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WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice.
WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.
Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship),
Sounding Board commentaries and
Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination.
Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board,
WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.
WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.
WORK celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015.
*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT)* *WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)* *WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*
Abstract: BACKGROUND: According to the 2015 National Academy of Medicine report, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) “is a serious, chronic, complex, and systemic disease that frequently and dramatically limits the activities of affected patients.” ME/CFS affects between 1 and 2.5 million Americans, leaving as many as 75% unable to work due to physical, cognitive and functional impairment. Unfortunately, many doctors and lawyers lack the knowledge of how to properly document an ME/CFS disability claim, leaving patients unable to access disability benefits. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to summarize the approaches used by experienced clinicians and lawyers in…successful ME/CFS disability claims. METHODS: The authors reviewed the types of US disability insurance programs and the evidence commonly required by these programs to demonstrate ME/CFS disability. RESULTS: This article summarizes the range of methods used in successful US disability claims, which include documentation of the functional impact of post-exertional malaise and the use of methods that provide objective evidence of impairment. CONCLUSIONS: Medical providers and lawyers can use these tested methods to obtain disability benefits for people with ME/CFS. Physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other specialists play an important role in providing objective evidence for ME/CFS disability claims.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) causes significant impairment in daily activities, including the ability to pursue daily activities. Chronotropic intolerance is becoming better characterized in ME/CFS and may be the target of supportive treatment. OBJECTIVE: To document the effect of repeated intravenous (IV) saline administration on cardiovascular functioning and symptoms in a 38-year old female with ME/CFS. METHODS: The patient received 1 L of 0.9% IV saline through a central line for a total of 675 days. Single CPETs were completed periodically to assess the effect of treatment on cardiopulmonary function at peak exertion and ventilatory…anaerobic threshold (VAT). An open-ended symptom questionnaire was used to assess subjective responses to CPET and self-reported recovery time. RESULTS: Improvements were noted in volume of oxygen consumed (VO2 ), heart rate (HR), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) at peak and VAT. Self-reported recovery time from CPET reduced from 5 days to 1–2 days by the end of treatment. The patient reported improved quality of life related, improved capacity for activities of daily living, and reduced symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: IV saline may promote beneficial effects for cardiopulmonary function and symptoms in people with ME/CFS, which should be the focus of formal study.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There is a growing trend around the globe for having more people working from home, particularly in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Although it is widely implemented in a number of countries and types of companies, it has shown to have multiple challenges. METHODS: In this article, we provide several recommendations on how to work from home, incorporating information from several publications. RESULTS: The suggestions are: create routines, be organized, have an adequate home office, enhance your productivity, be responsible, avoid extreme multitasking, facilitate communication and networking, be balanced, use available computer programs and platforms, be…creative with remote teaching, explore options for remote research and learn from the challenges. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations would help students, professors and researchers around the globe during the current COVID-19 pandemic, and beyond.
Keywords: Remote teaching, innovation, work environments, global health, education, COVID-19, pandemic
Abstract: Staying at home for the prevention of COVID-19 is an accepted fact. Office workers are a group of people, who had to wake up early in the morning and at least had a fixed pattern of sleeping and working. In this situation, complaints about the neck, shoulder and lower back tend to increase and this is a good time to learn and do some practical exercises at home. This letter presents some of the home-based exercise notes for prevention of musculoskeletal disorders among office workers, following the guidelines prepared by the American College of Sports Medicine.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Living and working with chronic pain requires persons to alter lifestyles and have the knowledge as well as support to manage unforeseen challenges. Knowledge for persons living with pain who want to participate in meaningful paid and unpaid work is not easily accessible. While there is literature on chronic pain management, work transitions and return to work, less emphasis has been placed on the complexity of living and working with chronic pain. The Creating a Way Forward Project was envisioned to address this gap and to identify the informational needs of workers with pain, health/helping professionals (workers’ advisors, return…to work specialists, legal representatives), and stakeholders. The overarching aim of the project was to use evidence and experiential knowledge to inform the development of a foundation for educational guides and toolkits to support workers with pain to achieve their outcomes for remaining at work. METHODS: Phase one of the project involved a scoping review of chronic pain and work. Phase two involved stakeholder consultations, a focus group and knowledge integration of the literature and experiential insights. Knowledge synthesis drew on a Template Analysis of multiple sources of data. RESULTS: Knowledge domains and key components were identified for persons with pain and for the health/helping professions. CONCLUSION: These domains reflect a foundation for knowledge in practical training and the development of curriculum for education in self-management program and in inter professional health profession education. These knowledge domains provide a basis for future research in integrated approaches and knowledge use toward improving transitions for persons living with chronic pain who want to participate in productive paid and unpaid work. Ongoing research in knowledge domains that health providers and persons with pain need will expand the potential for improving health outcomes in living with and managing pain.