Technology and Health Care - Volume Preprint, issue Preprint
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Technology and Health Care is intended to serve as a forum for the presentation of original articles and technical notes, observing rigorous scientific standards. Furthermore, upon invitation, reviews, tutorials, discussion papers and minisymposia are featured.
The following types of contributions and areas are considered:
1. Original articles:
Technology development in medicine: New concepts, procedures and devices associated with the use of technology in medical research and clinical practice are presented to a readership with a widespread background in engineering and/or medicine.
Significance of medical technology and informatics for healthcare: The appropriateness, efficacy and usefulness deriving from the application of engineering methods, devices and informatics in medicine and with respect to public health are discussed.
2. Technical notes:
Short communications on novel technical developments with relevance for clinical medicine.
3. Reviews and tutorials (upon invitation only):
Tutorial and educational articles for persons with a primarily medical background on principles of engineering with particular significance for biomedical applications and vice versa are presented.
4. Minisymposia (upon invitation only):
Under the leadership of a Special Editor, controversial issues relating to healthcare are highlighted and discussed by various authors.
Abstract: Different rehabilitation programs are used to relieve dyspnea for hyper-inflated lung patients. In this study, a new approach, based on integrated changes in respiratory rate and pattern, for inspiratory muscles rehabilitation and training was examined utilizing noninvasive measurements of the two inspiratory muscles (rib cage inspiratory and neck inspiratory muscles) activity during controlled breathing in healthy subjects. Muscles activity was measured using electromyography, while subjects, breathed at different combinations of respiratory rate (6, 10, 16 breath per minutes) and inspiratory duty cycles (TI/Ttot). The results clearly show that both muscles were most active at the lowest evaluated respiratory rate, and…that alteration of the duty cycle at the lowest rate significantly (p < 0.05) changes their electrical activity. Breathing at low respiratory rate RR is recommended for hyper-inflated lung patients in order to improve their gas exchange, therefore, it is recommended for these patients to find their most effective combination of RR and TI/Ttot and to use control breathing to practice their breath at optimum combination.
Abstract: This paper aims to analyze possible next generation of networked radio frequency identification (NGN-RFID) system for customer relationship management (CRM) in healthcare industries. Customer relationship and its management techniques in a specific healthcare industry are considered in this development. The key objective of using NGN-RFID scheme is to enhance the handling of patients’ data to improve the CRM efficiency in healthcare industries. The proposed NGN-RFID system is one of the valid points to improve the ability of CRM by analyzing different prior and current traditional approaches. The legacy of customer relationship management will be improved by using this modern NGN-RFID…technology without affecting the novelty.
Keywords: Next generation network, RFID, sensors, customer relationship management, e-Health
Abstract: Anatomical reduction and rigid fixation of acetabular posterior wall fractures extending to the acetabular roof proves challenging because of the big bony fragment and muscular obstruction to accessing this region. This report describes a novel reconstructive technique in a patient with an acetabular posterior wall fracture involving the acetabular roof. Both the standard Kocher-Langenbeck approach and a greater trochanter osteotomy technique were used. Following anatomical reduction, a dual arc-shaped reconstruction plate technique was employed to achieve rigid fixation. The patient recovered with satisfactory function at the injured hip. We recommend this dual arc-shaped reconstruction plate technique for the treatment of…acetabular posterior wall fractures extending to the acetabular roof in clinical practice.
Keywords: Acetabular fractures, posterior wall, two arc-shaped plates
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion surgery has become one of the most common spinal procedures during the recent years. Searching for an optimum structural stability of the vertebral interspace, surgical implants which can be inserted via a posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) approach have been enhanced recently. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of safety and efficacy of a novel PLIF polyetheretherketone (PEEK) interbody cage (TWIST) with an impactionless insertion technique. METHODS: Surgical outcome in 15 patients treated with the new system were observed preoperatively, one and three years after surgery using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), a Visual…Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and radiological outcome analysis of fusion success. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (7 female, 8 male) were included in the test series. After three years ODI and VAS were significantly improved. The pain intensity was reduced by more than 75% after one year and after 3 years, pain intensity was about 60% below the initial situation. The Oswestry values (ODI) improved significantly in all patients after 3 years. The fusion evaluation showed a fusion success in 87% of the patients. CONCLUSION: The clinical and radiological results of this first series give a positive standing and important information on the efficacy and safety over 3 years. The follow-up checks with imaging techniques showed that the fusions were very successful and functional outcome as well as pain reduction were increased.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Core stabilization plays an important role in the regulation of postural stability. To overcome shortcomings associated with pain and severe core instability during conventional core stabilization tests, we recently developed the dynamic neuromuscular stabilization-based heel sliding (DNS-HS) test. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of the novel DNS-HS test. METHOD: Twenty young adults with core instability completed both the bilateral straight leg lowering test (BSLLT) and DNS-HS test for the criterion validity study and repeated the DNS-HS test for the test-retest reliability study.…Criterion validity was determined by comparing hip joint angle data that were obtained from BSLLT and DNS-HS measures. The test-retest reliability was determined by comparing hip joint angle data. RESULTS: Criterion validity was (ICC 2 , 3 ) = 0.700 (p < 0.05), suggesting a good relationship between the two core stability measures. Test-retest reliability was (ICC 3 , 3 ) = 0.953 (p < 0.05), indicating excellent consistency between the repeated DNS-HS measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Criterion validity data demonstrated a good relationship between the gold standard BSLLT and DNS-HS core stability measures. Test-retest reliability data suggests that DNS-HS core stability was a reliable test for core stability. Clinically, the DNS-HS test is useful to objectively quantify core instability and allow early detection and evaluation.
Abstract: Knowledge of the pressure distribution around human thorax in blast help to understand the injury mechanisms and their assessment. To investigate the transmission mechanism of the pressure on human thorax in blast, a three dimension surface model of human thorax was constructed in this work. To increase the precious of this model, tetrahedron element division method was applied to transfer the rough 3D surface model to hexahedral elements model. Using this model, the high pressure duration was computationally solved using numerical simulation of the hexahedral elements. Simulation results showed that the apex of lungs was subjected to the largest stress…in a blast. In order to verify this result, an animal experiment was performed on a dog. The animal experimental results was shown to have a same variation tendency with the calculation results based on our numerical model of human thorax, which made this model reliable for the blast injury research.
Keywords: Finite element model, human thorax, blast injury, numerical simulation
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The acetabular component orientation during total hip arthroplasty (THA) impacts future hip function and early revision. Correcting pelvic obliquity may improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To correct pelvic obliquity in the lateral position by applying a gradienter and plumb during THA using fluoroscopy. METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing THA were randomized and divided into 2 groups. In controls, acetabular components were placed using traditional methods. In experimental patients, acetabular components were placed after correcting pelvic obliquity. We measured pelvic obliquity and recorded intra-operative and post-operative abduction angles, comparing abduction angle bias between post-operative measurements and…intra-operation estimations. RESULTS: Before correction, the average pelvic obliquity was - 1.647 ∘ ± 4.512 ∘ in experimental patients. The average abduction angle in experimental patients was 42.685 ∘ ± 3.355 ∘ postoperatively, differing by 1.962 ∘ ± 1.515 ∘ from intra-operative estimates, while in control patients, it was 44.534 ∘ ± 4.844 ∘ postoperatively, differing by 4.244 ∘ ± 3.042 ∘ from intra-operative estimates. The bias of the abduction angle was much greater in control than in experimental patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The pelvic obliquity in the lateral position affects surgeon judgment during THA. By correcting pelvic obliquity with a gradienter and plumb, the abduction angle bias can be reduced.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as one of the most common neurological disorders in children and adolescents, is characterized by decentralization, slow learning, distraction and hyperactivity. Studies have shown that in addition to medication, neurofeedback training can also be used to partially control the brain activity of these patients. METHODS: In this study, using the brain signals processing before and after the treatment in 10 children treated by neurofeedback, the changes were evaluated by non-parametric statistical analysis and impact of neurofeedback on brain frequency bands was investigated. Finally, the results were compared with the protocols introduced in…this paper and before researches. RESULTS: The results of Kruskal-Wallis test showed an approximately significant increase in the relative power of gamma and an approximately significant reduction in the ratio of relative power of alpha/beta. CONCLUSIONS: It represents the emotional response, elicited by the successful learning and diminished ratio of slow learning to active learning respectively.
Keywords: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Electroencephalography, Kruskal-Wallis test, neurofeedback, power spectral density
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND OBJETIVE: A stroke patient with hemiplegic gait is generally described as being slow and asymmetric. Body weight-supported treadmill training and backward gait training are recent additions to therapeutic gait trainings that may help improve gait in stroke patient with hemiplegic gait. Therefore, we examined the effect of progressive backward body weight-supported treadmill training on gait in chronic stroke patients with hemiplegic gait. METHODS: Thirty subjects were divided to the experimental and control groups. The experimental group consisted of 15 patients and underwent progressive backward body weight-supported treadmill training. The control group consisted of 15…patients and underwent general treadmill gait training five times per week, for a total of four weeks. The OptoGait was used to analyze gait kinematics, and the dynamic gait index (DGI) and results of the 6-minute walk test were used as the clinical evaluation indicators. A follow-up test was carried out four weeks later to examine persistence of exercise effects. RESULTS: The experimental group showed statistically significant results in all dependent variables week four compared to the control group. However, until the eighth week, only the dependent variables, of affected step length (ASL), stride length (SL), and DGI differed significantly between the two groups. CONCLUSION: This study verified that progressive bodyweight-supported treadmill training had a positive influence on the temporospatial characteristics of gait and clinical gait evaluation index in chronic stroke patients.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Plain radiography, 2-dimensional (2D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) do not precisely display morphology and acetabular coverage in developmental dysplasia of the hip or pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement. Pelvic position and pelvic tilt affect assessment of the acetabular parameters, leading to misinterpretation. OBJECTIVE: We tested a 3-dimensional (3D) CT evaluation script to calculate the crossover sign (COS), acetabular coverage and morphology. METHODS: To test the method, we constructed a phantom pelvic model, in which the acetabulum was mounted at different coverages of the femoral head, and simulated a COS and…the acetabular morphology. Additionally we examined the reliability and objectivity of this method in ten patients with CT scans of the pelvis for conditions unrelated to hip disorders. RESULTS: We obtained an average accuracy of the 3D CT evaluation script of - 0.37 ∘ (range - 3.84 to 3.88; SD ± 1.43) for morphology, and 0.002% (range - 7.28% to 6.90%; SD ± 1.60%) for coverage of the femoral head. Significant correlation between the expected and calculated COS (p = 0.01) was found. CONCLUSIONS: Our 3D CT evaluation script permits precise evaluation of the acetabular coverage profile, the presence or absence of a COS and acetabular morphology, independent of patient positioning or pelvic tilt.
Keywords: Acetabular coverage profile, crossover sign, 3D computed tomography