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WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice.
WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.
Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship),
Sounding Board commentaries and
Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination.
Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board,
WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.
WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.
WORK celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015.
*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT)* *WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)* *WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*
Abstract: The article examines the medical, psychological, and social aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS), one of the most common neurological disorders in the Western hemisphere. It presents current information concerning the symptomology, diagnosis, course, progression, and treatment of the illness.
Abstract: This study, guided by stress-appraisal and coping theory, compared health status, perceived impediments to work, and coping strategies used by young (<45 years) and middle-age (45−64 years) women with multiple sclerosis (MS) with respect to three major work roles (employed, homemaker, unemployed). Subjects, 408 women below age 65, completed by mail two measures of health status (activities of daily living scale (ADL) and MS-related symptoms scale), work impediments scale, and work enhancer scale (a measure of coping strategies). Using ANCOVA with control for education and duration of MS since diagnosis, results indicated lower ADL functioning and increased MS-related symptoms and…work impediments among middle-age compared to young women (all P<0.05). For work roles, despite no age differences, unemployed women had lower ADL functioning, more motor symptoms, and perceived more work impediments than homemakers and employed women (all P<0.05). Overall, the unemployed used more work coping strategies than homemakers or employed women. Findings from the comparison of women <45 years of age with respect to both parent status and work role on health status, perceived work impediments, and coping variables are also presented. Knowledge of health status, perceived work impediments, and available coping strategies of women with MS with respect to their various work roles is essential for health providers in planning relevant interventions.
Keywords: Homemaker, Unemployed, Employed, Pre- and/or school-age children
Abstract: The article describes model job placement programs for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary thesis is that both selective placement and job-seeking skills training are needed to increase labor force participation in the American MS community. Specifically, the authors examine (a) MS Back-to-Work: Operation Job Match, (b) the Job Raising Program, (c) the Return-to-Work program, and (d) the Career Possibilities Project.
Abstract: The article examines the high (75%) rate of unemployment among Americans with multiple sclerosis (MS). Specifically, it considers the demographic, medical, psychological, sociopolitical, and work related aspects of MS which have been linked to unemployment.
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Employment, Vocational rehabilitation, Career development
Abstract: The paper reviews service initiatives designed to facilitate job retention for employees with multiple sclerosis (MS). The thesis is that worksite barriers must be removed via reasonable accommodations for persons with MS to continue working as the illness progresses. Key elements of barrier removal include (a) needs assessments, (b) civil rights information concerning Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act, (c) training on how to request reasonable accommodations from one's employer, and (d) consultation with employers.
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Job retention, Research and services, Career maintenance
Abstract: The person/environment or ecological perspective on vocational evaluation provides a comprehensive assessment strategy for people with multiple sclerosis. The ecological model requires assessment of both personal variables such as rehabilitation outlook and MS symptoms and environmental variables such as barriers to workplace accessibility and performance of essential job functions. Measures of person and environment constructs are presented as are applications of the resulting information in vocational counseling and disability management services.
Abstract: The article presents recommendations for policymakers, service providers, and consumers to improve the bleak career development prospects for Americans with multiple sclerosis (MS). It suggests intervention strategies, research initiatives, and information dissemination activities for future consideration.
Keywords: Employment, Multiple sclerosis, Research recommendations