Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 24, issue 3
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: The concept of social justice appears to offer a new and appropriate context for examining the interplay between race and rehabilitation policy and service provision. The principles of social justice encourage a fairer distribution of power and resources in society through politically conscious advocacy and interventions. The intent of this paper is to explore the assumptions of social justice in relation to the fundamental goals of rehabilitation. In particular, the exploration will focus on the common…principles (e.g., protection of human rights, promotion of equity) inherent to both philosophies. Special attention is given to the interaction between social justice and the rehabilitation experience for minorities with disabilities.
Keywords: Social justice, ethnic minorities, equity, rehabilitation
Abstract: Over the past decade, several authors have documented that supported employment has not been living up to its full potential. One explanation for this lack of growth may involve the reluctance of employers to hire workers with disabilities. Specifically, many employers have expressed concerns that workers with disabilities will increase the operating expenditures of their companies. However, to date, there have been no systematic efforts to evaluate the monetary costs and benefits associated with supported employment…from the employer's perspective. This paper proposes a corrected version of a cost-accounting methodology proposed in an earlier publication . This revised methodology will enable researchers to determine whether or not supported employees are viable alternatives to traditional workers.
Abstract: Over the past ten years, much has been written regarding supported employment's future. Many authors have claimed that supported employment is "losing momentum" or "stalling". These authors have made several recommendations designed to revitalize supported employment's growth. The present paper examines data presented by previous authors, constructs a new interpretation of supported employment's status, and proposes strategies for improving supported employment's growth.
Abstract: This article provides counselors with a simplified representation of critical constructs in multicultural counseling: adjustment to disability, stage of development, and cultural identity. Exploring these factors will facilitate the working alliance and thereby serve to enhance the effectiveness of counseling interventions. The development and application of the Model is highly individualized in a manner consistent with rehabilitation philosophy.
Keywords: Multicultural counseling, cultural identity, developmental functioning, disability adjustment
Abstract: This note presents a method of approximating how many persons were placed on new or improved supported employment jobs after attending a training seminar on job development. Individual follow-up phone calls were completed for 50 trainees four to eight months after the training, a response rate of 82 percent. Seventy-two percent reported that the outcomes for 163 supported employees were improved in one or more ways. Although the method is based on subjective data, it is…low-cost, can be implemented quickly, and focuses on measuring improvements in outcomes. We believe the method will be useful only if collected by experienced interviewers who have no stake in the results.
Keywords: Supported employment, evaluation, assessment, outcomes, training
Abstract: The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 provided legislative underpinnings for expanding personal assistance services to support employment for individuals with significant disabilities. The program of employment personal assistance services (EPAS) was developed by the State of Utah through the Medicaid State plan. The program provides assistance with activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living both at home and at work to individuals with disabilities who work a minimum…of 40 hours per month. Over one-third of program participants, at time of the evaluation, had psychiatric disabilities. A program evaluation conducted on the EPAS program finds participants experienced enhanced well-being and quality of life and improved employment outcomes. The evaluation identifies areas for further program improvement.
Keywords: Employment, personal assistance services, EPAS
Abstract: Nine years after enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act, three Supreme Court decisions, known as the Sutton trilogy, required that mitigating circumstances be considered in determining whether or not a particular individual has a disability under the statute. This article evaluates how the Sutton trilogy has altered the nature and scope of employment discrimination experienced by Americans with diabetes. Allegations of workplace discrimination filed by Americans with diabetes with the Equal Employment…Opportunity Commission were examined. Pre-Sutton allegations (n=5644) were compared and contrasted with Post-Sutton allegations (n=5793) on specified characteristics including industry, issue, and rate of merit resolution. Findings fail to support the position that the Sutton trilogy deterred Americans with diabetes from registering formal complaints, but it may have emboldened employers to engage in more widespread and egregious levels of discrimination.
Keywords: Employment discrimination, Americans with Disabilities Act, diabetes, Supreme Court
Abstract: This study analyzed longitudinal employment data collected from South Carolina disability service agencies to determine which individual and agency characteristics are predictors of re-employment for individuals with mental retardation. Reasons for job loss in this population were also explored. While 1198 individuals (72.5% who worked in 2001 remained employed in 2002, 455 workers (27.5% did not sustain employment the following year. The most frequent reasons reported for job loss in these individuals included job…performance problems (28.1%, a decision to quit on the part of the employee (21.9%, health problems (10.9%), and employer lay-offs (10.9%. Only 38 percent of individuals who experienced an interruption in employment in 2002 successfully regained employment in 2003. Individual and service agency characteristics, including race, agency size, and use of a job coach, were found to be significant predictors of re-employment for these individuals.
Keywords: Mental retardation, re-employment, job loss