Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 3, issue 3
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: Although choice plays an important role in the quality of one's life, people with disabilities usually do not get to make choices that may affect Job success. This article presents results of a pilot study designed to use nonverbal preference/nonpreference indicators and a work variables assessment procedure to build choice into the Job match process for individuals with autism and mental retardation for whom communication is severely limited. A replicable strategy is outlined to help school and adult service providers assess preferences of individuals who do not reliably make choices because of lack of experience and/or functional communication skills. This…approach adds two unique dimensions to the Job match process. First, the use of the work variables assessment expands the traditionally limited focus of the Job match process to include all types of jobs or environments that share a similar typography, thereby leading to greater diversity of employment options for the individual. Secondly, incorporation of preference into the Job match of people with severely limited communication skills may provide longitudinal benefits including enhanced Job satisfaction of consumers, an increase in successful Job matches with employers, and successful outcomes for employment training programs. Preliminary data are presented which suggest diverse preference patterns and relationships to task acquisition. The work preference assessment process and results provide practitioners and state rehabilitation agencies with a useful alternative to traditional vocational evaluation batteries which have limited applicability for individuals with severe disabilities.
Abstract: This article describes a supported employment model that combines features of the individual placement and enclave models. This approach, termed dispersed heterogeneous placement (DHP), involves dispersal of three to five individuals with disabilities across several departments within a single business or across several nearby businesses. The individuals placed exhibit a range of capabilities and severity levels, allowing one job coach to support the consumers and the business. A four-step process for developing DHP sites is presented. Two DHP sites are illustrated, one at the corporate headquarters of American College Testing and the second at a large hospital.
Abstract: Programs for youths who are severely emotionally disturbed and who exhibit such behaviors as noncompliance with rules and authority, tantrums, theft, and sex offending must incorporate a comprehensive array of services to help the young people succeed in community-based job settings. Youths in the vocational program described here are divided into two groups because of their different intellectual functioning levels. Case histories from both groups illustrate the types of interventions necessary to maintain the young people in competitive jobs. Results indicate that, over the past 10 years, 63 % of the youths served by this program have had successful job…placements. For this type of success to be achieved, certain conditions seem to be necessary, including counseling for certain youths including specialized counseling for sex offending and substance abuse, training in social skills, case manager training for job coaches, and specialized behavior intervention training for job coaches.
Abstract: Twenty-seven youths and young adults with mild disabilities received employment services, including the opportunity to work with prepared coworker trainers, to promote successful employment in competitive businesses. Coworkers were trained to teach job tasks by using an instruction/model/observe/coach sequence and conduct evaluation and long-term follow-up services in cooperation with the employment specialist. Individuals who previously were unemployed or underemployed worked at a variety of businesses, had the opportunity to participate in additional job training programs, and advanced to other jobs as dictated by skills, interests, and economic circumstances. Early results suggest that the coworker training and transition model was accepted…and used most effectively by consumers with mild intellectual handicaps and those who demonstrated both behavior disorders and learning disabilities versus youths with learning disabilities alone.