Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 12, issue 2
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: The article describes the results of a survey of the employment concerns reported by a random sample (N=227 ) of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). From an item pool generated in previous research, state chapter members of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society identified 34 employment concerns as most reflective of the career development implications of MS. Survey respondents considered each item along two dimensions, the importance of the item to career development and their satisfaction…with the adequacy of services to address that concern. Results regarding high importance items indicated that respondents were most satisfied with issues such as health insurance coverage, potential to work and take control of their lives, wages and benefits, and workplace accommodations. They were most dissatisfied with issues including fair treatment by employers in the hiring process, access to service providers who understand their needs, access to adequate information about Social Security programs, optimism regarding their future, and issues related to re-entering the workforce. Implications for vocational rehabilitation practice and future research are discussed.
Abstract: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common neurological disorders in the world, and it has a potentially devastating impact on people's psychological and social functioning. Foremost among the factors that make MS a difficult condition with which to cope are the range and severity of symptoms, the capricious disease process, and the psychological uncertainty that accompanies such an unpredictable illness. In this article, the authors construct a Five Factor Model of Psychosocial Adjustment for…people with MS that is predicated on (a) enhancing personal resilience and active coping skills and (b) increasing utilization of social supports. The Five-Factor Model includes the following determinants of psychosocial adjustment to MS: (a) range and severity of illness-related symptoms, (b) uncertainty of the disease process, (c) sense of loss associated with functional limitations, (d) personal resilience and adaptability, and (e) social supports.
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, adjustment, social supports
Abstract: The author examines the motherhood decisions of four women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Themes arising in the decision to become a mother, to remain childless, or to enlarge an existing family are identified. Implications for program development and future research are discussed.
Keywords: multiple sclerosis, motherhood, women with disabilities
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between 10 pairs of supported employees who had been involved in co-worker interventions and were judged to be either successfully or unsuccessfully integrated into work settings. This study was part of a larger national survey study designed to examine the variables that predict successful social integration efforts. The results from this study revealed that of the five categories of variables that could have had an impact…on social integration (i.e., Agency, Supported Employee, Service Provider, Workplace, and interventions), only Workplace Characteristics and Interventions differentiated the two groups.
Keywords: social integration, natural supports, co-workers, mental retardation, social skill interventions
Abstract: Much has been written about techniques for working with individuals with disabilities in the community, specifically in employment settings. However, little literature focuses on enhancing job development techniques. This study examined the preferred marketing strategies employers have in relation to supported employment and addressed the factors that may impact on those preferences. Results indicated that the majority of employers, regardless of the industry type, size and location of the business, and professional…affiliation, preferred to receive marketing information on supported employment through professional associations such as WMC, WRA, Local/National Human Resource Associations, and Trade Shows. When employers had previous knowledge of supported employment or had hired a supported employee, the preferred method selected were Governmental Agencies such as Department of Workforce Development, Rehabilitation Agency, or Local Advocacy Groups.
Keywords: supported employment, marketing, job development