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Biorheology is an international interdisciplinary journal that publishes research on the deformation and flow properties of biological systems or materials. It is the aim of the editors and publishers of
Biorheology to bring together contributions from those working in various fields of biorheological research from all over the world. A diverse editorial board with broad international representation provides guidance and expertise in wide-ranging applications of rheological methods to biological systems and materials.
The aim of biorheological research is to determine and characterize the dynamics of physiological processes at all levels of organization. Manuscripts should report original theoretical and/or experimental research promoting the scientific and technological advances in a broad field that ranges from the rheology of macromolecules and macromolecular arrays to cell, tissue and organ rheology. In all these areas, the interrelationships of rheological properties of the systems or materials investigated and their structural and functional aspects are stressed.
The scope of papers solicited by
Biorheology extends to systems at different levels of organization that have never been studied before, or, if studied previously, have either never been analyzed in terms of their rheological properties or have not been studied from the point of view of the rheological matching between their structural and functional properties. This biorheological approach applies in particular to molecular studies where changes of physical properties and conformation are investigated without reference to how the process actually takes place, how the forces generated are matched to the properties of the structures and environment concerned, proper time scales, or what structures or strength of structures are required.
Biorheology invites papers in which such 'molecular biorheological' aspects, whether in animal or plant systems, are examined and discussed. While we emphasize the biorheology of physiological function in organs and systems, the biorheology of disease is of equal interest. Biorheological analyses of pathological processes and their clinical implications are encouraged, including basic clinical research on hemodynamics and hemorheology.
In keeping with the rapidly developing fields of mechanobiology and regenerative medicine,
Biorheology aims to include studies of the rheological aspects of these fields by focusing on the dynamics of mechanical stress formation and the response of biological materials at the molecular and cellular level resulting from fluid-solid interactions. With increasing focus on new applications of nanotechnology to biological systems, rheological studies of the behavior of biological materials in therapeutic or diagnostic medical devices operating at the micro and nano scales are most welcome.
Abstract: This study describes the in vivo measurement of pressure drop and flow during the cardiac cycle in the femoral artery of a dog, and the computer simulation of the experiment based on the use of the measured flow, vessel dimensions and blood viscosity. In view of the experimental uncertainty in obtaining the accurate velocity profile at the wall region, the velocity pulse at the center was measured and numerical calculations were performed for the center line instantaneous velocity and within the two limits of spatial distribution of inlet flow conditions: uniform and parabolic. Temporal and spatial variations of flow parameters,…i.e., velocity profile, shear rate, non-Newtonian viscosity, wall shear stress, and pressure drop were calculated. There existed both positive and negative shear rates during a pulse cycle, i.e., the arterial wall experiences zero shear three times during a cardiac cycle. For the parabolic inlet condition, the taper of the artery not only increased the magnitude of the positive and negative shear rates, but caused a steep gradient in shear rate, a phenomenon which in turn affects wall shear stress and pressure. In contrast, for the uniform inlet condition, the flow through the tapered artery was predominantly the developing type, which resulted in reduction in magnitude of wall shear rate along the axial direction.
Keywords: In vivo, non-Newtonian viscosity, velocity profile, shear rate, shear stress, pressure drop
vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 655-684, 1995