Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 3, issue 1
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: This article reviews service delivery to American Indians through American Indian vocational rehabilitation projects. It also provides an example of one state agency's Indian outreach program. The authors suggest that professionals in the public vocational rehabilitation service system acknowledge the diversity between American Indian cultures and the majority culture in order to provide appropriate services and facilitate harmonious working relationships.
Abstract: Very little information exists in the rehabilitation literature that documents the level of participation of African Americans in the public vocational rehabilitation system. That which exists indicates that African Americans experience disability at a disproportionately higher rate than other individuals in the general population. In addition, they also experience “severe disabling conditions” at a much higher level. The literature also indicates that their success rate in the public vocational rehabilitation system is lower than their non-African American counterparts. An overview of the literature is provided along with recommendations for enhancing effective vocational rehabilitation services to African Americans with disabilities.
Abstract: This study presents exploratory, descriptive data from the Rehabilitation Services Administration for fiscal year 1989 for the purpose of identifying and exploring the experience of people of Hispanic origin with disabilities in state1ederal vocational rehabilitation service delivery systems in the United States and its territories. Included is a demographic description of the Hispanic population, a review of the rehabilitation literature on racial/ethnic groups with emphasis on Hispanics, and information on estimates of disability prevalence among people of Hispanic origin. This study identifies and describes selected characteristics of Hispanics who applied for and/or participated in the vocational rehabilitation system. A “Hispanic…origin” region was identified that accounted for 89% of the rehabilitation data on Hispanics. This region consisted of nine states (i. e., California, Texas, New York, New Jersey, Illinois, Arizona, New Mexico, Florida, and Colorado) and the island of Puerto Rico. It was estimated that there could conceivably be over two million Hispanic-origin people with disabilities in the United States. However, in fiscal year 1989, the state1ederal rehabilitation system rehabilitated only 17,454 Hispanic-origin people. This study raises the following questions: How can the system reach the potential pool of Hispanic-origin people with disabilities who require services? What services will they require? What factors predict successful or unsuccessful rehabilitation of those Hispanic-origin people with disabilities who do reach the system? The need for further research is emphasized and recommended.
Abstract: The inability of rehabilitation counseling students and professionals to serve ethnic minority clients is a problem that is receiving more attention. It has been suggested that limitations in cross-cultural competence of rehabilitation workers may partly account for observed differences both in rehabilitation service delivery patterns as well as rehabilitation outcomes for minority clients. Limitations of the state-federal rehabilitation program in serving minority clients are briefly summarized. Possible solutions to the limitations are also listed. Training strategies designed to develop culturally competent rehabilitation workers are discussed.
Abstract: Providing students with disabilities with a smooth and effective transition from school to work and adult living has become a major priority of this country. As currently conceived, transition implicitly assumes that youth with disabilities will become employed or seek additional education, move away from their parent's domicile, and engage in other behaviors of emancipation. This view of transition is based largely on the traditional activities in which Anglo middle class young adults engage as they leave high school. This study is based on a recent interview survey of 40 youths. Using a 2×2 factorial design, this study was designed…to determine the interactive effects of culture (Anglo and Hispanic) and disability (disabled and nondisabled) on youths' perspectives on the adequacy of their high school preparation and their goals and aspirations for the transition years. The results of these interviews have significant implications for transition planning among Hispanic and minority youth.
Abstract: Two books are reviewed for this issue. Both books are ones that you will want to read and reread to discover new connections with your work. The first review pertains directly to the theme of this issue and is written by Alex Kotlowitz. He allows each of us to relive his experiences of living with a family in the Henry Horner Projects of Chicago. There, he befriends two brothers and chronicles their lives over a 2;1 year period of time. The second review is a book of wisdom and insights that each and every reader should have on their shelf…as a daily reminder of the real purpose for the supports we provide to individuals with disabilities. Team members of Options in Community Living are to be congratulated on sharing their stories.