Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Volume 70, issue 4
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Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
The following professionals and institutions will benefit most from subscribing to
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: Polycarbonate (PC) substrate is well suited for culturing human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with high proliferation rate, low cell apoptosis rate and negligible cytotoxic effects. However, little is known about the influence of PC on MSC activity including senescence, differentiation and secretion. In this study, the PC cell culture insert was applied for human MSC culture and was compared with polystyrene (PS) and standard tissue culture plate (TCP). The results showed that MSCs were able to adhere on PC surface, exhibiting a spindle-shaped morphology. The size and distribution of focal adhesions of MSCs were similar on PC and TCP. The…senescence level of MSCs on PC was comparable to that on TCP, but was significantly lower than that on PS. MSCs on PC were capable of self-renewal and differentiation into multiple cell lineages, including osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. MSCs cultured on PC secreted a higher level inflammatory cytokines and pro-angiogenic factors including FGF2 and VEGF. Conclusively, PC represents a promising cell culture material for human MSCs.
Keywords: Polycarbonate, human mesenchymal stem cells, differentiation, cytokine secretion, senescence
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The diagnostic value of Doppler ultrasonography of the portal vein for the evaluation of liver function is still contradictory. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to test the relationship between clinical liver function tests based on MRI and breath testing and blood flow in the portal vein. METHODS: The portal vein velocity was measured by color coded Doppler ultrasonography (CCDS) and tested against the relative enhancement (RE), a MRI-based index of liver function. The signal intensity in the liver parenchyma was assessed before (pre) and after (post) administration of contrast agent, the RE was calculated…afterwards. Further, the liver function was also assessed using a 13 C-Methacetin-based breath test. The blood flow in the portal vein was tested for possible correlation applying Pearson’s correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Using CCDS, all patients show a hepatopetal portal blood flow. The portal vein velocity is decreasing with progression of liver damage and there was a significant correlation of portal velocity with SI post (r = 0.411, p = 0.024). However, the portal velocity did not correlate significantly with the 13 C-MBT readout (r = 0.233; p = 0.216), SI pre (r = 0.271, p = 0.147) or the relative enhancement (r = 0.303; p = 0.103). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this proof-of-principle study indicate that CCDS-based assessment of portal velocity is of only limited value for the evaluation of liver function.
Keywords: 13C-methacetin liver function breath test, contrast enhanced MRI, doppler, liver function, portal vein velocity, signal intensity, sonography
Abstract: PURPOSE: Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is able to assess liver function by characteristic changes of signal intensity (SI). The aim was to evaluate dynamic contrast-enhanced SI-indices of the abdominal aorta, portal vein and liver. METHODS: 72 patients underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and a 13 C-methacetin-based liver breath test (13 C-MBT) for evaluation of liver function. Region-of-interest measurements in the liver, abdominal aorta and portal vein during native, arterial (AP), late arterial (LAP), portal venous (PVP) and hepatobiliary phase (HBP) were applied to analyze SI-indices in T1-weighted volume-interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with fat-suppression and relative enhancement (RE)…analysis was performed. RESULTS: The liver (p < 0.001), the portal vein (p < 0.001) and abdominal aorta (p = 0.002) showed significant decrease of REs with decreasing liver function. An increasing trend between logarithmic values of 13 C-MBT and REs of hepatic parenchyma (HBP; r = 0.662, p < 0.001), portal vein (PVP; r = 0.532, p < 0.001) and abdominal aorta (PVP; r = 0.421, p < 0.001) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: RE measurements of the hepatic parenchyma proofed to be a trustable evaluation method for liver function evaluation. In accordance with liver function, changes of REs in the portal vein and abdominal aorta occur.