Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - Volume 35, issue 4
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Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, a peer-reviewed international scientific journal, serves as an aid to understanding the flow properties of blood and the relationship to normal and abnormal physiology. The rapidly expanding science of hemorheology concerns blood, its components and the blood vessels with which blood interacts. It includes perihemorheology, i.e., the rheology of fluid and structures in the perivascular and interstitial spaces as well as the lymphatic system. The clinical aspects include pathogenesis, symptomatology and diagnostic methods, and the fields of prophylaxis and therapy in all branches of medicine and surgery, pharmacology and drug research.
The endeavour of the Editors-in-Chief and publishers of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation is to bring together contributions from those working in various fields related to blood flow all over the world. The editors of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation are from those countries in Europe, Asia, Australia and America where appreciable work in clinical hemorheology and microcirculation is being carried out. Each editor takes responsibility to decide on the acceptance of a manuscript. He is required to have the manuscript appraised by two referees and may be one of them himself. The executive editorial office, to which the manuscripts have been submitted, is responsible for rapid handling of the reviewing process.
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation accepts original papers, brief communications, mini-reports and letters to the Editors-in-Chief. Review articles, providing general views and new insights into related subjects, are regularly invited by the Editors-in-Chief. Proceedings of international and national conferences on clinical hemorheology (in original form or as abstracts) complete the range of editorial features.
The following professionals and institutions will benefit most from subscribing to
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: medical practitioners in all fields including hematology, cardiology, geriatrics, angiology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, otology, and neurology. Pharmacologists, clinical laboratories, blood transfusion centres, manufacturing firms producing diagnostic instruments, and the pharmaceutical industry will also benefit.
Important new topics will increasingly claim more pages of
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation: the role of hemorheological and microcirculatory disturbances for epidemiology and prognosis, in particular regarding cardiovascular disorders, as well as its significance in the field of geriatrics. Authors and readers are invited to contact the editors for specific information or to make suggestions.
Abstract: Rheological factors and increased platelet aggregation are convincingly implicated in the development of micro- and macrovascular disease associated with diabetes mellitus. The present examination has been designed to describe the effects of a standard oral glucose load on hemorheological parameters, platelet activation and aggregation in patients with normal and pathologic glucose tolerance. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed in 30 patients suspected to have diabetes mellitus. Hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation, red blood cell filterability, plasma and whole blood viscosity, soluble P-selectin levels and platelet aggregation were tested paralelly with blood glucose measurements 1, 2, and 3 hours after glucose consumption.…Patients were divided into two groups based on glucose tolerance. Patients with abnormal glucose tolerance (IGT/DM) showed significant elevation in red blood cell aggregability (Myrenne indices M and M1) at the 2- and 3-hour samplings (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). Patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) showed significant elevation only in M1 index (p=0.01). Plasma viscosity decreased significantly compared to fasting values in IGT/DM patients in all samples, but remained unchanged in NGT patients. Hematocrit decreased in IGT/DM patients significantly from the 2-hour samplings on (p<0.05), in normoglycaemic patients its decrease reached a borderline significance at 3-hour measurements. No significant changes were detected in whole blood viscosity, red blood cell filterability and sP-selectin levels during OGTT in either examined groups. No examined parameters were significantly correlated to blood glucose levels at any sampling. Erythrocyte aggregation showed significant correlation with BMI (p<0.01). Our results demonstrate that after the intake of a standard amount of glucose the development of rheological alterations is not simultaneous with the elevation of blood glucose levels, and our data suggest that the observed elevation in erythrocyte aggregation during OGTT might be associated with hyperinsulinemia.