Authors: Giusto, Gessica | Beretta, Giangiacomo | Vercelli, Cristina | Valle, Emanuela | Iussich, Selina | Borghi, Roberta | Odetti, Patrizio | Monacelli, Fiammetta | Tramuta, Clara | Grego, Elena | Nebbia, Patrizia | Robino, Patrizia | Odore, Rosangela | Gandini, Marco
Background: Novel pectin-honey hydrogels have been developed and characterized as medical device. Ideally, a wound dressing should maintain optimal fluid affinity, permit moisture evaporation, protect the wound from microbes, and have shape-conformability, biocompatibility, and antibacterial activity. Objective: A novel, simple and fast method to produce pectin-honey wound dressings is described. Methods: The properties of these pectin-honey hydrogels were investigated, including swelling ability, water vapour transmission rate, hydrogen peroxide production, methylglyoxal content and antibacterial activity. Biocompatibility was assessed by proliferation assays using cultured fibroblast cells and by in vivo study with subcutaneous and intraperitoneal implantation in
…rats. Results: Hydrogel showed a good water vapour transmission rate, fluid uptake and were not cytotoxic for fibroblasts. The hydrogel demonstrated good antibacterial activity toward clinically relevant pathogens, including S. aureus and E. coli . Biocompatibility was confirmed by the measurement of plasma levels of interleukin (IL)1 beta, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, and prostaglandin (PG)E2. No histological changes were observed. Conclusions: The presence of a natural active component, conformability, and complete resorbability are the main characteristics of this new biocompatible biomaterial that is well tolerated by the body, possibly improves healing, may be used for surgical complications prevention, with a simple and inexpensive production process.
Keywords: Biocompatibility, biomaterial, pectin-honey hydrogels, wound dressing, medical device
Citation: Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering,
vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 347-356, 2018
Price: EUR 27.50