Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 7, issue 3
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: In this article a traumatic brain injury survivor offers first hand advice to professionals on how ‘common sense and sensibility’ can go a long way in provision of vocational rehabilitation services. He also offers some tips for employment specialists.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, Neuromedical, Return to work, Employment
Abstract: The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1992 and current trends in services funded by the Act hold promise for supporting individuals with severe brain injuries who desire to return to work. This article discusses those service trends in relation to Vocational Rehabilitation consumers with brain injuries.
Abstract: Few guidelines exist for matching compensatory strategies to presenting problems. This article describes an approach used to maximize the use of compensatory strategies on a job site for individuals with traumatic brain injury participating in a supported employment program. Key components include assessing residual skills, identifying potentially effective compensatory strategies through situational assessment, and incorporating compensatory strategies into training on the job.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, Compensatory strategies, Supported employment, Situational assessment, Job site training
Abstract: A sample of 97 unemployed persons with traumatic brain injury receiving rehabilitation services at an urban outpatient rehabilitation center were identified. Patients were divided into two groups based on time elapsed since injury, 5–9 years and 10–35 years post-injury. Family members reported a high incidence of cognitive, motor, and emotional problems lingering well beyond the first few years postinjury. Rates of moderate and heavy drinking, psychiatric treatment, and criminal behavior were identified. Transportation, cognitive, and physical problems were described as primary obstacles to employment. Analysis revealed few differences in the occurrence of cognitive, emotional and motor problems between follow-up samples,…supporting contentions that disability is often permanent. Family members' perceptions of injury-related obstacles to work were also strikingly similar. Recommendations are made for individually tailored, holistic rehabilitation programs with long-term, proactive follow-up.
Abstract: The Clubhouse model has a long history of effective support among people who experience disability due to psychiatric impairment. However, it had not been used with other groups until its recent adaptation among people who experience disability following brain injury. The model is known for its consumer direction, community basis, and long term supports. Preliminary results indicate that the' model may also be very effective in supporting community and vocational tenure among this new group of individuals.
Abstract: Head injury survivors experience a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional difficulties that create unique problems for return to work. The authors outline a systematic model of pre-vocational training, vocational evaluation, and job placement considerations that have proven effective over the years as a means of increasing placement and work longevity with traumatically brain injured clients. The model includes a comprehensive learning style assessment, work sample evaluation, domain specific training, cognitive remediation that emphasizes learning functional skills, supported employment, environmental engineering of the work site, and the use of prosthetic devices.
Abstract: This article provides an overview of available brain injury information online for health care professionals and consumers. An increasing amount of high quality medical information is available online, primarily via the World Wide Web. Recommendations in regard to type of Internet access and software are provided to assist the new and intermediate users. Electronic mail, proprietary online services, and Internet applications are briefly reviewed. In addition well established online resources, such as the Medline database are highlighted. The World Wide Web sites catalogued in this article have been linked to a single site, allowing ready access to these sites while…reviewing the article; Internet address: http://griffin.vcu.edu/html/pmr/trowland/brainref.html. The intended audience of the article is health care professionals, including those limited experience with computers and the Internet.
Keywords: Brain, Injury, Online, Telecommunication, Internet, World wide web
Abstract: The Virginia Survivor Council was formed to ‘ensure representation and first-hand input of survivors of head injury’ on a National level. This article provides a general overview and offers guidelines on how a similar entity could be formed. A description of the council's mission, structure, accomplishments to date and future direction is provided.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, Advocacy, Head injury foundation, Virginia Survivor Council