This Symposium brings together a number of contributions which deal with China's emergence as an ‘economic superpower', now second only to the US in the international league-tables in aggregate terms, if much less so in GDP per capita. Since Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms in 1978, the ‘Middle Kingdom' has seen a ‘sea-change' in how it manages its economy, its businesses and its human resources. As well as discussing its egregious economic development at the macro-level, they deal with how its firms are managed at the micro-level. The authors are internationally known experts who hail from a variety of universities in countries, such as Australia, China, New Zealand, South Korea, the UK and the USA. They cover a wide range of topics such as State-Owned Firms reforms, Human Resources, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, Business Incubators, International Business, China-Plus-One strategy and last, China-India Comparisons. In this Symposium, we try to see how this remarkable transformation has come about and present a number of both analytical as well as empirical approaches to the study of Chinese management.