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WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation is an interdisciplinary, international journal which publishes high quality peer-reviewed manuscripts covering the entire scope of the occupation of work. The journal's subtitle has been deliberately laid out: The first goal is the prevention of illness, injury, and disability. When this goal is not achievable, the attention focuses on assessment to design client-centered intervention, rehabilitation, treatment, or controls that use scientific evidence to support best practice.
WORK occasionally publishes thematic issues, but in general, issues cover a wide range of topics such as ergonomic considerations with children, youth and students, the challenges facing an aging workforce, workplace violence, injury management, performing artists, ergonomic product evaluations, and the awareness of the political, cultural, and environmental determinants of health related to work.
Dr. Karen Jacobs, the founding editor, and her editorial board especially encourage the publication of research studies, clinical practice, case study reports, as well as personal narratives and critical reflections of lived work experiences (autoethnographic/autobiographic scholarship),
Sounding Board commentaries and
Speaking of Research articles which provide the foundation for better understanding research to facilitate knowledge dissemination.
Narrative Reflections on Occupational Transitions, a new column, is for persons who have successfully transitioned into, between, or out of occupations to tell their stories in a narrative form. With an internationally renowned editorial board,
WORK maintains high standards in the evaluation and publication of manuscripts. All manuscripts are reviewed expeditiously and published in a timely manner.
WORK prides itself on being an author-friendly journal.
WORK celebrates its 25th anniversary in 2015.
*WORK is affiliated with the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists (CAOT)* *WORK is endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)* *WORK gives out the yearly Cheryl Bennett Best Paper Award*
Abstract: The article provides a rationale for according greater attention to the expectations of vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients. Based on counseling theory, rehabilitation philosophy, federal regulatory mandates, and counseling process and outcome studies, the authors' thesis is that an expectations-based approach to rehabilitation counseling will increase client involvement in all phases of the VR process.
Keywords: Assessment and planning, Client expectations, Consumer involvement
Abstract: This article describes assessment and career planning in programs using the clubhouse model of psychiatric rehabilitation and relates clubhouse practice to career development theory. Career development theory provides a useful framework to explain clubhouse assessment methodologies and the role of transitional employment in rehabilitation practice. This article also suggests practice improvements and areas for further research.
Keywords: Clubhouse model, Transitional employment, Assessment and planning, Psychiatric disability, Career development theory
Abstract: The article describes a concurrent prediction of Work Interference scores on the MMPI-2 with a sample (N = 82) of participants in a court-mandated residential substance abuse treatment facility. Anxiety and Low Self-Esteem were significantly related to Work Interference (R = 0.80, P < 0.0001). Implications for administrative policy, counseling practice, and future research are discussed.
Abstract: Research suggests that individuals with higher levels of self-efficacy and internal locus of control are more likely to engage in job search activities and persist for longer periods of time when faced with repeated failure when compared to individuals with low self-efficacy and external locus of control (Kulik and Rowland, J. Organization. Behav. 1989;10:361–367). This article will discuss how Bandura's (Psychol. Rev. 1977;84:191–214) self-efficacy theory and Rotter's (Psychol. Monogr.: Gen. Appl. 1966;80:1–27) locus of control theory can be applied to increase participation and persistence in job readiness training programs for people with disabilities. The authors will provide an overview of…those theories and then use a case example to illustrate how they can be used in the job readiness process.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Locus of control, Job readiness
Abstract: The article presents four case studies of employed women who have had breast cancer. Specifically, the authors examine respondents' career maintenance concerns in the areas of (a) worksite accessibility, (b) performance of essential job functions, (c) job mastery, and (d) job satisfaction. Post-employment strategies are presented to assist rehabilitation professionals in meeting the on-the-job needs of women with breast cancer.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Assessment and planning, Job retention, Reasonable accommodations
Abstract: Successful disability management practice is a systemic approach to vocational rehabilitation that begins with planning at the organizational level. A strategic planning format is used to outline the basic tenets of planning and, through its description, describe the unique approach to workplace intervention disability management has to offer. A case study is used to illustrate a simple application of planning steps of needs assessment, establishing goals and objectives, and developing disability management strategies.
Abstract: The article examines the current status and future directions of assessment and planning in vocational rehabilitation (VR). Major themes include (a) the increasing emphasis on consumer involvement, (b) career development as the ultimate goal of the VR process, (c) integrative assessment of the ‘whole’ person, (d) employers as partners in planning and service delivery, and (e) the expanding role of rehabilitation counselors in a highly diversified professional marketplace.
Keywords: Assessment and planning, Future trends, Vocational rehabilitation
Abstract: Child labor continues to present a serious health threat to millions of children worldwide. Not all work is detrimental to children, and under carefully controlled conditions can benefit them in terms of physical and intellectual development as well as make positive contributions to their financial status. Unfortunately, most situations where children are used as a labor force are not designed with the health of the laborers as a primary concern. This article will review the current status of child labor, present theories regarding the social, cultural and economic bases of the practice, discuss its health implications and finally, explore possible…solutions to this complex problem.
Keywords: Children's rights, Human rights, Child labor, Occupational therapy
Abstract: Ergonomics, in the traditional definition, is the science of design of work sites and work methods which influence production performance. In recent years, worker complaints and reports of injuries have caused evaluation of the effect of work stressors on workers. Currently, the rehabilitation specialist plays a pivotal role in both prevention and management of physical work related complaints. Rehabilitation ergonomic practitioners combine a scientific background in function and pathology with the act of developing preventive or restorative remedies. A volunteer group of sixteen rehabilitation professionals who utilize ergonomic principles in the workplace developed a document, identifying job functions of the…newly defined field. This paper presents philosophy and a model for educational development and potential credentialing areas for rehabilitation ergonomists.
Keywords: Ergonomics, Rehabilitation, Work sites, Cumulative trauma disorders, Pathology