Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 40, issue 3
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: In this study a secondary data analysis was conducted using the Rehabilitation Services Administration's 911 dataset. The findings provide an update on the role of Vocational Rehabilitation in promoting participation in postsecondary education for individuals with intellectual disabilities, by providing data that focuses on youth with intellectual disabilities in comparison with youth with other disabilities, and by highlighting differences across states nationwide (i.e., postsecondary education status upon exiting the VR system). Overall, this study showed that state VR programs play an important role in assisting youth with intellectual disabilities to participate in postsecondary education, although to a lesser extent than…youth with other disabilities. Findings indicated that youth with intellectual disabilities were substantially less likely to participate in postsecondary education while in the VR system compared to youth with other disabilities, their participation varied substantially across states, and participation remained static, nationally, between 2006–2010, despite positive trends in several state VR programs.
Keywords: Postsecondary education, students with intellectual disability, state Vocational Rehabilitation programs, participation rates
Abstract: This article describes results of structured interviews with college students on the autism spectrum concerning their career planning experiences. Participants attended community colleges and/or universities in Virginia and ranged from freshmen through graduate school. Results describe four emerging themes based on students' knowledge of, and participation in, career related services and supports. These are choosing a major, using career centers, self-disclosure, and career related services and supports. Authors also sought to obtain students' perspectives on what information, services, and resources they need to better prepare for their careers.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, career planning, higher education, college students
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate educators' and employers' perspectives on general employability skills for individuals with and without disabilities. A total of 115 educators and 168 employers participated in the study by completing a survey. It was found that some employability skills are valued by both educators and employers for all entry-level employees, while noteworthy discrepancies existed between educators and employers with regard to their expectations for individuals with disabilities. Implications of these findings for school are discussed.
Keywords: Employability skills, individuals with disabilities, educators, employers, entry-level, transition
Abstract: Project SEARCH has been recognized nationally for its widely replicated employer-based job training model. In this article we describe the implementation of Project SEARCH in two rural areas of Virginia. Three student intern profiles are provided to illustrate how this on-the-employment site training model impacted the interns' lives. Rural culture, transportation and regional collaboration are described in the context of Project SEARCH.
Keywords: Special education, transition, employment, rural employment, rural culture
Abstract: Today's college environment requires knowledge and skill with a variety of learning technologies. Transition planning for students with disabilities addresses academic preparation with limited attention paid to teaching students to use emerging technologies or assistive technologies for learning. Transition assessment that includes learning and assistive technologies provides students with a better understanding of the impact of their disability in the college environment and how to advocate for appropriate accommodations based on this data. While assistive technologies are considered academic accommodations, emerging technologies which are universally designed for a broader range of users offer the opportunity to increase accessibility of information…technology. The availability of web based information and built in features opens doors for students to strengthen individual cognitive and functional skills necessary for college success. Access to these technologies affords individuals with disabilities the flexible, yet individualized means to communicate and engage in increasingly digital learning environments.
Abstract: Although outcomes for adults with disabilities are improving, many do not have the same quality of life experienced by their peers without disabilities; they are unemployed, underemployed, have frequent job changes, and may not enjoy friendships or social interactions. To diminish the gap between students with disabilities and their non-disabled peers demands career development and transition planning from high school to post school activities. Students with support from their families, contacts, schools, and agencies can plan, prepare, and organize reasonable and efficient connections to employment, education and independent living options. This article will guide the reader through (a) the history…and impact of career development, (b) a discussion about models of career development, (c) essential components and (d) how career development can be integrated into academic and community arenas. Finally, ideas for collaborative efforts that promote and enhance career development and transition are presented.
Keywords: Career development, transition planning, students with disabilities
Abstract: Youth with disabilities who come from culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) backgrounds have markedly poorer adult life transition outcomes compared to White youth with disabilities. This article explores the literature on transition outcomes of youth with disabilities who are White, Hispanic, and African American and argues that high numbers of CLD youth with disabilities are likely to be on the caseloads of transition services personnel now and in the future. Statistics from the U.S Census bureau are cited to substantiate this argument. Transition literature discussing challenges faced by CLD families and youth with disabilities is reviewed, along with practical and…useful suggestions on how to engage in more culturally responsive transition assessment, planning, and educational programming with this unique population.
Keywords: Youth with disabilities, culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD), transition, assessment, planning, educational programming
Abstract: The Virginia Department of Education's I'm Determined project is a statewide initiative designed to engage students with disabilities as early as elementary school to learn and demonstrate self-determined skills. This article will focus on information and suggested strategies to use with middle and high school students to assist in their transitions to become college and career ready.
Keywords: Self-determination, students with disabilities, transition, postsecondary education
Abstract: More often than not, the major secondary and post-school concerns for youth and young adults with disabilities relate to literacy challenges. These challenges include reading, writing, strategic learning, and self-regulatory behaviors. Even challenging behaviors and school drop-out concerns frequently connect to literacy. We believe that there exists interdependence between confidence in ones' literacy skills (self-efficacy) and performance (literacy achievement and motivation to be in school). This article describes an adolescent literacy and academic behavior self-efficacy survey and the validation of this survey as a reliable literacy efficacy assessment. The article describes practitioner uses of the Adolescent Literacy and Academic Behavior…Self-Efficacy Survey (ALAB) as an evaluation tool; ideas for building literacy self-efficacy are also offered and have been aligned with evidence-based practices. In addition, recommendations for future research connecting self-efficacy to desired transition outcomes are addressed.