Purchase individual online access for 1 year to this journal.
Price: EUR N/A
ISSN 1386-6338 (P)
ISSN 1434-3207 (E)
In Silico Biology is a scientific research journal for the advancement of computational models and simulations applied to complex biological phenomena. We publish peer-reviewed leading-edge biological, biomedical and biotechnological research in which computer-based (i.e.,
) modeling and analysis tools are developed and utilized to predict and elucidate dynamics of biological systems, their design and control, and their evolution. Experimental support may also be provided to support the computational analyses.
In Silico Biology aims to advance the knowledge of the principles of organization of living systems. We strive to provide computational frameworks for understanding how observable biological properties arise from complex systems. In particular, we seek for integrative formalisms to decipher cross-talks underlying systems level properties, ultimate aim of multi-scale models.
Studies published in
In Silico Biology generally use theoretical models and computational analysis to gain quantitative insights into regulatory processes and networks, cell physiology and morphology, tissue dynamics and organ systems. Special areas of interest include signal transduction and information processing, gene expression and gene regulatory networks, metabolism, proliferation, differentiation and morphogenesis, among others, and the use of multi-scale modeling to connect molecular and cellular systems to the level of organisms and populations.
In Silico Biology also publishes foundational research in which novel algorithms are developed to facilitate modeling and simulations. Such research must demonstrate application to a concrete biological problem.
In Silico Biology frequently publishes special issues on seminal topics and trends. Special issues are handled by Special Issue Editors appointed by the Editor-in-Chief. Proposals for special issues should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief.
About In Silico Biology
is a pendant to
(in the living system) and
(in the test tube) biological experiments, and implies the gain of insights by computer-based simulations and model analyses.
In Silico Biology (ISB) was founded in 1998 as a purely online journal. IOS Press became the publisher of the printed journal shortly after. Today, ISB is dedicated exclusively to biological systems modeling and multi-scale simulations and is published solely by IOS Press. The previous online publisher, Bioinformation Systems, maintains a website containing studies published between 1998 and 2010 for archival purposes.
We strongly support open communications and encourage researchers to share results and preliminary data with the community. Therefore, results and preliminary data made public through conference presentations, conference proceeding or posting of unrefereed manuscripts on preprint servers will not prohibit publication in ISB. However, authors are required to modify a preprint to include the journal reference (including DOI), and a link to the published article on the ISB website upon publication.
Abstract: The number of large-scale experimental datasets generated from high-throughput technologies has grown rapidly. Biological knowledge resources such as the Gene Ontology Annotation (GOA) database, which provides high-quality functional annotation to proteins within the UniProt Knowledgebase, can play an important role in the analysis of such data. The integration of GOA with analytical tools has proved to aid the clustering, annotation and biological interpretation of such large expression datasets. GOA is also useful…in the development and validation of automated annotation tools, in particular text-mining systems. The increasing interest in GOA highlights the great potential of this freely available resource to assist both the biological research and bioinformatics communities.
Keywords: gene ontology, annotation, data analysis
Abstract: With the exponentially increasing amount of information in the biomedical field, the significance of advanced information retrieval and information extraction, as well as the role of databases, has been increasing. PRIME is an integrated gene/protein informatics database based on natural language processing. It provides automatically extracted protein/family/gene/compound interaction information including both physical and genetic interactions, gene ontology based functions, and graphic pathway viewers. Gene/protein/family names and functional terms are recognized based on…dictionaries developed in our laboratory. The interaction and functional information are extracted by syntactic dependencies and various phrase patterns. We have included about 920,000 (non-redundant) protein interactions and 360,000 annotated gene-function relationships for major eukaryotes. By combining the sequence and text information, the pathway comparison between two organisms and simple pathway deduction based on other organism interaction data, and pathway filtering using tissue expression data, are also available. This database is accessible at http://prime.ontology.ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp:8081.
Keywords: protein interaction, biological process, pathway database, natural language processing
Abstract: This paper presents an approach using syntactosemantic rules for the extraction of relational information from biomedical abstracts. The results show that by overcoming the hurdle of technical terminology, high precision results can be achieved. From abstracts related to baker's yeast, we manage to extract a regulatory network comprised of 441 pairwise relations from 58,664 abstracts with an accuracy of 83–90%. To achieve this, we made use of a resource of gene/protein names considerably larger than those…used in most other biology related information extraction approaches. This list of names was included in the lexicon of our retrained partof- speech tagger for use on molecular biology abstracts. For the domain in question an accuracy of 93.6–97.7% was attained on Part-of-speech-tags. The method can be easily adapted to other organisms than yeast, allowing us to extract many more biologically relevant relations. The main reason for the comparable precision rates is the ontological model that was built beforehand and served as a guiding force for the manual coding of the syntactosemantic rules. Preliminary results on journal articles from PubMed Central suggest that our rule set performs with equal accuracy when applied to full text rather than abstracts.
Keywords: ontologies, information extraction, bionlp, natural language processing
Abstract: The structure of a closely integrated data warehouse is described that is designed to link different types and varying numbers of biological networks, sequence analysis methods and experimental results such as those coming from microarrays. The data schema is inspired by a combination of graph based methods and generalised data structures and makes use of ontologies and meta-data. The core idea is to consider and store biological networks as graphs, and to use generalised data structures…(GDS) for the storage of further relevant information. This is possible because many biological networks can be stored as graphs: protein interactions, signal transduction networks, metabolic pathways, gene regulatory networks etc. Nodes in biological graphs represent entities such as promoters, proteins, genes and transcripts whereas the edges of such graphs specify how the nodes are related. The semantics of the nodes and edges are defined using ontologies of node and relation types. Besides generic attributes that most biological entities possess (name, attribute description), further information is stored using generalised data structures. By directly linking to underlying sequences (exons, introns, promoters, amino acid sequences) in a systematic way, close interoperability to sequence analysis methods can be achieved. This approach allows us to store, query and update a wide variety of biological information in a way that is semantically compact without requiring changes at the database schema level when new kinds of biological information is added. We describe how this datawarehouse is being implemented by extending the text-mining framework ONDEX to link, support and complement different bioinformatics applications and research activities such as microarray analysis, sequence analysis and modelling/simulation of biological systems. The system is developed under the GPL license and can be downloaded from http://sourceforge.net/projects/ondex/
Keywords: graph database, ontology, Generalised Data Structures, semantic data integration
Abstract: IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® (http://imgt.cines.fr), was created in 1989 at Montpellier, France. IMGT is a high quality integrated knowledge resource specialized in immunoglobulins (IG), T cell receptors (TR), major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of human and other vertebrates, and related proteins of the immune system (RPI) which belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) and MHC superfamily (MhcSF). IMGT provides a common access to standardized data from genome, proteome, genetics and three-dimensional…structures. The accuracy and the consistency of IMGT data are based on IMGT-ONTOLOGY, a semantic specification of terms to be used in immunogenetics and immunoinformatics. IMGT-ONTOLOGY has been formalized using XML Schema (IMGT-ML) for interoperability with other information systems. We are developing Web services to automatically query IMGT databases and tools. This is the first step towards IMGT-Choreography which will trigger and coordinate dynamic interactions between IMGT Web services to process complex significant biological and clinical requests. IMGT-Choreography will further increase the IMGT leadership in immunogenetics and immunoinformatics for medical research (repertoire analysis of the IG antibody recognition sites and of the TR recognition sites in autoimmune and infectious diseases, AIDS, leukemias, lymphomas, myelomas), veterinary research (IG and TR repertoires in farm and wild life species), genome diversity and genome evolution studies of the adaptive immune responses, biotechnology related to antibody engineering (single chain Fragment variable (scFv), phage displays, combinatorial libraries, chimeric, humanized and human antibodies), diagnostics (detection and follow-up of residual diseases) and therapeutical approaches (grafts, immunotherapy, vaccinology). IMGT is freely available at http://imgt.cines.fr.
Keywords: IMGT, ontology, database, information system, knowledge resource, immunoinformatics, immunogenetics, antibody, immunoglobulin, T cell receptor, superfamily, MHC, HLA, Collier de Perles, three-dimensional, 3D structure, polymorphism, choreography, Web service, annotation
Abstract: CYTOMER® is a relational database of organs/tissues, cell types, physiological systems and developmental stages that currently focuses on the human system. From this database, we have derived an ontology for anatomical and morphological structures for the human organism which includes all embryonic stages and the cell types constituting these structures. The ontology has been transferred to the OWL format and is freely available for download at http://cytomer.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de.
Keywords: ontologies, human developmental stages, gene expression sources, relational database system, OWL, internet resource
Abstract: Since biomedical texts contain a wide variety of domain specific terms, building a large dictionary to perform term matching is of great relevance. However, due to the existence of null boundary between adjacent terms, this matching is not a trivial problem. Moreover, it is known that generative words cannot be comprehensively included in a dictionary because their possible variations are infinite. In this study, we report our approach to dictionary building and term matching in…biomedical texts. Large amount of terms with/without part-of-speech (POS) and/or category information were gathered, and a completion program generated ∼1.36 million term variants to avoid stemming problems when matching terms. The dictionary was stored in a relational database management system (RDBMS) for quick lookup, and used by a matching program. Since the matching operation is not restricted to a substring surrounded by space characters, we can avoid the problem of null boundaries. This feature is also useful for generative words. Experimental results on GENIA corpus are promising: nearly half of the possible terms were correctly recognized as a meaningful segment, and most of the remaining half could be correctly recognized by some post-processing process, like chunking and further decomposition. It should be remarked that although we have not used term cost, connectivity cost, or syntactic information, reasonable segmentation and dictionary lookup were performed in most cases.
Keywords: text processing, dictionary building, dictionary lookup and matching, sentence segmentation, term boundary