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Technology and Health Care is intended to serve as a forum for the presentation of original articles and technical notes, observing rigorous scientific standards. Furthermore, upon invitation, reviews, tutorials, discussion papers and minisymposia are featured.
The following types of contributions and areas are considered:
1. Original articles:
Technology development in medicine: New concepts, procedures and devices associated with the use of technology in medical research and clinical practice are presented to a readership with a widespread background in engineering and/or medicine.
Significance of medical technology and informatics for healthcare: The appropriateness, efficacy and usefulness deriving from the application of engineering methods, devices and informatics in medicine and with respect to public health are discussed.
2. Technical notes:
Short communications on novel technical developments with relevance for clinical medicine.
3. Reviews and tutorials (upon invitation only):
Tutorial and educational articles for persons with a primarily medical background on principles of engineering with particular significance for biomedical applications and vice versa are presented.
4. Minisymposia (upon invitation only):
Under the leadership of a Special Editor, controversial issues relating to healthcare are highlighted and discussed by various authors.
Abstract: One of the major symptoms when women are wearing high heels for a long time is leg swelling. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of manual lymph drainage with ultrasound therapy. The forty-five healthy women of twenties were participated in this study and divided randomly into three groups; manual lymph drainage group (n = 15), ultrasound therapy group (n = 15) and control group (n = 15). Swelling was measured before wearing the high heels (10 cm-height), after one-hour of wearing the high heels, wearing the high heels of one-hour after the intervention of 15 minutes.…Also swelling was calculated by using a tape measure, volumeter and body composition analyzer. Statistical analysis of the comparison between the three groups was performed by one-way ANOVA. Also comparison to the mean value in swelling according to the time was performed by repeated measure ANOVA. As the result of this study, a significant changes have emerged within each of manual lymph drainage, ultrasound therapy and control group (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences between each group (p > 0.05). But the mean value of manual lymph drainage group showed the tendency of fast recovering before causing swelling. Therefore, we consider that the clinical treatment of manual lymph drainage and ongoing studies will be made since manual lymph drainage is very effective in releasing the leg swelling caused by wearing high heels and standing for a long time at work.
Keywords: Manual lymph drainage (MLD), ultrasound therapy, swelling, high heels
Abstract: Because of the increasing number of cardiac patients all over the world, the importance of cardiac disease prevention is increasing. This study was attempted to identify the predictors associated with an efficient health information patients in two general hospitals located in Seoul from May 13 to June 13, 2012. The results were as follows: First, analysis of the percentage of nutrient intake in terms of meal pattern showed that the response rate of 47.9% in the case group at vegetable intake of 2 or 3 times per week was significantly higher than the response rate of 47.1% in the control…group (X2 = 9.08, p < 0.05), Second, the multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that efficiency of a health information management was significantly associated with female (OR = 3.24, 95% Cl: 1.93–6.84), the subjects having abdominal obesity (OR = 2.29, 95% Cl: 1.15–3.60). Therefore, the proposed framework will be helpful for health information system developers.
Keywords: Health information management, patients, cardiac surgery, efficiency
Abstract: Bowed legs adjustment should first, follow careful biomechanical examination of left and right side per its range of motion may differ respectively. Adjustment should be applied according to the findings of the biomechanical tests. Bowed legs can be defined as the result of restriction of joints, excluding the pathological joint problems.
Abstract: Advances in computed tomography (CT) technology – from traditional CT to cone beam (CB) CT – have benefitted both the dentists and their young patients. We therefore wanted to determine the prevalence of CBCT use in pediatric dentistry in Korea. Our first approach was to conduct an institutional survey to evaluate the use of CBCT for diagnosing and evaluating dental problems in pediatric patients. Our second approach was to review any articles published during 2002–2011 in the Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry that described clinical use of CBCT. The journal articles surveyed indicated that there…were three areas in which CBCT was most useful. The most prevalent use was for diagnosis and monitoring of the growth of cystomas and other tumors in the mouth. The second most common use of CBCT was localization of impacted teeth and evaluation of their relations with adjacent teeth. The third use was to observe supernumerary teeth and evaluate their relations with the roots of adjacent teeth. Compared with traditional CT, CBCT has shorter acquisition times and causes less radiation exposure to the patient. There are fewer side effects with CBCT because its accuracy allows minimally invasive treatment for such problems as impacted and supernumerary teeth.
Abstract: Phytolacca americana L. is a large semi-succulent herbaceous plant which reaches three meters in height. It is native to eastern North America, the Midwest, and the Gulf Coast, with more scattered populations in the far West. It is imported into Korea and has been frequently used as a traditional natural drug for diseases such as systemic edema and nephritis. Its berries, that is, fruits are shiny dark purple held in racemous clusters on pink pedicels with a pink peduncle. They are round with a flat indented top and bottom. Immature berries are green, maturing into white and then blackish purple.…It is not well known how the berries are used for a natural staining yet. In this study, using Phytolacca americana L.-berries, a natural staining was analyzed. Moreover, due to the broad use of chemical mordants, five different mordants including copper acetate, aluminum potassium sulfate, sodium tartrate plus citric acid, Iron II sulfate and potassium dichromate were combined. Extracted dye from the berries stained silk fabrics with ivory. The original purple color from the berries disappeared and transformed into ivory. Although the silk fabrics were differentially stained by the berries that were combined with mordants of aluminum potassium sulfate, sodium tartrate plus citric acid and potassium dichromate, only differences in lightness and darkness were observed. Interestingly, the combination of the dye from the berries with a mordant of copper acetate and Iron II sulfate induced the staining of the silk fabrics into khaki and dark khaki, respectively. This study is the first systemic report on staining silk fabrics with Phytolacca americana L.-berries and chemical mordants and suggests application of natural products to the fiber industry.
Keywords: Phytolacca americana L., berries, dye, mordant
Abstract: A glandular breast tissue is a radio-sensitive tissue. So during the evaluation of an X-ray mammography device, Average Glandular Dose (AGD) measurement is a very important part. In reality, it is difficult to measure AGD directly, Monte Carlo simulation was used to analyze the correlation between the AGD and breast thickness. As a result, AGDs calculated through the Monte Carlo simulation were 1.64, 1.41 and 0.88 mGy. The simulated AGDs mainly depend on the glandular ratio of the breast. With the increase of glandular breast tissue, absorption of low photon-energy increased so that the AGDs increased, too. In addition, the…thicker the breast was, the more the AGD became. Consequently, this study will be used as basic data for establishing the diagnostic reference levels of mammography.
Keywords: Glandular, average glandular dose, Monte Carlo simulation, breast thickness
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to grasp difference in quality of chest compression accuracy between the modified chest compression method with the use of smartphone application and the standardized traditional chest compression method. Participants were progressed 64 people except 6 absentees among 70 people who agreed to participation with completing the CPR curriculum. In the classification of group in participants, the modified chest compression method was called as smartphone group (33 people). The standardized chest compression method was called as traditional group (31 people). The common equipments in both groups were used Manikin for practice and Manikin for evaluation.…In the meantime, the smartphone group for application was utilized Android and iOS Operating System (OS) of 2 smartphone products (G, i). The measurement period was conducted from September 25th to 26th, 2012. Data analysis was used SPSS WIN 12.0 program. As a result of research, the proper compression depth (mm) was shown the proper compression depth (p < 0.01) in traditional group (53.77 mm) compared to smartphone group (48.35 mm). Even the proper chest compression (%) was formed suitably (p < 0.05) in traditional group (73.96%) more than smartphone group (60.51%). As for the awareness of chest compression accuracy, the traditional group (3.83 points) had the higher awareness of chest compression accuracy (p < 0.001) than the smartphone group (2.32 points). In the questionnaire that was additionally carried out 1 question only in smartphone group, the modified chest compression method with the use of smartphone had the high negative reason in rescuer for occurrence of hand back pain (48.5%) and unstable posture (21.2%).
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine possible effects of 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program (PPEP) for the fruit farmers (grape, tomato, apple) with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) on body stability and pain. 131 fruit farmers with MSD were selected and asked to join a 12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program (PPEP) from 2009 to 2012. The subjects (female = 74, male = 57) aged 50 to 65 years old voluntarily participated. As a result, it was found that lateral-medial and anterior-posterior of body stability significantly improved in male and female fruit farmers. It was found that pain index (VAS) after…12-week Prop Pilates Exercise Program (PPEP) showed a significant decrease.
Keywords: Props Pilates, fruit farmer, musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), stability, pain
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine relationship between the accident and injury occurrence and the absence appearance in adults. Materials of this study were based on the raw data of “Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011”, which was conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MW) and Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2011. Totally 5904 people were targeted by selecting data without missing value in addition to age in more than 20 years old. And the appearance of absence through the occurrence of injury had the final subjects of absence targeting…379 people among 5904 people. An analytical method was made by using SPSS WIN program (Version 12.0). As a result of research, the occurrence of injury was higher (p < 0.01) in men than women. The age group was high in the 30s (about 1.5 times, p < 0.05) and the 40 s (about 1.9 times, p < 0.01). The higher in household income (about 1.5 times, p < 0.05) and educational level (about 1.6 times, p < 0.001) led to the higher occurrence of injury. As for the occurrence of absence, fall and slip (abut 1.8 times, p < 0.05) had higher absence than other accidents. As for a place of cure, the absence were higher (p < 0.001) in users of emergency room than entering hospital/clinic. Finally, the more bed-ridden led to the higher absence (p < 0.001).