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WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice.
WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.
Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship),
Sounding Board commentaries and
Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination.
Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board,
WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.
WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.
WORK celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015.
*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT)* *WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)* *WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The "Coffee Stands" project was developed to provide a work place where individuals with long term mental illness can receive job training within the community. It is similar to a supported employment program, except that it does not provide individual job placement services. The objective of the study was to describe the participants who worked at the "coffee stands", with respect to their participation in occupations, functional cognition, executive functions and awareness, perception of their…quality of life (QoL), satisfaction and self esteem. Moreover, the study aimed at examining whether changes occurred in these variables during the 6-month period in which participants worked at the coffee stands. METHODS: Participants included 44 people with chronic mental illness; 27 men and 17 women, mean age 43.43 (SD=9.02); mean years of education 11.81 (SD=1.83); mean age of illness onset 27.72 (SD=11.12) and mean number of hospitalizations 3.27 (SD=2.64). All signed an informed consent to participate in the study. A battery of eight instruments measuring the various variables was administered at two points in time; at the beginning of the work at the coffee stands and 6 months later. RESULTS: Indicated that the training was successful and that participants were able to maintain an average 3 hours of work daily, demonstrating an improvement in their perception of their ability to work. In the area of planning, they needed structure, suggesting some difficulties in executive functions, but they seemed to be aware of their difficulties. After 6 months, participants showed improvements in health related measures of QoL and satisfaction, but not in self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: The findings strengthen the premise that people coping with an emotional disorder place great importance on working, are able to work and derive satisfaction from their work.
Keywords: Mental health, schizophrenia, participation, supported employment, work
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inter-rater reliability of the Merkmalprofile zur Eingliederung Leistungsgewandelter und Behinderter in Arbeit (MELBA). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five young adults with psychosocial limitations. METHODS: The MELBA measures work ability in five themes: cognitive, social, work performance, psychomotor characteristics and cultural/technical communication, divided into 29 work-related items, which are assessed by work-related tasks and by observations during work performance. Two raters independently evaluated one participant during the same time/test and…independently assigned scores on 19~items out of 29. For this observational study the inter-rater reliability, expressed as the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), was calculated for every item. An ICC of at least 0.75 was considered as showing good reliability, below 0.75 was considered poor to moderate reliability. RESULTS: The ICC for six items was good: comprehension (0.81), attentiveness (0.84), problem solving (0.79), imagination (0.88), independence (0.79) and speed of reaction (1.0) showed good reliability. CONCLUSION: Especially the items of cognitive characteristics of the MELBA showed a good inter-rater reliability and can be used to measure work ability in people with psychosocial limitations.
Keywords: Work capacity assessment, intraclass correlation coefficient
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Ascertain whether Veterans Health Administration administrative medical center complexity ratings could be used to help identify potential sites for targeted nursing staff workplace violence intervention activities. PARTICIPANTS: VHA field nursing staff, classified among the nurse, practical nurse, and nursing assistant series, who administratively reported a grand total of 9,964 occupational assault incidents that occurred between October 1, 2003 and September 30, 2011. METHODS: Outcome measures were population-based standardized assault…incidence rates, as differentiated by fiscal year, medical facility complexity level, gender, and nursing staff occupation. Subgroup measures included age, highest educational attainment level, location of injury, body part most affected, day of week, and time of day. RESULTS: Across eight fiscal years, standardized incidence rates for reported assaults among females were 6.0 and 2.3 times higher for nursing assistants and practical nurses, respectively, as compared with nurses; for males, the corresponding rates for nursing assistants and practical nurses were 3.5 and 1.5 times higher, respectively. Across occupation and gender, standardized incidence rates for assaults were consistently higher among medium- and low-level facility complexity levels. Findings suggest that more attention is needed for ascertaining the potential role and functioning of facility-specific staff training for preventing assaultive behavior on VHA nursing staff.
Keywords: Workplace violence, occupational injuries, medical facility complexity ratings, violence/prevention and control, violence/statistics and numeric data
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of pre-accession physical fitness, as measured by a five-minute step test, with incidence of overuse injuries and outpatient healthcare utilization among male United States (US) Army recruits. PARTICIPANTS: US Army male trainees who met weight standards and took a pre-accession fitness test. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, incidence and outpatient healthcare visits for overuse injuries during the first 90 days of military service were compared between…recruits who failed the pre-accession step test with those who passed. RESULTS: The hazard rate ratio for injury among recruits who failed the fitness test compared to those who passed the test was 1.31 (95% C.I=1.20–1.44). Among the subset of recruits with at least one medical encounter for an overuse injury, the utilization rate ratio for subjects who failed the fitness test versus those who passed was 1.15 (95% C.I=1.09–1.22). Other factors associated with increased risk of injury or healthcare utilization include age, body mass index, and smoking history. CONCLUSIONS: Risk of injury and utilization were associated with fitness test results. These findings may have implications for military accession and training policy as well as for other physically demanding training programs such as police, fire fighters and athletes.
Keywords: Musculoskeletal injury, military, healthcare utilization, step test