Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine - Volume 10, issue 3
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The aim of the
Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine is to strengthen research and education of the neonatal community on the optimal physical, mental and social health and well-being of infants through high quality publications on neonatal-perinatal medicine and to provide examples of best practices in order to improve the quality, safety and effectiveness of infants’ healthcare worldwide.
The vision for the journal is to be ‘The Reference Journal’ in the field of neonatology.
Abstract: Hemorrhagic cystitis is generally a benign self-limited disorder, however there are some severe cases which are associated to a significant blood loss. The etiology may be either bacterial, viral or chemical in origin; though the cause is not identified in most of the cases. Immunocompromised patients or patients who have undergone chemotherapy or radiation constitute the highest risk group. There are only a few articles about hemorrhagic cystitis in pregnancy, frequently associated with preterm labor. We describe, for the first time in literature, one patient with a clinical status of hematuria in two consequent pregnancies, without any identified cause and…a medical history negative for recurrent or hemorrhagic cystitis and we report an overview of literature concerning this topic.
Abstract: Hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN) is a condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules produced by the mother pass through the placenta and attack the fetal red blood cells. HDN can occur due to Rh and ABO incompatibilities between the mother and the fetus as well as due to other allo-immune antibodies belonging to Kell (K and k), Duffy (Fya), Kidd (Jka and Jkb), and MNS (M, N, S, and s) systems. Role of intravenous immunoglobulin in management of HDN is not clear. SARA red blood cell antigen, first discovered in 1990 is a low frequency…antigen. We report, a multiparous female whose pregnancy was complicated by HDN due to anti-SARA antibodies requiring both exchange transfusion and intravenous immunoglobulin. The response was sustained after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) rather than after exchange transfusion.
Keywords: Hemolytic disease of newborn, intravenous immunoglobulin, RBC antigens
Abstract: Fetus in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare condition (1/500,000 live births) in which a fetiform structure is incorporated into the body of its twin. FIF can be a diagnostic dilemma due to its similarity to a teratoma, but identification of FIF is important for subsequent medical and surgical management. We compare two cases of fetal masses diagnosed on prenatal imaging that were later identified as FIF through further radiological, surgical, and pathologic evaluation. We use these cases to illustrate key pre- and postnatal features of FIF and highlight the benefits of prenatal detection and follow-up for postnatal management.
Abstract: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a life-threatening complication of blood product transfusion characterized by sudden onset hypoxemic respiratory failure with bilateral lung infiltrates and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema developing within 6 hours of transfusion. It is believed to be under-recognized, particularly among preterm neonates in whom co-existing developmental lung disease adds diagnostic complexity. Here we report the case of a preterm neonate who developed TRALI during a blood transfusion following PDA ligation.
Abstract: We describe a neonate born with complex arrhythmias that included concurrent atrial and ventricular tachycardias. Genetic testing demonstrated a mutation in the TTN gene, which codes for titin, a large protein found in striated muscle sarcomeres. The complex arrhythmias were successfully treated with amiodarone and flecainide. The patient remains asymptomatic with normal biventricular function. We speculate that the complex arrhythmias and TTN gene mutation may be related.