Abstract: To assess the current state of medical psychological teaching in Germany after implementation of the new legislation on licensure requirements for physicians (ÄappO), a survey of all departments/institutions was accomplished in 2005 by the teaching committee of the German Society of Medical Psychology (DGMP). For the analysis of the current teaching situation, questions about personnel requirements, subjects and aims of teaching, teaching courses and their contents, the wish for interchange and training, teaching…material as well as strengths and weaknesses of teaching were posed. A total of n=26 of n=33 contacted medical psychology institutions participated. On an average, five members of staff take part in teaching. The results indicate that a wish for exchange and didactic training exists. Collected information will be used for developing an internet-assisted possibility to exchange teaching concepts, -topics and -material.
Keywords: Teaching, medical psychology, medical training program
Abstract: According to the new legislation on licensure requirements for physicians, the education of future physicians attaches importance on teaching communicative skills. The Medical Faculty in Jena offers a seminar about communication skills for physicians in line with the course of Medical Psychology/Sociology to meet the new requirements. The concept includes utilizing communicative exercises with role plays and Standardized Patients on medical-psychological topics. The concept is introduced and experiences are reported. Therefore quantitative…and qualitative data from students, lecturers, and standardized patients are used. Furthermore results of a group discussion with students of an anamnesis group are presented, which discuss the assets and drawbacks of role plays, Standardized Patients and real patients. To summarise, the applied methods are training different partial competencies and complement one another.
Keywords: Medical Psychology, Standardized Patients, communication skills, evaluation, medical teaching
Abstract: The preclinical programs of medical studies in the department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology at the University of Mainz in Germany is distributed on three semesters. The students are recommanded to visit the lectures of Medical Psychology and that of Medical Sociology as well as a voluntary weekend-seminar with the topic "physician-patient-communication". To attend the course and the seminar ist prescribed as compulsory for them. Their topics are thematic and didactic chosed to prepare them…not only for the first medical examination but further on to qualify them for physician-patient-communication und patient-centred psychosocial care. With a new legislation on licensure requirements for physicians (ÄAppO, 2002) the course of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology could be widened about a propaedeutic semester. On the basis of different forms of the evaluation of education and training, successful and less successful topics and didactic methods are identified and if necessary are intensified or separated. Not finally the results of our evaluation shows the necessity, to bring medicine-psychological and -sociological knowledge into the clinical section of the medical studies more intensively, and to offer it practicing doctors moreover.
Keywords: Medical Psychology, Medical Sociology, curriculum, licensure requirements for physicians, evaluation
Abstract: Since 2003 teachings are accomplished in accordance with condition of the new study order (Approbationsordnung) at the medical faculty of the University of Leipzig. The teaching concept was compiled under participation of the department of medical psychology and medical sociology. As a result there is a psychosocial emphasis in the basic study in the curriculum. In the following the framework and the didactical concept are represented. The teaching in winter term 2004/2005 and summer term 2004…was evaluated and the results are reported related to the training concept.
Keywords: Medical Psychology, Medical Sociology, Approbationsordnung, evaluation, teaching
Abstract: With the new ÄAppO the medical sociology faces the task to tie on the experiences of the students and to develop offers more oriented at the medical practice. The exercise presented in this contribution are designed to make conscious to the students of medical sciences that their later medical acting is among others shaped by many different social conditions and also by their gender differentiated spaces of experience. Here they may think about the…conception that they as well will not be protected from becoming aware and treating the male and female patients in a gender differentiated manner. First this contribution will introduce into the theory of habitus. After that you will find the exercise itself: the elements, the organisation and in the center the time process. As the exercise has been accomplished five times before, in a fourth part chosen results will be presented. In the center are, as well as in the exercise, (two) stories told by a group of men and a group of women. After a presentation the developing process will be shortly outlined: the rules of telling set up by the groups, the rules of rhythm and the discourse process. With the – certainly just suggested – interpretation of the results the extensional possibility of the topic of the exercise conception is to be demonstrated and interested male and female colleagues shall be encouraged to develop their creative potential.
Keywords: Medial Sociology, social acting, habitus, gender, interaction, group discussion, observation
Abstract: There is growing demand on medical teachers to exhibit not only scientific but also educational skills. While adequate faculty development programs are available in many countries for a fairly long time this is not the case in Germany, where such offerings still need to be better established. This article describes already existing programs. The behavioral and social sciences might benefit from this increasing interest in faculty development in medical education in more than one…regard. Firstly because an increased quality in teaching leads to greater student satisfaction. Secondly, a faculty better trained in educational matters raises the chance of major curriculum change which might lead to an enhancement of behavioral and social science content of medical school curricula, consistent with its growing relevance for medicine in general. Furthermore there is a closeness of behavioral and social sciences to educational matters concerning their methodological and factual expertise which gives the disciplines an excellent opportunity to improve their significance through educational research.
Keywords: Medical education, medical didactics, medical teaching, behavioral and social sciences, faculty development