Authors: Kuroda, Akiyoshi | Mineo, Ayumi | Shoji, Shintaro | Inoue, Gen | Saito, Wataru | Sekiguchi, Hiroyuki | Takaso, Masashi | Uchida, Kentaro
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies offer potential for bone repair. MSC spheroid cultures may harbor enhanced therapeutic potential over MSC monolayers through increased secretion of trophic factors. However, the impact of spheroid size on trophic factor expression is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of spheroid size on trophic factor-related gene expression. METHODS: KUM10, a murine MSC line was used. RNA-seq was used to screen the transcriptional profiles of MSC monolayer and spheroid cultures. Differentially expressed genes identified in RNA-seq were evaluated by q-PCR in cultures of 5 × 104 (S group), 5 × 105
…(M group), 5 × 106 (L group) cells/well. RESULTS: Comparison of expression levels between KUM10 monolayer and spheroid cultures identified 2140 differentially expressed genes, of which 1047 were upregulated and 1093 were downregulated in KUM10 spheroids. Among these, 12 upregulated genes (Bmp2 , Fgf9 , Fgf18 , Ngf , Pdgfa , Pdgfb , Tgfb1 , Vegfa , Vegfc , Wnt4 , Wnt5a , Wnt10a ) were associated with secretory growth factors. Of these, expression of Fgf9 , Fgf18 , Vegfa and Vegfc was elevated in the L group, and Pdgfb and Tgfb1 was elevated in the S group. CONCLUSIONS: Spheroid size may impact trophic factor expression. Our results will be useful for future studies assessing the utility of MSC spheroids for treating bone injury.
Keywords: Mesenchymal stem cells, spheroid, trophic factor
Citation: Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering,
vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 67-76, 2023
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