Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 11, issue 1
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: The involvement of the United States in international rehabilitation efforts has been uneven. This is especially evident in the recent past as the focus of American efforts has been domestic. Yet national boundaries are increasingly becoming dismantled suggesting the need for a more global rehabilitation effort. There are many reasons for the United States to become a leader and a major player including a moral obligation and self-interest as well.
Keywords: International rehabilitation, Global approach
Abstract: Although both geographically isolated and lightly populated, New Zealand provides its citizens with vocational rehabilitation services of internationally quality. Recent restructuring of public agencies have enabled service funders and service providers to be clearly delineated toward more appropriate and effective outcomes for consumers of rehabilitation and disability services. A number of structural and organizational issues arc discussed and a description of some typical services provided. Ongoing consultations and appropriately targeted and funded research are suggested as important future strategies to maintain quality services in New Zealand.
Keywords: Vocational rehabilitation, Disability services, New Zealand
Abstract: This article reviews the social history of vocational rehabilitation in Zimbabwe as developments from the inside or the outside. The reviews take into account indigenous approaches to employment and occupation, missionary and colonial legacies, the post-colonial period, and examples of recent African developments as parts of the complex picture of vocational rehabilitation. Both inside and outside forces are marking the current situation. For consideration for further study and development are the impact of migration, the impact of colonial legacy, and the phenomenon of begging. The article concludes with raising the need of a platform to discuss vocational rehabilitation and disability…issues related to Africa.
Keywords: Zimbabwe, Indigenous development, Missionary and colonial legacies, Independence, International aid, Informal sector, Migration, Begging
Abstract: Community-based rehabilitation in the Philippines using self-employment or income generation projects is an example of rehabilitation practiced in many developing countries. Bacolod is located on the island of Negros a few hundred miles south of Manila. This article utilizes a number of individual examples of persons with disabilities becoming self-employed able to generate their own income through a community-based model of rehabilitation. While seemingly small and trivial by western standards, these descriptions of successful outcome suggest the need to understand the local socioeconomic context of rehabilitation. The end results of this program are individuals with disabilities being productive and valued…for their contributions to society.
Keywords: Community-based rehabilitation, Income generation, Self-employment
Abstract: This article introduces Japanese vocational rehabilitation programs, and discusses the problem about the current service delivery system by the two ministries, the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Health and Welfare. It generally describes the Employment Promotion Law for the Disabled, vocational rehabilitation services by the Ministry of Labor, roles of the Vocational Counselors for the Disabled and that of the social workers across various employment settings. A case illustration and the recent activities in the field are presented. Specifically, the ‘Third Sector Project’ for the employment of persons with severe disability, and the collaboration effort by the ‘Community…Workshops’ and the Vocational Centers for the Disabled, are introduced with examples. Lastly, the article discusses the current issues and suggests some future implications for vocational rehabilitation in Japan.
Keywords: Japan, Vocational rehabilitation, Labor, Health and welfare, Rehabilitation services
Abstract: Researchers from the American Indian Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (AIRRTC) have spent over a decade documenting the needs of American Indians with disabilities on a nationwide basis. In the past 5 years, AIRRTC research has been focused at the local community level, and has included American Indians with disabilities throughout the research via a participatory research process – from involvement in the design of the project, to instrument development, to data collection, to dissemination. Due to a supplemental grant that was awarded to the AIRRTC in 1994, researchers had the opportunity to extend the program of research and to…share successful research strategies with Native Indian people in a country with which the US shares its southern border – Mexico. This international research effort was conducted in collaboration with Acceso Libre (Free Access), a consumer-initiated and consumer-driven organization serving people with disabilities in the state of Oaxaca. It is anticipated that such sharing of resources and information will benefit rehabilitation personnel in the US by highlighting the need for culturally-sensitive rehabilitation intervention with indigenous people.
Keywords: Indigenous people with disabilities, Mexico, Rehabilitation, Participatory research, Cultural sensitivity
Abstract: The professional development of rehabilitation personnel is critical for maximizing the successful vocational rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. Professionalization and credentialing of rehabilitation personnel have been significant issues in Korea. Planning and education of vocational evaluators and rehabilitation counsellors at a national level are necessitated by an increase in the size of rehabilitation facilities and agencies. This paper reviews rehabilitation education programs, curriculum, and current structure and situations of vocational rehabilitation service delivery.
Keywords: Service delivery, Manpower, Quality of services, Credentialing, Employment training
Abstract: A pilot survey was conducted to determine the types of communication factors that contribute to vocational adaptation of the hearing-impaired in Metro Manila. The subjects were 40 hearing-impaired workers (20 males, 20 females; age: 21–46) who had graduated from The Philippine School for the Deaf (PSD) between 1968 and 1992. The score of subjective vocational satisfaction (SSVS) was assessed by the two-point scale method as an indicator of vocational adaptation. As a result, ‘satisfaction of overall communication’, ‘communication modality used by the hearing-impaired’, communication modality used by the hearing co-workers', ‘understanding of messages by the hearing-impaired’, and ‘use of hearing…aids’ were associated with SSVS.
Keywords: Hearing disorders, Deafness, Vocational adaptation, Vocational satisfaction, Communication at work place, The Philippines
Abstract: Supported Employment for people with severe disabilities has resulted in wage and economic outcomes more than triple the wages in segregated settings. Furthermore, supported employees realize far better integration outcomes than their counterparts in segregated settings. Nonetheless, the average supported employment earnings are US$464.00 per person per month, well below the poverty line. The purpose of this paper is to describe a new demonstration of the capabilities of people with severe disabilities in the work place. This paper describes an effort that has resulted in 55 jobs in a single organizational structure, a County government. The wage and benefit outcomes…are nearly three times the outcomes of supported employment nationally. These employees with disabilities, who are similar in disability labels and severity of disability to national figures, also receive full employment benefits and have worked an average of nearly 3 years. The results are discussed in the context of the key features that might be replicated in the ongoing implementation of supported employment.
Keywords: Supported employment, Public policy and employment, Severe disabilities and employment