Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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The aim of
Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering is to promote the welfare of humans and to help them keep healthy. This international journal is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes original research papers, review articles and brief notes on materials and engineering for biological and medical systems.
Articles in this peer-reviewed journal cover a wide range of topics, including, but not limited to: Engineering as applied to improving diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of disease and injury, and better substitutes for damaged or disabled human organs; Studies of biomaterial interactions with the human body, bio-compatibility, interfacial and interaction problems; Biomechanical behavior under biological and/or medical conditions; Mechanical and biological properties of membrane biomaterials; Cellular and tissue engineering, physiological, biophysical, biochemical bioengineering aspects; Implant failure fields and degradation of implants. Biomimetics engineering and materials including system analysis as supporter for aged people and as rehabilitation; Bioengineering and materials technology as applied to the decontamination against environmental problems; Biosensors, bioreactors, bioprocess instrumentation and control system; Application to food engineering; Standardization problems on biomaterials and related products; Assessment of reliability and safety of biomedical materials and man-machine systems; and Product liability of biomaterials and related products.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The conservation of the joint anatomy is an important factor in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The restoration of the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) has been well known to influence the clinical outcome after TKA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism of PCO in finite element models with conservation of subject anatomy and different PCO of ±1, ±2, ±3 mm in posterior direction using posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKA. METHODS: Using a computational simulation, we investigated the influence of the changes in PCO on the contact stress in the polyethylene (PE) insert…and patellar button, on the forces on the collateral and posterior cruciate ligament, and on the quadriceps muscle and patellar tendon forces. The computational simulation loading condition was deep knee bend. RESULTS: The contact stresses on the PE insert increased, whereas those on the patellar button decreased as posterior condylar offset translated to the posterior direction. The forces exerted on the posterior cruciate ligament and collateral ligaments increased as PCO translated to the posterior direction. The translation of PCO in the anterior direction, in an equivalent flexion angle, required a greater quadriceps muscle force. CONCLUSIONS: Translations of the PCO in the posterior and anterior directions resulted in negative effects in the PE insert and ligament, and the quadriceps muscle force, respectively. Our findings suggest for orthopaedic surgeons to be careful with regard to the intraoperative conservation of PCO, because an excessive change in PCO may lead to quadriceps weakness and increase in posterior cruciate ligament tension.
Keywords: Posterior condylar offset, total knee arthroplasty, finite element analysis