Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 2, issue 4
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: Social, political, and economic trends have reinforced the demand for self-determination by Americans with disabilities. Demographic factors and guarantees of civil rights have redefined what disabilities are perceived to be. This reorientation became possible as a result of advances in medical science and rehabilitation techniques and technology. No longer merely individual tragedies, disabilities have become common experiences and must be anticipated within all aspects of social planning. The medical model, with its patient role for those with disabilities, is no longer deemed appropriate to a population that has moved toward status as the newest minority with federal guarantees of its…civil rights. This view requires new orientation in rehabilitation policy, priorities, and practice. To remain relevant, the rehabilitation field must prepare practitioners to move into mainstream community-based planning and service delivery. Additions to graduate curricula are essential. In the age following the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as disability becomes everybody's business, consumers and customers of the knowledge and expertise of the rehabilitation field will make new demands on the profession.
Abstract: Common values and current conceptual differences among VR professionals, supported employment advocates, and consumers are discussed. Authentic empowerment, rather than political drama, is viewed as possible through professional preparation emphasizing thoughtful practice and multiple approaches to knowing. That you care enough to come, that you remember what you see, that you keep your promises … Mary Elizabeth Switzer Mary Switzer, recognized champion of persons with disabilities for 50 years, practiced keeping promises. The rehabilitation program in the United States today represents many of the promises Mary Switzer kept. I thought it would be simple to write…about rehabilitation as a philosophy and promised to do so for this issue of the Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation. I have taught graduate students in rehabilitation counseling for 20 years, and I always began with philosophy. I had no idea how difficult it would be to keep my promise. My search of rehabilitation literature yielded a wide collection of values, principles, and concepts. Some writers had attempted philosophical considerations, but I became increasingly frustrated as I tried to systematically present what I had so easily taught in graduate classes. I realized, quite painfully, that there is no one philosophy of rehabilitation and that I was very angry and frightened by current critics of the rehabilitation system, a system that embodies an approximation of rehabilitation philosophy. I spent four years writing the story of Mary Switzer's life, a life embedded in rehabilitation history. As an outcome of that experience, I have great respect for incrementalism. I gained increasing respect for the ultimate insider and the changes Mary Switzer was able to effect from within a bureaucracy. I was o.ffended by accusations that the rehabilitation system had thwarted supported employment (Rogan and Murphy, 1991). I was frightened by the separatism of consumers (Parrino, 1991). It seemed to me that the rehabilitation system nurtured by Mary Switzer was at great risk of being dismantled. The urgency I felt each time I tried to write about the philosophy of rehabilitation reflected the tension of the time. If ever a unifying philosophy was needed, it was now. My friend and philosophy teacher, Patricia James, read the first draft of this article and rescued it from my defensiveness. Patricia James drew me into a dialogue of reconstruction. I began to order those concepts that guide our practice discipline. I offer this reconstruction to you, as one practitioner to another, in the hope that we may be able to assemble our various wisdoms, to bring to light rich differences, and to prepare ourselves for thoughtful action. My promise is partially kept, with the invitation to each reader to criticize and communicate as we attempt to articulate commonalities and differences.
Abstract: Over the past decade, vocational opportunities for individuals with severe disabilities have expanded as a result of supported employment. Concurrent with the initiation of supported employment was the need to prepare professionals skilled in the delivery of supported employment services across a range of agencies. In order to ensure that professionals responsible for providing supported employment services demonstrated the necessary skills, knowledge, and attitudes, new and revised graduate training programs and in-service training and technical assistance mechanisms emerged. This article describes the development and implementation of a statewide system of professional development designed and maintained through the collaborative efforts of…state and community agencies and the University of Vermont for the purpose of facilitating systems change.
Abstract: This article provides an overview of factors that influence graduate rehabilitation counseling programs, issues related to program development, and models of rehabilitation counselor education. The proposed model graduate rehabilitation counseling program, which focuses on knowledge, skills, and instructional methodology, includes increased attention to the foundation areas of rehabilitation counseling, the development of critical thinking skills, and increased use of instructional technology for skills development.
Abstract: The National initiative for supported employment has used a number of systems change strategies to increase the availability of integrated employment with long-term support for people with severe disabilities. Technical assistance is one strategy for promoting change that has been used within states and on a national scale. This article discusses the role of technical assistance within the larger context of promoting systems change. Features that contribute to valued technical assistance are discussed in jive areas. In addition, this article defines a process for planning, providing, and evaluating technical assistance. Issues about the role of technical assistance projects are discussed…in terms of principles of quality improvement and the difficulty of assessing the true impact of technical assistance.
Abstract: Issues related to consumer choice in supported employment are discussed in this article. Four principles of intervention and six standards for evaluation of placement are provided to assist professionals in implementation of supported employment services that facilitate individual choice and independence.
Abstract: Independence-related issues are the topics of the day in supported employment discussions. These issues find their roots in earlier discussions of the principle of normalization and other related principles. Today's discussions revolve around the achievement of full employment access and the integration of people with severe disabilities in the most normalized manner possible. This article discusses two facets of enhancing independence: first, increasing access to employment settings and the community in general as a result of the enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act; second, identifying naturally available support systems in today's business and industry settings. The roles of employment…specialists in service provision within the context of naturally available resources and the limitations related to the use of these resources are also discussed.