Journal of Economic and Social Measurement - Volume 17, issue 3-4
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ISSN 0747-9662 (P)
ISSN 1875-8932 (E)
The Journal of Economic and Social Measurement (JESM) is a quarterly journal that is concerned with the investigation of all aspects of production, distribution and use of economic and other societal statistical data, and with the use of computers in that context. JESM publishes articles that consider the statistical methodology of economic and social science measurements. It is concerned with the methods and problems of data distribution, including the design and implementation of data base systems and, more generally, computer software and hardware for distributing and accessing statistical data files. Its focus on computer software also includes the valuation of algorithms and their implementation, assessing the degree to which particular algorithms may yield more or less accurate computed results. It addresses the technical and even legal problems of the collection and use of data, legislation and administrative actions affecting government produced or distributed data files, and similar topics.
The journal serves as a forum for the exchange of information and views between data producers and users. In addition, it considers the various uses to which statistical data may be put, particularly to the degree that these uses illustrate or affect the properties of the data. The data considered in JESM are usually economic or social, as mentioned, but this is not a requirement; the editorial policies of JESM do not place a priori restrictions upon the data that might be considered within individual articles. Furthermore, there are no limitations concerning the source of the data.
Abstract: In this paper, we discuss and compare two specific energy aggregates, the Divisia and Btu indexes. These indexes are constructed using disaggregate data on 12 types of energy used in 72 industries to the total U.S. manufacturing level for the period 1958–1981. We then compute and analyze different effects contributing to the growth in energy input and energy productivity. Our results show strong evidence that energy aggregates constructed by different methods result in significantly different energy productivity growth rates. The Divisia index gives more satisfactory results than the Btu index.
Abstract: For many years the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) has published annual data on persons admitted to the U.S. as legal resident aliens. Only relatively recently has INS begun to make its microdata files available. This paper concerns the INS Public Use Tapes, including a detailed description of the information available on them, an account of the frequency and severity of certain flaws in the data, and a discussion of possible methods for correcting these flaws. The paper also discusses a number of strengths and weakness of the data for descriptive and analytical research, and it provides several suggestions…for research projects that could be carried out with the INS data.
Abstract: The findings of prior research have been inconsistent about the use of systematic risk (beta) as a surrogate for those aspects of the audit environment related to the likelihood of an uncertainty qualification. The purpose of this study is to refine the theoretical framework and measurement issues of this topic through an examination of the association between two real-asset determinants of systematic risk (the degree of operating leverage and the degree of financial leverage) and the likelihood of receipt of an uncertainty qualification. The results indicate that these two leverage measures are not significantly associated with the receipt of uncertainty…qualifications in auditing practice.
Abstract: Unique panel data provided by NPD Research, Inc., were used to investigate the magnitude and interactive effects upon tipping aggregates and levels. The analysis revealed that tips by American households aggregate to $6.2, $6.3, and $6.7 billion annually in restaurants and other eating places in 1982, 1983, and 1984 respectively. The information was collected by means of diaries kept by the tippers themselves, which was regarded as a more accurate source than inquiries of either the tip recipients or their employers. The paper covers the relationship between the characteristics of the tippers and of the tipping occasions and the propensity…and magnitude of tipping. One finding of the regression analysis is that there are sizable differences in tip rates across tipping type restaurant categories when the combined effects of geographic region, metropolitan size, and restaurant options such as acceptance of credit cards and reservations and service of alcoholic beverages are considered.
Abstract: Net migration of immigrants to U.S. metropolitan areas cannot be measured directly because many immigrants, by some estimates as high as 30%, subsequently emigrate from the U.S., thus escaping the ability of federal authorities to locate their whereabouts. Without an accurate measure of immigrant out-migration, net migration cannot be calculated. This study employs cohort survival techniques to indirectly estimate immigrant and native net migration, 1970–1980, for 119 specific metropolitan areas. Several checks are performed to confirm the accuracy of the estimates, which appear to be reasonable.