Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering - Volume 19, issue 2-3
Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR 245.00
Impact Factor 2019: 0.993
The aim of
Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering is to promote the welfare of humans and to help them keep healthy. This international journal is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes original research papers, review articles and brief notes on materials and engineering for biological and medical systems.
Articles in this peer-reviewed journal cover a wide range of topics, including, but not limited to: Engineering as applied to improving diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of disease and injury, and better substitutes for damaged or disabled human organs; Studies of biomaterial interactions with the human body, bio-compatibility, interfacial and interaction problems; Biomechanical behavior under biological and/or medical conditions; Mechanical and biological properties of membrane biomaterials; Cellular and tissue engineering, physiological, biophysical, biochemical bioengineering aspects; Implant failure fields and degradation of implants. Biomimetics engineering and materials including system analysis as supporter for aged people and as rehabilitation; Bioengineering and materials technology as applied to the decontamination against environmental problems; Biosensors, bioreactors, bioprocess instrumentation and control system; Application to food engineering; Standardization problems on biomaterials and related products; Assessment of reliability and safety of biomedical materials and man-machine systems; and Product liability of biomaterials and related products.
Abstract: Since adhesive technology was introduced into dental field, metal-based restoration has been gradually replaced by metal-free restoration. Using the adhesive technology, minimum invasive technique has been possible in daily clinical practice as well as esthetic tooth-colored restorations have become very popular all over the world. One of the current issues of the dental adhesive is durability of bond between tooth structure and adhesive resin. Several approaches to overcome the issues have been carried out. Self-etching approach is believed to create durable bond because demineralization of superficial tooth surface is very shallow. Other approach is to utilize the inhibitor of…enzymes which are suggested to catalyze the decomposition of resin composites and are always secreted within the oral environment. In the present study, Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles (CPN) was applied before the application of 4-META/MMA-TBB resin cement as the third possibility to prolong the durability of bond. This implies that the use of the CPN solution would create higher conversion at the interface compared with conventional bonding procedures.
Abstract: We initiate some comparisons between Japan, Europe and USA on how far there is governmental support for the ethical, legal, social and environmental dimensions of nanotechnology development. It is evident that in the USA and Europe nanotechnology is now firmly embedded in the consideration of ELSI. Yet Japan has not yet adequately recognized the importance of these dimensions. The history of bioethics in Japan is short. In Europe, as early as 2004, a nanotechnology report by the UK's Royal Society referred to the possibility of some nanotubes and fibres having asbestos-like toxicity. The negative history of asbestos in Europe and…USA is not yet fully identified as a Japanese problem. Japan is therefore in the process of seeking how best to address societal aspects of nanotechnology. Should the precautionary principle be applied to Japan's nanotechnology initiative as in Europe? Should 5–10% of the government's nanotechnology budget be allocated to ELSI research and measures? We propose that the government and industrial sector in Japan play a much more proactive part in the regional and international growth of research into the wider risk assessment, social, health and environmental context of nanotechnologies, not simply try to borrow lessons from the West at a later date.
Keywords: Asbestos, bioethics, ELSI, nanotechnology, USA, Europe, Japan