Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Volume 35, issue 4
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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation is a journal whose main focus is to present relevant information about the interdisciplinary approach to musculoskeletal rehabilitation for clinicians who treat patients with back and musculoskeletal pain complaints. It will provide readers with both 1) a general fund of knowledge on the assessment and management of specific problems and 2) new information considered to be state-of-the-art in the field. The intended audience is multidisciplinary as well as multi-specialty.
In each issue clinicians can find information which they can use in their patient setting the very next day. Manuscripts are provided from a range of health care providers including those in physical medicine, orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, neurosurgery, physical therapy, radiology, osteopathy, chiropractic and nursing on topics ranging from chronic pain to sports medicine. Diagnostic decision trees and treatment algorithms are encouraged in each manuscript. Controversial topics are discussed in commentaries and rebuttals. Associated areas such as medical-legal, worker's compensation and practice guidelines are included.
The journal publishes original research papers, review articles, programme descriptions and cast studies. Letters to the editors, commentaries, and editorials are also welcomed. Manuscripts are peer reviewed. Constructive critiques are given to each author. Suggestions for thematic issues and proposed manuscripts are welcomed.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: An ankle sprain is a common joint sprain in sports injury, which is closely related to its physiological position and anatomical characteristics, and may progress into chronic ankle instability after improper early treatment or premature exercise. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the tertiary rehabilitation effect of acute lateral ankle sprain caused by sports training. METHOD: Ninety-six athletes with acute lateral ankle sprain diagnosed from January 2019 to June 2020 were included and divided into the control group and the rehabilitation group using the random number table grouping method, with 48 cases in each group. The…two groups received standardized treatment, and the rehabilitation group additionally received tertiary rehabilitation. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS ) scores, degree of ankle swelling, pain, and re-injury rate were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The AOFAS scores of the two groups increased after treatment (P < 0.05). The degree of swelling in both groups after treatment was improved (P < 0.05). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores in both groups declined two weeks after treatment, with lower results observed in the rehabilitation group The two groups showed similar results of the follow-up visit (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Rehabilitation exercise on acute lateral ankle sprain effectively relieves ankle swelling and pain.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Juvenile spinal osteochondrosis (JSO) affects vertebral endplates and may cause intervertebral discs alterations. The condition is typically related to pain, and weakness and shortening of trunk muscles. Sling suspension therapy (SST) has been shown to reduce lumbar pain effectively. It is, however, unclear whether SST is superior to other treatment methods in reducing pain, correcting posture, and activating trunk stabilizers in JSO. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we intended to compare the effectiveness of two different exercise modalities; Sling Suspension Therapy and Gym Ball Exercise in the treatment of JSO in adolescent girls. METHODS:…A randomised controlled single centre clinical trial was carried out in an inpatient rehabilitation unit at a sanatorium. Forty adolescent girls (age 16.3 ± 0.47 yrs.), who were diagnosed with JSO (according to ICD-10 Version: 2016 – M 42.0) were randomly assigned into two groups: Group 1 – Sling suspension therapy (SST), Group 2 – Gym ball exercises (GBE). Both groups received interventions for 3 weeks, 15 sessions, and 30 minutes a day for 5 consecutive days a week. Back pain, endurance of trunk muscles and standing posture were evaluated pre- and post-interventions. RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated significant improvement in all measured outcomes. SST was more effective in reducing pain (p < 0.05), increasing the endurance of trunk muscles (p < 0.05) and improving the standing posture (p < 0.05) compared to GBE (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Sling suspension therapy is more effective compared with Gym ball exercises in the treatment of juvenile spinal osteochondrosis in adolescent girls in terms of back pain, posture and endurance of trunk muscles.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported increased kinesiophobia in adults with degenerative scoliosis or adolescents who have undergone spinal surgery. However, little is known about the phenomenon of kinesiophobia among adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate levels of kinesiophobia and its association with treatment choice in IS. METHODS: The study included 98 IS patients with a mean age of 14 years and 20 healthy controls. Participants with IS were divided into groups based on treatment conditions, as follows: (1) untreated (n =…33); (2) treated with exercise (n = 32); and (3) treated with a brace (n = 33). Kinesiophobia was measured using the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK). Comparisons were made between four groups. RESULTS: Untreated participants with IS were found to have greater kinesiophobia than healthy controls (p < 0.001). Participants treated with a brace (p = 0.046) and exercise (p = 0.064) had similar kinesiophobia levels as the healthy control group. CONCLUSIONS: Kinesiophobia was found to be higher in adolescents with IS compared to healthy peers. Brace or exercise treatment both had a positive impact on kinesiophobia. These findings should be considered when organizing rehabilitation programs to achieve the best results for adolescents with IS.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A framework to establish the biopsychosocial patient profile for persons with low back pain has been recently proposed and validated: The Pain and Disability Drivers Management model (PDDM). In order to facilitate its clinical integration, we developed the PDDM rating scale. OBJECTIVES: To determine the inter-rater agreement of the PDDM rating scale. A second objective was to determine if this inter-rater agreement varies according to the complexity of patients’ clinical presentation. METHODS: We recruited physiotherapists during one-day workshops on the PDDM. We asked each participant to assess two clinical vignettes using the…rating scale. One vignette presented a typical clinical presentation (moderate level of difficulty) and one presented an atypical presentation (complex level of difficulty). We determined inter-rater agreement with the proportion of participants who gave the same answer for each PDDM domain. RESULTS: For the typical vignette, the inter-rater agreement per domain was moderate to good (between 0.54 and 0.97). For the complex vignette, the inter-rater agreement per domain was poor to good (between 0.49 and 0.81). The comparison between the two vignettes showed a significant difference (p < 0.01) for nociceptive and cognitive-emotional domains. CONCLUSION: Overall performance indicates that the rating scale present adequate agreement for clinical use, but specific domains require further development.
Keywords: Low back pain, phenotype, rehabilitation, scale development, biopsychosocial, patient-centered care
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is increasingly being utilized in the diagnosis and treatment of adhesive capsulitis. OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effects and advantages of combined handheld ultrasound and fluoroscopy-guided intra-articular corticosteroid injection with those of conventional ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection in adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. METHODS: A total of 39 patients diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A patients (n = 19) underwent combined handheld ultrasound and fluoroscopy-guided corticosteroid injection and group B patients (n =…20) underwent conventional ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection to the intra-articular space of the shoulder twice. Treatment efficacy was assessed at 2 and 6 weeks after the final injection, based on the verbal numeric pain scale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, and range of motion. Secondary outcome measures were the accuracy and procedure time. RESULTS: Both injection methods were effective in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis. No significant differences in treatment efficacy and injection accuracy were observed between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed no statistical differences in treatment efficacy between 2 groups. However, the combined use of ultrasound and fluoroscopy can increase the accuracy of injection compared with conventional ultrasound alone.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Surf practice contributes to overuse injuries and musculoskeletal pain. Relationship between the type of surfing practiced and the onset of pain is not fully understood as well as the potential role of rehabilitation in preventing it. OBJECTIVE: To investigate musculoskeletal pain and to deepen whether the age and the anatomical region involved influenced the pain appearance in relation to four surfing disciplines. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out. An online survey was addressed to a group of Italian surfers (practicing surf, kitesurf, windsurf and stand up paddle since at least 1…year), collecting demographic data, discipline practiced, location of musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-six surfers were involved in the study. Spine and upper limbs pain was more frequent compared to lower limbs one in the surf (p < 0.001) and in the windsurf groups (p = 0.007). In the kitesurf group a greater prevalence of pain was observed in spine and lower limbs compared to upper limbs (p = 0.017). Low back pain is the most represented among the spine pain subgroups (p < 0.001). Pain was lower in younger athletes (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Understanding risk factors and biomechanics of musculoskeletal pain is essential to realize prevention training strategies. Rehabilitation in sinergy with specific training allows pain-free activity, optimizing its overall health benefits.
Keywords: Surf, water board sports, epidemiology, injury