 86 frames versus MIQS 2.2 + 0.6 for 215 frames, p < 0.05), equal results for all microcirculatory parameters, but did not result in an advantage in terms of speed. No complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Video captures with 86 frames offer equal video quality and results for consensus parameters compared to 215 frames. However, there was no advantage regarding the time needed for the overall measurement procedure.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The pharyngeal reconstruction is a challenging aspect after pharyngeal tumor resection. The pharyngeal passage has to be restored to enable oral alimentation and speech rehabilitation. Several techniques like local transposition of skin, mucosa and/or muscle, regional flaps and free vascularized flaps have been developed to reconstruct pharyngeal defects following surgery, in order to restore function and aesthetics. The reconstruction of the pharynx by degradable, multifunctional polymeric materials would be a novel therapeutical option in head and neck surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of an ethylene-oxide sterilized polymer (diameter 10 mm, 200μ m thick) were implanted for the reconstruction…of a standardized defect of the gastric wall in rats in a prospective study. The stomach is a model for a “worst case” application site to test the stability of the implant material under extreme chemical, enzymatical, bacterial, and mechanical load. RESULTS: Fundamental parameters investigated in this animal model were a local tight closure between the polymer and surrounding tissues, histological findings of tissue regeneration and systemic responses to inflammation. A tight anastomosis between the polymer and the adjacent stomach wall was found in all animals after polymer implantation (n = 42). Histologically, a regeneration with glandular epithelium was found in the polymer group. No differences in the systemic responses to inflammation were found between the polymer group (n = 42) and the control group (n = 21) with primary wound closure of the defect of the gastric wall. CONCLUSIONS: A sufficient stability of the polymeric material is a requirement for the pharyngeal reconstruction with implant materials.
Keywords: Oncological head and neck surgery, pharyngocutaneous fistulae, multifunctional polymeric materials, reconstruction of pharyngeal defects, animal model
Abstract: While Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS) was common in the 1980s and early 1990s in HIV-positive patients and one of the most common AIDS-defining diseases, its prevalence today has decreased significantly due to the early and widespread use of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (cART) therapy. The rapid initiation of cART or, if occurring during ongoing cART, an optimization of antiretroviral therapy leads to a healing of this tumour disease in most patients. The aim of the therapy is immune reconstitution, as the immunodeficiency resulting from the HIV disease (reduced CD4+-T helper cells) promotes the development and spread of KS. This case report…describes the course of KS in the first diagnosis of AIDS in a 36-year-old patient. The HIV copy count was below the detection limit and the CD3+/CD4+ T-helper cell count was only slightly below the normal value in the six-month follow-up after initial diagnosis and initiation of cART therapy. However, the clinical findings in the one-year follow-up showed only a partial response, whereby it was noted that new tumour lesions also developed focally in addition to individual progressive lesions. This was demonstrated clinically, dermatoscopically and by laser Doppler fluxmetry measurements of the lesions. Such a progression was observed in about one-third of the patients affected in various studies and is called Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome. Other therapies in addition to cART are necessary here to suppress this immunological phenomenon (including cytostatic drugs). Promising studies are currently underway, including utilising checkpoint inhibitors. These are of great therapeutic interest due to the high immunological activity of KS itself and usually of systemic inflammatory response syndrome.
Abstract: Thrombotic events result from different pathologies and are the underlying causes of severe diseases like stroke or myocardial infarction. Recent basic research now revealed a link between food uptake, food conversion and gut metabolism. Gut microbial production of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) from dietary nutrients like choline, lecithin and L-carnitine was associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Within this review we give a systematic overview about the influence of TMAO on blood components like platelets and endothelial cells which both are involved as key players in thrombotic processes. In summary, a mechanistic correlation between the gut microbiome, TMAO and cardiovascular…diseases becomes obvious and emphasizes to the significance of the intestinal microbiome.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as a guiding tool for edge-to-edge transcatheter tricuspid valve repair (EETVr) using MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) may not offer sufficient image quality in a significant proportion of patients. OBJECTIVES: Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) as additional guiding tool in EETVr with the MitraClip device. METHODS: Appropriate angulations of the ICE catheter to visualize each commissure of the tricuspid valve were established in 3D printed heart models. In a single tertiary-care center ICE was used to support EETVr as additional guidance when TEE image quality was insufficient. Procedural safety and outcomes up to…30-days were compared between ICE/TEE and TEE only guided patients. RESULTS: In 6 of 11 patients (54.5%) undergoing EETVr with MitraClip TEE alone was unsatisfactory, necessitating additional ICE guidance. In 4 of these 6 patients ICE enabled a successful completion of the procedure. The steering maneuvers identified in the 3D models were well applicable in all patients, providing examples for potential future ICE implementation in EETVr. Under both TEE alone (n = 5) and ICE (n = 6) guidance the rate of procedural complications was 0%. According to vena contracta values at discharge significant TR reduction was achievable in the treated cohort (p = 0.011). At 30-days follow-up one patient (ICE guided) died following global heart failure, not associated with the procedure itself. CONCLUSIONS: ICE guidance may offer an additional tool to guide EETVr with the MitraClip device in patients with poor TEE quality, as it enables successful results without impairing procedural safety.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential channel 7 (TRPM7) plays an important role in maintaining intracellular ion concentration and osmotic pressure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the role and mechanism of inhibiting the expression of TRPM7 in the treatment of distal myocardial ischemia. METHODS: H9C2 cells were treated with hypoxia post-treatment and reperfusion, respectively, detect the expression of HIF-1α and TRPM7, the concentration of Ca2 + and the degree of apoptosis in the H9C2 cells. The relevant miRNAs targeting TRPM7 were searched, the TRPM7 interference vectors were constructed, and the interference of different…interference vectors on TRPM7 in H9C2 cells was detected. RESULTS: The results showed that hypoxia post-treatment treatment would lead to increased expression of miR-22-3p which directly targeting TRPM7, decreased expression of TRPM7, increased expression of HIF-α and increased intracellular Ca2 + concentration. While reperfusion can increase the expression of HIF-1α and TRPM7 in H9C2 cells and increase the degree of apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of TRPM7 can significantly reduce reperfusion injury in H9C2 cells, reduce the degree of apoptosis, and the TRPM7 interference vector can inhibit the expression of TRPM7 and have a certain protective effect on the reperfusion injury of H9C2 cells.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The volatile endogenous mediator hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is known to impair thrombus formation by affecting the activity of human platelets. Beside platelets and coagulation factors the endothelium is crucial during thrombogenesis. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effect of the H2 S donor GYY4137 (GYY) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro . METHODS: Flow cytometry of resting, stimulated or GYY-treated and subsequently stimulated HUVECs was performed to analyse the expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. To study a potential reversibility of the GYY action, E-selectin expression was further assessed on HUVECs that…were stimulated 24 h after GYY exposure. A WST-1 assay was performed to study toxic effects of the H2 S donor. By using the biotin switch assay, protein S-sulfhydration of GYY-exposed HUVECs was assessed. Further on, the effects of GYY on HUVEC migration and von Willebrand factor (vWF) secretion were assessed. RESULTS: GYY treatment significantly reduced the expression of E-selectin and ICAM-1 but not of VCAM-1. When HUVECs were stimulated 24 h after GYY treatment, E-selectin expression was no longer affected. The WST-1 assay revealed no effects of GYY on endothelial cell viability. Furthermore, GYY impaired endothelial migration, reduced vWF secretion and increased protein S-sulfhydration. CONCLUSIONS: Summarizing, GYY dose dependently and reversibly reduces the activity of endothelial cells.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Dermatoscopy is successfully used for the early diagnosis of suspicious skin lesions, however, correct diagnosis depends on training. There is evidence that wavelet analysis by Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) can identify malignant melanomas by their hypervascularization and changes in the capillary morphology. OBJECTIVE: To show the capability of LDF in the distinction of melanomas and benign pigmented skin lesions based on data collected over 16 years. METHODS: Evaluation of pigmented skin lesions was based on clinical information. The LDF measurements were taken. The suspect lesion was excised afterwards for histological work-up. Four case reports are…presented. Data collected over 16 years was processed into a neuronal network to estimate the dignity of the lesion. RESULTS: A total of 517 suspicious lesions were analyzed by LDF. In the histological work-up, 114 lesions turned out to be melanomas, whereas 403 benign naevi were secured. Specificity to detect melanomas was good based on the clinical information. The LDF increases the sensitivity of melanoma detection, which is also illustrated in four case reports. CONCLUSION: In addition to clinical parameters, such as color and border, information from the LDF can help in the diagnosis of malignant melanomas. The LDF provides information on the vascularization of the skin lesion.
Abstract: Pseudoaneurysm (PSA) formation is the most common arterial complication of endovascular procedures requiring arterial puncture. The present study reported a case of a 72-year-old male patient with iatrogenic femoral artery PSA treated with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) - guided thrombin injection. Conventional ultrasound (US) and CEUS were used to diagnose, guide treatment, and evaluate the treatment efficacy. In the case, the PSA was successfully occluded with 1000 IU of thrombin. During the follow-up after 48 hours of thrombin injection, US found that the PSA had complete thrombosis without arterial supply. No complications occurrence in the course of the treatment. CEUS -…guided thrombin injection for the treatment of PSA was effective and safety and the associated literatures were also reviewed.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) in renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is still unclear. We aimed to compare early- and delayed-effect RIPC with hematological, microcirculatory and histomorphological parameters. METHODS: In anesthetized male CrI:WI Control rats (n = 7) laparotomy and femoral artery cannulation were performed. In I/R group (n = 7) additionally a 45-minute unilateral renal ischemia with 120-minute reperfusion was induced. The right hind-limb was strangulated for 3×10 minutes (10-minute intermittent reperfusion) 1 hour (RIPC-1 group, n = 7) or 24 hour (RIPC-24 group, n = 6) prior to the I/R. Hemodynamic, hematological parameters and organs’ surface microcirculation…were measured. RESULTS: Control and I/R group had the highest heart rate (p < 0.05 vs base), while the lowest mean arterial pressure (p < 0.05 vs RIPC-1) were found in the RIPC-24 group. The highest microcirculation values were measured in the I/R group (liver: p < 0.05 vs Control). The leukocyte count increased in I/R group (base: p < 0.05 vs Control), also this group’s histological score was the highest (p < 0.05 vs Control). The RIPC-24 group had a significantly lower score than the RIPC-1 (p = 0.0025 vs RIPC-1). CONCLUSION: Renal I/R caused significant functional and morphological, also in the RIPC groups. According to the histological examination the delayed-effect RIPC method was more effective.