Authors: Smith, Kathryn A. | Liu, Tiebin | Freeman, Kurt A. | Betz, Cecily | Clayton, Gerald H. | Castillo, Heidi | Castillo, Jonathan | Tu, Duong | Speybroeck, Alexander Van | Walker, William O.
BACKGROUND: Ethnic disparities in continence rates in spina bifida (SB) have been studied regionally but not nationally. National SB Patient Registry (NSBPR) data were analyzed to explore differences in prevalence of bowel and bladder continence and interventions between Hispanics/Latinos and others. METHODS: Participants 5 to 21 years were categorized into Hispanic/Latino and non-Hispanic/non-Latino. Bladder/bowel continence was defined as dry/no involuntary stool leakage during the day or none/⩽ monthly incontinence. Chi-square test, Wilcoxon Two Sample Test, and generalized estimating equation (GEE) were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-five percent of the 4,364
…patients were Hispanic/Latino. At their most recent clinic visit, Hispanics/Latinos demonstrated lower rates of urinary continence (38.6% vs. 44.9%; p = 0.0003), bowel continence (43.9% vs. 55.8%, p < 0.0001), private insurance (p < 0.0001), bowel (p < 0.0001) or bladder surgeries (p = 0.0054), and more vesicostomies (p = 0.0427) compared to others. In multiple GEE models, Hispanic/Latino participants demonstrated lower odds of bowel continence as compared to non-Hispanic/non-Latino participants (estimated odds ratio, 0.82, 95% CI, 0.72–0.94, p = 0.0032). CONCLUSIONS: After controlling for covariates, Hispanics/Latinos with SB are less likely to report bowel continence. Clinicians are encouraged to consider the risk of negative health disparities for Hispanic patients with SB and work to mitigate this risk.
Keywords: Spina bifida, myelomeningocele, health disparities, continence, Hispanic, Latino
Citation: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine,
vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 361-368, 2019
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