Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation - Volume 11, issue 2
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Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation will provide a forum for discussion and dissemination of information about the major areas that constitute vocational rehabilitation.
Periodically, there will be topics that are directed either to specific themes such as long-term care or different disability groups such as those with psychiatric impairment. Often a guest editor who is an expert in the given area will provide leadership on a specific topic issue. However, all articles received directly or submitted for a special issue are welcome for peer review. The emphasis will be on publishing rehabilitation articles that have immediate application for helping rehabilitation counselors, psychologists and other professionals in providing direct services to people with disabilities.
Original research articles, review articles, program descriptions, and case studies will be considered for publication. Ideas for special topical issues are welcomed as well.
Abstract: Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted with 119 employers in private companies and public agencies in Japan to assess employers' attitudes toward workers with disabilities by the Scale of Attitudes toward Workers with Disabilities. The results indicated that Japanese employers had favorable attitudes toward the employment of persons with disabilities in general. Japanese employers also had three distinctive characteristics: (a) they think it more difficult and expensive to hire persons with disabilities; (b) they think that working is not good for persons with severe disabilities; and (c) they do not respect the economic effects of the employment of persons with disabilities.…It was also found that current employment of persons with disabilities has positive effects on the general attitudes of the employers.
Abstract: There has been little emphasis on vocational rehabilitation for individuals with dual diagnoses of mental illness and substance abuse among the health, substance abuse, and vocational rehabilitation systems of care. This article promotes work as an important rehabilitative tool which can result in both a stabilization of symptoms of mental illness and sobriety. A framework for client assessment and successfully integrating employment at different stages of the rehabilitation process as well as a case example is provided.
Abstract: The main emphasis of school-to-work transition programs has been on having students with disabilities develop meaningful life and work skills. Typically, transition curriculums have focused on providing skill training in the following three areas: (1) employment skills; (2) independent living skills; and (3) social skills (West, 1995). However, with the primary emphasis of transition curriculum being placed on skill development, little attention has been given to the psychological factors that may be important to the success of transitioning individuals from school to work. The purpose of this article is to provide rehabilitation counselors with the necessary information and strategies to…integrate Bandura's theory of self-efficacy into the transition curriculum. Specifically, this article will focus on how Bandura's four sources of efficacy information (performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal) can be used to increase the successful participation, persistence, and motivation of students with disabilities in transitioning from school to work.
Abstract: Objective: The study evaluated the outcome of a psychosocial rehabilitation program for persons with psychiatric disability who met DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria for disorders on Axis I and II. Study Design: Twenty-seven users of community mental health centers were admitted to training-on-the-job courses in productive environments. All subjects were interviewed with structured questionnaires (IEF, DAS, LSP, GAS) to evaluate symptomatology and social skills at baseline and at the end of the program. Results: Statistically significant results were detected by the DAS on the Hyperactivity item, dysfunction in social roles, work performance, interest in information, by the LSP on Communication…and Self-care subscale. Conclusion: The study replicated some findings from research in this field and confirms the indication of rehabilitation programs for the treatments of the negative dimension of functional psychosis.
Abstract: Welfare reform as defined in the United States has resulted in the abolishment of the federally structured Aid to Families with Dependent Children program and the establishment of block grant state-sponsored assistance to poor children and their parents. While available data support the finding that 30% of these children and/or parents have serious or multiple disabilities, the states in general have not addressed ways in which obstacles will be overcome in facilitating self-sufficiency for this population. This paper explores the tenets of the newly implemented Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act and the Virginia state initiative approved as a waiver…prior to the federal legislation. Implications for families with a history of disability previously covered under AFDC are discussed, as well as recommendations for prevention of unfair impact of the new law on this group.
Keywords: Welfare reform and disability, Temporary assistance for needy families (TANF), Aid to families with dependent children (AFDC), Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, Poor women and disability
Abstract: This paper focuses on the general philosophy, tools and methods of managed healthcare systems as they are presently employed in the late 1990s. It also addresses the application of managed healthcare to people with disabilities in need of long-term support systems. Issues of financial inevitability, institutional change, and ethical considerations regarding the application of managed healthcare to people with disabilities are discussed. A proposal of principles and guidelines is drawn for use in the development of managed care systems across all health and human service delivery systems in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Keywords: Managed healthcare, Managed care, Disabilities, Long-term support systems
Abstract: An examination of service delivery models implemented in different cultural settings can be informative and enriching. This article draws together the findings of a comparative review of two service delivery systems with almost identical responsibilities for the coordination of services to individuals with developmental disabilities. The most unique aspect of comparing these two service systems is the location of the two entities: Southwark Consortium is based within the London borough of Southwark of the United Kingdom (UK); and, Denver Options, Inc. is located in the City and County of Denver in the United States of America (USA). Despite an ocean…in between them, the two organizations have learned from each other and will continue to follow each other's progress, and selectively test each other's new ideas and approaches.
Keywords: Comparative review, International service delivery, International comparative review, Developmental disabilities, Cross-cultural learning, Cross-cultural service settings, Services in the UK and USA