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The Journal of Economic and Social Measurement (JESM) is a quarterly journal that is concerned with the investigation of all aspects of production, distribution and use of economic and other societal statistical data, and with the use of computers in that context. JESM publishes articles that consider the statistical methodology of economic and social science measurements. It is concerned with the methods and problems of data distribution, including the design and implementation of data base systems and, more generally, computer software and hardware for distributing and accessing statistical data files. Its focus on computer software also includes the valuation of algorithms and their implementation, assessing the degree to which particular algorithms may yield more or less accurate computed results. It addresses the technical and even legal problems of the collection and use of data, legislation and administrative actions affecting government produced or distributed data files, and similar topics.
The journal serves as a forum for the exchange of information and views between data producers and users. In addition, it considers the various uses to which statistical data may be put, particularly to the degree that these uses illustrate or affect the properties of the data. The data considered in JESM are usually economic or social, as mentioned, but this is not a requirement; the editorial policies of JESM do not place a priori restrictions upon the data that might be considered within individual articles. Furthermore, there are no limitations concerning the source of the data.
Article Type: Research Article
Abstract: The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is an important population health statistic often used as one of the indicators of the health state of a nation. In many countries lacking adequate vital registration systems, sample methods are used to estimate IMRs. However, evaluations of this approach are rare and the literature contains no assessments of the stochastic uncertainty underlying these estimated IMRs. Stochastic uncertainty reflects the fact that even where the underlying IMR is constant in a small population over time, there is a likelihood of yearly fluctuation in its empirical observations even if it is measured from a complete count …of the events of interest. In this study a method is presented that can be used to assess this stochastic uncertainty. We use the country of Ghana as a case study for this purpose. The method, a beta-binomial model, is described, tested for validity, and illustrated using 2014 sample-based estimates of IMR for 13 sample regions in Ghana. As such, the approach we described regarding the revision of sample-based IMR estimates is aimed at taking into account of the stochastic uncertainty while preserving the information concerning the uncertainty due to sampling. In applying the method to Ghana, we find that the sample-based IMR estimates perform well in accounting for stochastic uncertainty and could be applied elsewhere. Show more
Keywords: Representational data, estimate, Beta Binomial model, validity
Citation: Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, vol. Pre-press, no. Pre-press, pp. 1-15, 2019
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