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WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice.
WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.
Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship),
Sounding Board commentaries and
Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination.
Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board,
WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.
WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.
WORK celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015.
*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT)* *WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)* *WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: A shortage of traditional medical fieldwork placements has been reported in the United States. Alternative settings are being sought to meet the Accreditation Standards for Level I fieldwork. This study was designed to examine and report the outcomes of an alternative pediatric camp setting, using a group model of supervision to fulfill the requirements for Level I fieldwork. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven students from two Pennsylvania OT schools. METHODS: Two cohorts of students…were studied over a two year period using multiple methods of retrospective review and data collection. RESULTS: Students supervised in a group model experienced positive outcomes, including opportunities to deliver client centered care, and understanding the role of caregiving for children with disabilities. CONCLUSION: The use of a collaborative model of fieldwork education at a camp setting has resulted in a viable approach for the successful attainment of Level I fieldwork objectives for multiple students under a single supervisor.
Keywords: Professional development, group supervision, occupational therapy
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact and importance of the physical, social and institutional environments on the outcome of their first fieldwork experience from the perspectives of occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) students. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty two percent (n=84) of OT and 65% (n=51) of PT students completed the survey. The majority of students were female, aged 20–25 years, and supervised using a one student to one educator supervision model. METHODS: A paper…survey was mailed to all OT and PT students during their junior fieldwork placement. Demographic, nominal score data and responses to closed-ended questions generated descriptive statistics. Qualitative data resulting from the open-ended questions underwent content analysis. RESULTS: OT and PT students' fieldwork experiences and perceptions of their environment were remarkably similar, however, OT students indicated the physical environment (e.g., having a desk, access to a computer) and orientation (e.g., having a tour) were more important to their impressions of the placement as positive. CONCLUSIONS: By knowing how the environment impacts the fieldwork experience for students, stakeholders involved in the fieldwork process are in a better position to identify and be proactive in making changes to improve placement quality.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Communication Disorders and Nursing Programs conducted a pilot study to examine the value of peer review as an educational strategy to improve graduate student writing and understanding of course assignments. PARTICIPANTS: Graduate students enrolled in a communication disorders diagnostic process course, a health policy course, or a philosophical foundations course (N=120). METHODS: Students participated as a peer reviewer for their final assignment. The reviewer read the draft assignment and provided…comments. Additionally, nursing students read their papers out loud to the peer reviewer. Students submitted their draft assignment to their professor. The nursing drafts were graded. Students revised and submitted the final assignment for a grade. Students completed a questionnaire at the end of the course to provide feedback about the value of peer review. RESULTS: A 65% response rate was obtained. Students (89.9%) felt that the draft was helpful, the partner was helpful (70.9%), and 78.5% incorporated the suggestions of the peer reviewer. Overall, grades improved from the draft version to the final version for each assignment. CONCLUSION: The pilot study showed that peer review was an effective educational strategy to improve student grades and conceptual understanding of the material.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Low vision rehabilitation is an emerging practice area for the field of occupational therapy. As a result there is a need to develop tools and training for fieldwork educators in this practice area. PARTICIPANTS: Occupational therapists with no experience in low vision rehabilitation participated in the pilot of the tools and training developed. METHOD: A literature review was completed in the areas of low vision rehabilitation and fieldwork education. Additional evidence was gathered for relevant…training modules, methods, and organizational training and development tools. A best-practice model for specialty Level II fieldwork in low vision rehabilitation was then developed for a partnering site. Best-practice was defined as the triangulation of the research evidence, consensus from a panel of occupational therapists with specialty certification in low vision (SCLV) and academic fieldwork coordinators, and feedback from the partnering site. RESULTS: After three training sessions, the occupational therapists were able to achieve entry-level practice using the model developed. CONCLUSION: While the model was not intended for training therapists it proved successful with the occupational therapists trained with it. Therefore, it is expected that an occupational therapy student, completing a third specialty placement in low vision rehabilitation, would achieve this status during the twelve-week fieldwork placement.