Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Volume 30, issue 6
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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation is a journal whose main focus is to present relevant information about the interdisciplinary approach to musculoskeletal rehabilitation for clinicians who treat patients with back and musculoskeletal pain complaints. It will provide readers with both 1) a general fund of knowledge on the assessment and management of specific problems and 2) new information considered to be state-of-the-art in the field. The intended audience is multidisciplinary as well as multi-specialty.
In each issue clinicians can find information which they can use in their patient setting the very next day. Manuscripts are provided from a range of health care providers including those in physical medicine, orthopedic surgery, rheumatology, neurosurgery, physical therapy, radiology, osteopathy, chiropractic and nursing on topics ranging from chronic pain to sports medicine. Diagnostic decision trees and treatment algorithms are encouraged in each manuscript. Controversial topics are discussed in commentaries and rebuttals. Associated areas such as medical-legal, worker's compensation and practice guidelines are included.
The journal publishes original research papers, review articles, programme descriptions and cast studies. Letters to the editors, commentaries, and editorials are also welcomed. Manuscripts are peer reviewed. Constructive critiques are given to each author. Suggestions for thematic issues and proposed manuscripts are welcomed.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of foot pronation on the postural stability through measuring the dynamic balance including overall stability index (OAI), anteroposterior stability index (APSI) and mediolateral stability index (MLSI). METHODS: Forty participants from both sexes were selected from the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, with a mean age of 23.55 ± 1.74 years. Subjects were divided into two groups: group A (8 males and 12 females) with foot pronation, and group B (9 males and 11 females) with normal feet. The Navicular Drop Test (NDT) was used to determine if…the feet were pronated and Biodex Balance System was used to assess dynamic balance at level 8 and level 4 for both groups. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in dynamic balance, including OAI, APSI and MLSI at stability level 8 (p > 0.05) but, there was a significant difference at stability level 4 (p < 0.05) between the two groups with lower stability in group A. CONCLUSION: Foot pronation affects the postural stability at stability level four and not affects stability level eight compared with those in the control group.
Keywords: Flat feet, foot pronation, dynamic balance, biodex balance system
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome particularly impairs quality of life in young, physically active subjects. The exact etiology remains unknown, and so this syndrome is a challenging condition to treat. Some patients continue to experience pain and dysfunction after receiving one or more guidelines-compliant conservative treatments. Reducing the likelihood of patellofemoral pain syndrome is an important way of preventing the onset of debilitating anterior knee pain at all ages of life. CASE: A 24-year-old sportswoman with a 15-month history of anterior knee pain and failure of previous guidelines-compliant treatments. We treated this patient with techniques derived…from the paradigm of inductive physiotherapy, in which tone disorders with a central origin may contribute to musculoskeletal disorders. One distinctive feature of inductive physiotherapy relates to the fact that the painful area is not manipulated directly. RESULTS: The effects of physiotherapy were evaluated after ten weekly sessions and then 15 months later. The changes in the visual analogue pain scale score and the Knee Lequesne Index were clinically significant. We also observed an unexpected reduction in the static varus misalignment. CONCLUSION: This case could pave the way to an innovative neurological approach to the management of patellofemoral pain syndrome in the young adult.