Affiliations: Delhi College of Engineering, Bawana Road, New
Delhi-110042, India. Tel.: +91 01127563421; E-mail:
[email protected] | Delhi College of Engineering, Bawana Road, New
Delhi-110042, India. Tel.: +91 0 9873007214; E-mail: [email protected]
Note:  Corresponding author
Abstract: Synthetic Biology is a field involving synthesis of novel biological
systems which are not generally found in nature. It has brought a new paradigm
in science as it has enabled scientists to create life from the scratch, hence
helping better understand the principles of biology. The viability of living
organisms that use unnatural molecules is also being explored. Unconventional
projects such as DNA playing tic-tac-toe, bacterial photographic film, etc. are
taking biology to its extremes. The field holds a promise for mass production
of cheap drugs and programming bacteria to seek-and-destroy tumors in the body.
However, the complexity of biological systems make the field a challenging one.
In addition to this, there are other major technical and ethical challenges
which need to be addressed before the field realizes its true potential.
Keywords: Synthetic biology, life engineering, bioengineering