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Technology and Disability communicates knowledge about the field of assistive technology devices and services, within the context of the lives of end users - persons with disabilities and their family members. While the topics are technical in nature, the articles are written for broad comprehension despite the reader's education or training.
Technology and Disability's contents cover research and development efforts, education and training programs, service and policy activities and consumer experiences.
The term Technology refers to assistive devices and services.
- The term Disability refers to both permanent and temporary functional limitations experienced by people of any age within any circumstance.
- The term and underscores the editorial commitment to seek for articles which see technology linked to disability as a means to support or compensate the person in daily functioning.
The Editor also attempts to link the themes of technology and disability through the selection of appropriate basic and applied research papers, review articles, case studies, programme descriptions, letters to the Editor and commentaries. Suggestions for thematic issues and proposed manuscripts are welcomed.
Abstract: While technology and its potential to assist elders with disabilities advances, many elders do not use a computer, or find using a computer difficult. In the present study, we surveyed 668 middle aged and older persons with disabilities to better understand how they use their computer, or why they do not use a computer, and their thoughts on computer accessibility. Survey methodology was employed and descriptive statistics were used to report sample characteristics. Results show that…a higher percentage of older adults, compared to middle age adults were Internet users. Contact with others beyond the home is important for both middle aged and other adult computer users. The need for assessment and advice on workstation and computer setup seems evident from the large number in both groups reporting discomfort and problems in using their computer. Non-computer users in both the middle age and older adult groups reported that cost, lack of knowledge of a computer and lack of perceived need were the main reasons for not using a computer.
Abstract: This paper presents guidelines and methodologies for testing the accessibility of card-reading or other terminal devices installed in public places. The testing area of our concern is sound, audio and speech. In all cases, every effort has been made in order to meet the "design for all" concept. This work was funded by CEN/EC and has influenced the activities of CEN TC224/WG6.
Keywords: design model, interface design, social design, user participation, design for all
Abstract: Falls are a significant, but often preventable problem among elders. To identify possible risk factors for falls, this study examined differences between frail elders reporting falls and those reporting no falls in the past year. From a sample of 831 frail elders, defined as older persons with activity of daily living (ADL) limitations, 347 (42%) reported one or more falls. Subjects reporting one or more falls in the past year had more motor, functional, psychological, and…cognitive impairment than non-fallers. In-home assessment and intervention help prevent falls in frail elders.