Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 9, issue 1
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: The emergence of a positive disability identity has occurred nearly simultaneously with the growth of a disability community and the practice of active self-determination. It is clear that these experiences are active processes. Disabled people have not often had the formal opportunity to discuss and build upon these ideas in environments that supported these exchanges. This study reports data from two discussion sessions and one data interpretation and analysis group that focused on disability identity issues such as: ‘who is us’; ‘disability pride’; ‘disability positive’; ‘disability culture and community’; and ‘self-determination’. An exploratory, non-experimental design for this study was selected…because the methodology provided the opportunity for exploration and clarification of meaning and intention. This 3-year project first identified the emergence of an inclusive disability community perception. It progressed from an articulation of identity to an assertion of self-determination, which included the vital importance of disabled people determining the interpretation of their experiences and relating their own stories.
Keywords: Disability community, Disabled, Identity, Self-determination, Handicap, Civil rights
Abstract: Examples of early formal and informal efforts of the disabled community to organize for self-determination are examined and highlighted. The theme of the disabled community organizing for self-determination is investigated through a more contemporary look at the formal establishment of disability-related organizations. The Encyclopedia of Associations: An Unlimited Reference is used to identify disability-related organizations. These disability-related organizations are analyzed using several variables to better comprehend factors behind their formation.
Keywords: Disabled community, Self-determination, Subjugated knowledge, Informal and formal organizing
Abstract: Future progress of the disability movement may depend on the development of a positive sense of identity for disabled persons that will permit them to gain a feeling of empowerment. This analysis explores several features of extensive experience with a disability that might provide the basis for such a formation.
Abstract: Integration is a recurrent theme in classic theories of personality development, reflecting the perennial human struggle to resolve opposing pulls toward separation and unity. Identity development is examined in this paper as a particular case of the striving for integration on both individual and group levels. In the context of minority identity development, the steps toward achieving a sound disabiltiy identity are discussed with respect to intrapsychic, interpersonal, and social dynamics. Four types of integration underlying disability identity development are delineated with examples: (1) ‘coming to feel we belong’ (integrating into society); (2) ‘coming home’ (integrating with the disability community);…(3) ‘coming together’ (internally integrating our sameness and differentness); and (4) ‘coming out’ (integrating how we feel with how we present ourselves). The paper ends with a discussion of the significance of this integration process for personal empowerment and disability rights activism.
Abstract: This article briefly describes the development of the movement of people with disabilities in Ireland. It identifies the key organizations working in the field of empowerment and gives some descriptions of a range of European organizations of people with disabilities. It concludes by reflecting on movements at a European level and the barriers which still exist.
Keywords: Social models, Empowerment, Citizenship, Discrimination, Equability/equal outcomes
Abstract: This paper combines literature from the field of management and organizational studies with literature from other social sciences to describe how people with disabilities experience organizational life. A brief history of the education and socialization of blind people in the United States places the discussion within the context of the author's own disability. The paper concludes with a call for research that highlights the experience of people with disabilities who are making the transition from organizational outsider to insider.
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the program offices within the US Department of Education's Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. Specifically the areas of empowerment, advocacy and self-determination are addressed and activities funded within the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research that focus on these areas are presented. The abstracts of the projects on empowerment, advocacy and self-determination being carried out under the Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers are presented. Major program areas of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Technology-related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988, State Technology Program, and The Independent Living Center program…are also presented.
Abstract: There is an ongoing debate as to what should be the role of the non-disabled in disability policy formulation and implementation, service delivery, program evaluation, and the promotion of the rights of people with disabilities. Ally is a term that can be used to describe non-disabled people or those with non-disclosed, invisible disabilities who actively work to change the system in order to create an environment so that self-determination by people with disabilities can occur. This article presents a case example of an allied relationship which has supported the political and programmatic successes of the Virginia Council on Assistive Technology.…Within this discussion is an acknowledgment of the natural tensions which exist when allies within a bureaucracy promote self-determination of its consumers.