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Technology and Health Care is intended to serve as a forum for the presentation of original articles and technical notes, observing rigorous scientific standards. Furthermore, upon invitation, reviews, tutorials, discussion papers and minisymposia are featured.
The following types of contributions and areas are considered:
1. Original articles:
Technology development in medicine: New concepts, procedures and devices associated with the use of technology in medical research and clinical practice are presented to a readership with a widespread background in engineering and/or medicine.
Significance of medical technology and informatics for healthcare: The appropriateness, efficacy and usefulness deriving from the application of engineering methods, devices and informatics in medicine and with respect to public health are discussed.
2. Technical notes:
Short communications on novel technical developments with relevance for clinical medicine.
3. Reviews and tutorials (upon invitation only):
Tutorial and educational articles for persons with a primarily medical background on principles of engineering with particular significance for biomedical applications and vice versa are presented.
4. Minisymposia (upon invitation only):
Under the leadership of a Special Editor, controversial issues relating to healthcare are highlighted and discussed by various authors.
Abstract: Background: Gratitude disposition is positively associated with happiness. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify influencing factors on gratitude disposition by gender differences in middle school students. Methods: Cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires were administered to participants (n = 372) aged between 13∼15 years in Seoul and Chungnam Province in Korea. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS18.0 statistical program, and frequency analysis and logistic regression analysis were used in the research. Results: The mean score of family abuse of boys was significantly higher than girls' score (t =…3.016, p = 0.003). In subscales of development assets, empowerment (t = 2.264, p = 0.024), boundaries and expectation (t = 2.476, p = 0.014), and commitment to learning (t = 1.971, p = 0.049) were significantly higher in boys. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR 0.334, CI 0.130∼0.862), peer relationship (OR 2.280, CI 1.124∼4.623), social support (OR 2.584, CI 1.176∼5.676), positive identity (OR 3.138, CI 1.256∼7.840) were significantly associated with gratitude disposition for boys, while school violence (OR 0.050, CI 0.003∼0.907) and positive identity (OR 2.937, CI 1.313∼6.567) were significantly associated with gratitude disposition for girls. Conclusion: This study suggests that it is important to protect adolescents from family abuse and school violence, furthermore, developmental assets should be developed to increase to gratitude disposition.
Keywords: Gratitude disposition, middle school student, positive identity
Abstract: Individual pelvic sacral angle was measured, compared and analyzed for the 6 male and female adults who were diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis, foraminal stenosis and mild spondylolisthesis in accordance with spinal parameters, pelvic parameters and occlusion state of sacroiliac joint presented by the author of this thesis based on the fact that the degree of lumbar excessive lordosis that was one of the causes for lumbar pain was determined by sacral slope. The measured values were compared with the standard values of the average normal range from 20 s to 40 s of normal Koreans stated in…the study on the change in lumbar lordosis angle, lumbosacral angle and sacral slope in accordance with the age by Oh et al.  and sacral slope and pelvic sacral slope of each individual of the subjects for measurement were compared. Comparing the difference between the two tilt angles possessed by an individual is a comparison to determine how much the sacroiliac joint connecting pelvis and sacral vertebrae compensated and corrected the sacral vertebrae slope by pelvic tilt under the condition of synarthrodial joint. Under the condition that the location conforming to the line in which the sagittal line of gravity connects with pelvic ASIS and pubic pubic tuberele is the neutral location of pelvic tilt, sacral slope being greater than pelvic sacral slope means pelvic anterior tilting, whereas sacral slope being smaller than pelvic sacral slope means pelvic posterior tilting. On that account, male B, female A and female C had a pelvic posterior tilting of 16 degrees, 1 degree and 5 degrees respectively, whereas male A, male C and female B had a pelvic anterior tilting of 3 degrees, 9 degrees and 4 degrees respectively. In addition, the 6 patients the values of lumbar lordosis angle, lumbosacral angle and sacral slope that were almost twice as much as the normal standard values of Koreans. It is believed that this is because the pelvic sacral slope maintaining an angle that is slightly greater than the normal range by being located in the lowest end of spine considering that the compensation for pelvic tilt, in other words, pelvic limb is not much causes an excess of lumbar lordosis angle. The meaning of this study based on these results is to prove that PSA is one of the important factors that fundamentally determine lumbar curvature. And this is because it is definitely required to have a study on the guideline for appropriate posture and life habit to the maintenance and management of ideal PSA before the end of growth phase and also the exercise therapy and adjustment for the control of PSA.
Abstract: This study was conducted on Korean middle age adults during a stage of their physical, psychological, and social transition in society. The primary objective of this research is to ascertain participants’ Yangsaeng levels, as well as determining the effects of factors related to health perceptions. In addition, this empirical research study provides basic data to develop and diffuse how the Yangsaeng program can be applied to a method of health care management. The questionnaire was distributed to Korean middle aged men and women between the ages of 40–65 years old. In the end, a total of 465 participants were analyzed…using SPSS/WIN 19.0. The majority of the participants’ responses identified four major influential factors on health perception; ‘morality Yangsaeng’, ‘exercise Yangsaeng’, ‘diet Yangsaeng’ and ‘sexual life Yangsaeng’. Notably, in consideration of the effects that Yangsaeng has upon the lifestyle of health perception, there is no influential factor in the fashion seeking (‘diet Yangsaeng’) group. Nevertheless, there is evidence of influential factors affecting ‘exercise Yangsaeng’ and ‘sexual life Yangsaeng’ in the health inclination group, as well as additional influential factors affecting ‘morality Yangsaeng’ and ‘sexual Yangsaeng’ in the societal group.
Keywords: Middle age, health perception, Yangsaeng, lifestyle
Abstract: The characteristics of an individual's odor from sweat, breath and skin provide important information for criminal tracking in field of forensic science. Solid phase micro-extraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS) was used to determine human sweat volatile organic compounds (VOCs) profiles. The mass spectrometric analysis (with electron impact mode) followed by 2nd dimensional separation with two different GC columns (one polar and one relatively nonpolar) connected in parallel were used to identify the 574 compounds from sweat samples. The components included alcohols, aldehydes, aliphatics/aromatics, carboxylic acids, esters, ketones, and other organic compounds (amides/amines, thio/thioesters, oxide, sulfides, nitro compounds). Of these compounds,…1-tridecanol, 1,3-bis(1,1-dimethyl ethyl)-benzene, 4,4'-(1-methylethylidene) bis-phenol and 7-acetyl-6-ethyl-1,1,4,4,-tetramethyl-tetraline were common components in all donor's sweat volatile samples. Age-related specific compounds were also detected. The results suggest that characteristic volatile profiles of human sweat emanations could provide the valuable information to forensic scientists.
Abstract: This study compared the relating factors on the attitude for elderly between elderly women group and female university student group. The elderly woman group had higher scores in perceived health status, self integrity, self-efficacy, social support, attitude for elderly than female university students group. These differences were statistically significant. The relating factor on the attitude for elderly was self integrity in elderly women group significantly. Variables that significantly affected the attitude towards seniors were not found in the female university student group.
Keywords: Attitude for elderly, self integrity, self efficacy, social support
Abstract: Rectal cancer is the most frequent cancer in Korea. Until effective systemic therapy is available for rectal cancer, development of new treatment strategies depends on knowledge of the end results achieved for carefully staged groups of patients in the rectal cancer population. This study was performed to identify the factors influencing on clinical cancer stage in women patients with rectal cancer. The subjects of this study were 227 patients who had been visited a general hospital which located in the area of Metropolitan. Data collect was surveyed using questionnaires from January 21, 2013 to February 21, 2013. Major findings are…as followings. First, according to this result, a strong positive correlation was shown between women's age at first marriage and education (r = 0.45, p < 0.01). Second, in multiple regression, women's age, previous cancer screening, stress, and age of menopause were significant predictors of rectal cancer stage. The explanatory of R2 on rectal cancer stage accounted for 36.2% of these correlation. Based on the results obtained by the study, it needs to develop more systemical program and consistent policies of individual and organization for rectal cancer prevention.
Keywords: Clinical cancer stage, women patients, rectal cancer, systemical program