Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Volume 36, issue 2
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Impact Factor 2022: 1.456
Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation is a journal whose main focus is to present relevant information about the interdisciplinary approach to musculoskeletal rehabilitation for clinicians who treat patients with back and musculoskeletal pain complaints. It will provide readers with both 1) a general fund of knowledge on the assessment and management of specific problems and 2) new information considered to be state-of-the-art in the field. The intended audience is multidisciplinary as well as multi-specialty.
In each issue clinicians can find information which they can use in their patient setting the very next day. Manuscripts are provided from a range of health care providers including those in physical medicine, orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, neurosurgery, physical therapy, radiology, osteopathy, chiropractic and nursing on topics ranging from chronic pain to sports medicine. Diagnostic decision trees and treatment algorithms are encouraged in each manuscript. Controversial topics are discussed in commentaries and rebuttals. Associated areas such as medical-legal, worker's compensation and practice guidelines are included.
The journal publishes original research papers, review articles, programme descriptions and cast studies. Letters to the editors, commentaries, and editorials are also welcomed. Manuscripts are peer reviewed. Constructive critiques are given to each author. Suggestions for thematic issues and proposed manuscripts are welcomed.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are musculoskeletal conditions involving masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints. Bibliometric analysis has been introduced as a new method for collecting and analyzing information on scientific articles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 50 most cited articles on TMD, performing a bibliometric analysis of the identified papers to favor research and clinical practice. METHODS: On December 17, 2021 a systematic research was performed to find all papers on TMD published in the literature. The Incites Journal Citation Reports dataset and Scopus database was used to obtain…bibliometric indexes of the authors and metrics data of the journals, including Impact Factor, Eigenfactor Score, and Normalized Eigenfactor. VOSviewer was used to visualize the keyword mapping networking, with the nodes standing for keywords and the edges for keyword relationships. RESULTS: Out of 24372 papers obtained by the search strategy, the 50 most cited articles on TMD were analyzed. The paper with the highest number of citations (n = 3020) was on TMD research diagnostic criteria. Rate of citations per year collected by the 50 most cited articles on TMD has been increasing over time (from 627 in 2006 to 1483 in 2021). Most of them were cross-sectional studies (n = 20; 40.0%) and narrative reviews (n = 14; 28.0%). CONCLUSION: This bibliometric study showed an increasing number of citations for articles on TMD, testifying a high interest in the last years. Starting from this analysis, future studies might provide high-quality evidence on TMD management.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis often leads to chronic pain that frequently becomes disabling.Osteoarthritis has been linked to maladaptive plasticity in the brain, which can contribute to chronic pain. Therapies including neuromodulation and peripheral electrical stimulation are used to counteract the maladaptive plasticity of the brain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of the addition of tDCS and TENS to an education and exercise program in reducing pain. METHODS: Over a 2-week study period, 60 participants will complete an exercise and educational intervention. Eligible participants accepting to participate will be subsequently randomized into one of the…three treatment groups: 1) Active Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and active Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS); 2) Active tDCS and sham TENS; 3) Sham tDCS and sham TENS. RESULTS: The primary outcome will be subjective pain intensity. Secondary outcomes: quality of life, physical function, central sensitization, and pain adjuvants (uncertainty, catastrophizing kinesiophobia, adverse events). CONCLUSION: This clinical trial will provide data on the effect that the addition of tDCS and/or TENS to an education and exercise program may have to counteract maladaptive plastic changes and improve the benefits of exercises, and whether the combination of both neuromodulator techniques may have a higher magnitude of effect.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Early complications after arthroplasty for geriatric femoral neck fractures are known to negatively affect postoperative recovery and increase postoperative mortality. Identifying risk factors associated with early complications after arthroplasty may offer an opportunity to address and prevent these complications in many patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate preoperative risk factors for early complications after arthroplasty in elderly patients with a femoral neck fracture. METHODS: 119 elderly patients with femoral neck fractures who had been treated with arthroplasty (hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty) between December 2015 and December 2018 were retrospectively analysed. Early complications were defined…as any complications that did not exist preoperatively, and occurred during hospital stay after arthroplasty Preoperative clinical, epidemiological and laboratory data were collected. Binary univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis were applied to identify predictors of early complications after arthroplasty for geriatric femoral neck fractures. RESULTS: Median age of all patients was 80.0 (IQR 74.0–84.0) years. We identified 28 (23.5%) early complications after arthroplasty. Univariable logistic regression analysis found that preoperative body mass index (BMI p = 0.031), C-reactive protein (CRP p = 0.017) and serum Albumin (p = 0.006) were potential risk factors for early complications. Then preoperative BMI, CRP and serum Albumin were stratified and used for multivariable logistic regression analysis The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative higher BMI (⩾ 28 kg/m 2 ; OR 10.440; 95% CI 2.674–41.170; p = 0.001) and lower serum Albumin (⩽ 35 g/L; OR 3.933; 95% CI 1.509–10.800; p = 0.006) were independent risk factors for early complications after arthroplasty in geriatric femoral neck fractures. However, preoperative higher CRP levels (> 10 mg/L; OR 1.139; 95% CI 1034–1428; p = 0.833) was found to be not an independent risk factor for early complications. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that obesity and hypoalbuminemia are independent predictors for early complications during hospital stay after arthroplasty, which should be meticulously noted to minimize these risk factors in geriatric femoral neck fractures.
Keywords: Femoral neck fracture, geriatric, early complication, risk factor, arthroplasty
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Accuracy of blind intra-articular injections for the shoulder is rather low. It is unclear whether accurate injections for capsulitis of the shoulder are more effective than inaccurate injections. OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesized that a squishing sound following an intra-articular injection with a mixture of air and fluid means that the injection was accurately placed and that the efficacy of accurately placed injections is greater than that of inaccurate injections. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that a squishing sound following an injection predicts a better clinical result.…METHODS: Files were selected of patients with capsulitis of the shoulder, who were treated with an intra-articular injection containing a mixture of triamcinolone, lidocaine, and air. After the injection, the shoulder was moved to determine whether a squishing sound could be produced. Efficacy was measured after two weeks according to the Patient Global Impression of Change scale. Differences in efficacy between injections with and without a squishing sound were expressed as an odds ratio. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were selected. Squishing was heard after 47 injections (77%). Two weeks after the injection, a positive outcome was reported by 49 patients (80%). When squishing was heard, the effect was positive in 42 of the 47 patients (89%) and when no squishing was heard, the effect was positive in 7 of the 14 patients (50%). The odds ratio was 8.4 (95% CI 2.1–34.0; p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Efficacy of injections with a mixture of triamcinolone, lidocaine, and air for capsulitis of the shoulder is significantly greater when a squishing sound was heard after the injection. We hypothesize that squishing is related to accuracy and accuracy to efficacy. A future study with X-ray arthrography is needed to verify both hypotheses.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: According to reports in the literature, osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) is associated with paraspinal muscle degeneration; however, the association between the severity of OVCF and paraspinal muscle degeneration is not clear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between paraspinal muscle degeneration and OVCF severity in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-six MRI images from 47 patients were collected and analyzed. Sagittal and axial coronal T2-weighted images were used to measure the fractured vertebra sagittal cross-sectional area (FSCSA), the adjacent normal vertebral body sagittal cross-sectional area…(NSCSA), paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), and the fat cross-sectional area (FCSA). The ratio of fractured vertebra compressed sagittal cross-sectional area (RCSA) and fatty infiltration ratio (FIR) was subsequently calculated. The formulas for RCSA and FIR calculations are as follows: RCSA = (NSCSA-FSCSA)/NSCSA; FIR = FCSA/CSA. RCSA and FIR represent the severity of OVCF and paraspinal muscle degeneration, respectively. RESULTS: The correlation between paraspinal muscle degeneration and OVCF severity was analyzed using the Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analysis was performed to explore related risk factors. OVCF severity was closely associated with paraspinal muscle degeneration (L3/4 FIR r = 0.704, P < 0.05; L4/5 FIR r = 0.578, P < 0.05; L5/S1 FIR r = 0.581, P < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factor for OVCF severity was L3/4 FIR (β = 0.421, P = 0.033). CONCLUSION: OVCF severity was associated with the FIR of paraspinal muscles, and L3/4 FIR was a predictive factor for OVCF severity in postmenopausal women.
Keywords: Osteoporosis, vertebral fracture, paraspinal muscle, fatty infiltration, postmenopausal women
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In 2020, a revised version of the International IFOMPT Cervical Framework was published. This framework provides both physical therapists and educators the necessary information to guide the assessment of the cervical spine region for potential vascular pathologies of the neck in advance of planned Orthopaedic Manual Therapy (OMT) interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a framework flowchart which is useful in clinical practice and education to assist physical therapists to improve the safety of OMT, and apply this in a case report. METHODS: The framework was developed in co-creation with manual…therapy experts, researchers, educators in manual therapy, patients, medical specialists and the Manual Therapy Association in The Netherlands and Belgium. Manual therapists and patients tested the framework for intelligibility and usefulness. RESULTS: A framework flowchart is developed and presented, that is easy to use in both clinical practice and education. It is a visual representation of the sequence of steps and decisions needed during the process. A case description of a patient with neck pain and headache is added to illustrate the clinical usefulness of the framework flowchart. CONCLUSION: The framework flowchart helps physical therapists in their clinical reasoning to provide safe OMT interventions.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Posterior approach pedicle screw fixation without fusion is widely used in the treatment of neurologically intact type A3 thoracolumbar fractures. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of the facet joint (FJ) angle on FJ degeneration following posterior approach pedicle screw fixation without fusion in neurologically intact type A3 thoracolumbar fractures. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients who underwent pedicle screw fixation via the traditional posterior approach (n = 28) or the Wiltse approach (n = 30) were enrolled. A CT scan was performed before fixation and…before fixation removal (Within 1.5 to 2 years after fixation) to evaluate the FJs parameters, including FJ inclination (FJI), FJ tropism (FJT), FJ violation, and FJ degeneration grade (FJDG), of three fixed segments and the adjacent segment below the fixed segments. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in FJ violation rate, FJDG deterioration, or FJ angle between the two groups (P > 0.05). FJDG deterioration showed a weak positive correlation with FJI and FJT before fixation, and the angular change in FJI (P < 0.05); and FJT before fixation and the angular change in FJI were risk factors for FJDG deterioration (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The Wiltse approach did not increase the rate of FJDG deterioration and FJs angle changes. However, the FJT before fixation and the angular change in FJI were risk factors for FJDG deterioration.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Shoulder disability is a common problem following neck dissection. Even if nerve structures are preserved, this may occur after the surgery. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to research changes in rotator cuff and scapular muscles strength, and scapular muscle endurance after neck dissection in patients with head and neck cancer. The secondary aim was to investigate the relationship between these changes and postoperative shoulder function. METHODS: This cross-sectional and prospective follow-up study included 14 patients who underwent neck dissection (9 unilateral and 5 bilateral). Evaluations were performed preoperatively and at 3 months postoperatively. Muscle strength measurements,…including trapezius, serratus anterior, and rotator cuff muscles, were obtained using a handheld dynamometer. The scapular muscle endurance test was used for muscle endurance assessment. Postoperative shoulder function was evaluated using Constant-Murley shoulder score. RESULTS: A decrease in muscle strength and the scapular muscle endurance test was found at 3 months postoperatively, except for the subscapularis muscle strength (p < 0.05). There were moderate to strong correlations between Constant-Murley shoulder score and percentage changes in muscle strength and the scapular muscle endurance test, except for the upper trapezius muscle strength (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Muscle strength and scapular muscle endurance may reduce following neck dissection. These reductions are associated with postoperative shoulder function. Thus, muscle strength and endurance training may be beneficial for early postoperative rehabilitation in patients with head and neck cancer.
Keywords: Shoulder, dysfunction, muscles, neck dissection, head and neck cancer
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic disease that causes widespread pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbance. There is still no effective definitive treatment method; therefore, the search for treatment continues. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of ozone therapy (OT), which has been used in FM treatment in recent years, as an additional treatment. METHODS: The patients were divided into OT (n = 26) and placebo control (PC) (n = 28) groups. Both groups received OT in the form…of major autohemotherapy (MaAHT) and minor autohemotherapy (MiAHT) for two sessions per week for a total of 10 sessions. The fibromyalgia impact questionnaire (FIQ), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), and 12-item short-form health survey (SF-12) were used for evaluation pre- and post-intervention. RESULTS: In the between-group comparison, the OT group showed significant post-treatment improvements in FIQ subscales (feel good, fatigue) and PSQI total score and subscales (subjective sleep quality, sleep latency and sleep disturbances) compared to the PC group (p < 0.05). Although there were improvements in the FIQ total score post-treatment in both groups, there was no significant difference between the groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: OT, which is applied as an additional treatment with the autohemotherapy method, simultaneously improves the subscale scores (feel good and fatigue) of FM and sleep quality in the treatment period. However, changes in the post-treatment FIQ total score were not different in the ozone therapy group from the placebo control group.
Keywords: Autohemotherapy, fibromyalgia, ozone, quality of life, sleep