Authors: Gençoğlu, Cebrail | Şen, İlhan
BACKGROUND: The inability of athletes to train or the decrease in the intensity and frequency of training may cause athletes to lose performance. Particularly in view of the current COVID-19 pandemic, maintaining strength outside the normal framework provides an advantage to athletes for the next competitions. OBJECTIVE: To compare the CrossFit Barbara which can be applied easily at home during the off-season or some situations such as the epidemic limitation to classic resistance training methods used to maintain the strength performance of national kickboxers. METHODS: Forty-three national kickboxers, CrossFit (CF, n =
…22), and resistance training (RT, n = 21), participated in this study. While CF performed 20 pull-ups, 30 push-ups, 40 sit-ups, and 50 squat exercises, RT performed bench press, lat pull down, leg press, biceps curl, and triceps extension exercises twice per week for six weeks. Before and after the six weeks, the following variables were measured; body mass (BM) and body fat percentage (FP), VO 2max , bench press (BP), squat (SQ), leg strength (LS), hand grip strength (HGS), pull-up, push-up and counter movement jump (CMJ). RESULTS: BP (p < 0.001, F = 41.125, η p 2 = 0.501), SQ (p < 0.001, F = 26.604, η p 2 = 0.394), LS (p < 0.001, F = 15.234, η p 2 = 0.271), push-up (p < 0.001, F = 31.978, η p 2 = 0.438) and pull-up (p < 0.001, F = 24.410, η p 2 = 0.373) values changed significantly in group-time interaction between CF and RT groups, while there was no significant difference for the BM (p = 0.198, F = 1.715, η p 2 = 0.040), Fat (p = 0.265, F = 1.279, η p 2 = 0.030), HGS (p = 0.665, F = 0.190, η p 2 = 0.005, CMJ (p = 0.054, F = 3.946, η p 2 = 0.088) and VO 2max (p = 0.747, F = 0.106, η p 2 = 0.003). Furthermore, according to the before and after study values, BP, SQ, LS, and CMJ decreased significantly (p < 0.05) while BM, FP, HGS, VO 2max , pull-up and push-up variables did not in the CF (p > 0.05). In the RT, the pull-up and push-up variables decreased significantly (p < 0.05) while there was no significant difference for BP, SQ, LS, HGS, VO 2max , body mass, body fat percentage and CMJ (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: CF Barbara workout was more effective in maintaining strength endurance performances, and RT in maintaining maximum strength performances. According to the individual performance needs of athletes, reasonable training method can be used to prevent performance decrement in the strength domain.
Keywords: Combat sports, exercise, functional training, loss of performance, power
Citation: Isokinetics and Exercise Science,
vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 319-326, 2021
Price: EUR 27.50