Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering - Volume 30, issue 2
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The aim of
Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering is to promote the welfare of humans and to help them keep healthy. This international journal is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes original research papers, review articles and brief notes on materials and engineering for biological and medical systems.
Articles in this peer-reviewed journal cover a wide range of topics, including, but not limited to: Engineering as applied to improving diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of disease and injury, and better substitutes for damaged or disabled human organs; Studies of biomaterial interactions with the human body, bio-compatibility, interfacial and interaction problems; Biomechanical behavior under biological and/or medical conditions; Mechanical and biological properties of membrane biomaterials; Cellular and tissue engineering, physiological, biophysical, biochemical bioengineering aspects; Implant failure fields and degradation of implants. Biomimetics engineering and materials including system analysis as supporter for aged people and as rehabilitation; Bioengineering and materials technology as applied to the decontamination against environmental problems; Biosensors, bioreactors, bioprocess instrumentation and control system; Application to food engineering; Standardization problems on biomaterials and related products; Assessment of reliability and safety of biomedical materials and man-machine systems; and Product liability of biomaterials and related products.
Abstract: BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In this research, using our proposed method, clinical measurements on the pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall were conducted for cases with aneurysm. Furthermore, detailed analyses of frequency and attracter of trajectories of velocity of blood vessel wall were conducted. On the basis of these analyses, we tried to conduct unified clarification of the change and disturbance of frequency and wave form of pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall caused by blood vessel diseases such as aneurysm. RESULTS: In the pulsation motion of blood vessel wall, vasomotion, which is a regular long periodic fluctuation of amplitude of…the pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall, was found to exist. Furthermore, the shift of its frequency into low frequency region was found to correspond well with an increase in I ∗ , an indicator of progressive degree of visco elasticity of blood vessel wall and it reflects the mechanical deterioration of blood vessel wall. This long periodic fluctuation of amplitude of the pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall exists in the low frequency region that composes the frequency of the pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall. On the other hand, wave forms in high frequency region that compose the frequency of pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall were found to correspond well with each pulsatile velocity wave form of blood vessel wall itself and their disturbances caused by the existence of aneurysm was typically reflected in these wave forms. CONCLUSION: By dividing frequencies that compose the frequency of the pulsatile velocity of blood vessel wall into low and high frequency regions and conducting analyses at each region, the possibility of accurate selective detection of blood vessel diseases such as mechanical deterioration of blood vessel wall (low frequency region) and morphological change of blood vessel wall that is aneurysm (high frequency region) was indicated.
Keywords: Aneurysm, noninvasive diagnostic method,
, vasomotion, frequency analysis, attracter, trajectories, velocity of blood vessel wall