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Biorheology is an international interdisciplinary journal that publishes research on the deformation and flow properties of biological systems or materials. It is the aim of the editors and publishers of
Biorheology to bring together contributions from those working in various fields of biorheological research from all over the world. A diverse editorial board with broad international representation provides guidance and expertise in wide-ranging applications of rheological methods to biological systems and materials.
The aim of biorheological research is to determine and characterize the dynamics of physiological processes at all levels of organization. Manuscripts should report original theoretical and/or experimental research promoting the scientific and technological advances in a broad field that ranges from the rheology of macromolecules and macromolecular arrays to cell, tissue and organ rheology. In all these areas, the interrelationships of rheological properties of the systems or materials investigated and their structural and functional aspects are stressed.
The scope of papers solicited by
Biorheology extends to systems at different levels of organization that have never been studied before, or, if studied previously, have either never been analyzed in terms of their rheological properties or have not been studied from the point of view of the rheological matching between their structural and functional properties. This biorheological approach applies in particular to molecular studies where changes of physical properties and conformation are investigated without reference to how the process actually takes place, how the forces generated are matched to the properties of the structures and environment concerned, proper time scales, or what structures or strength of structures are required.
Biorheology invites papers in which such 'molecular biorheological' aspects, whether in animal or plant systems, are examined and discussed. While we emphasize the biorheology of physiological function in organs and systems, the biorheology of disease is of equal interest. Biorheological analyses of pathological processes and their clinical implications are encouraged, including basic clinical research on hemodynamics and hemorheology.
In keeping with the rapidly developing fields of mechanobiology and regenerative medicine,
Biorheology aims to include studies of the rheological aspects of these fields by focusing on the dynamics of mechanical stress formation and the response of biological materials at the molecular and cellular level resulting from fluid-solid interactions. With increasing focus on new applications of nanotechnology to biological systems, rheological studies of the behavior of biological materials in therapeutic or diagnostic medical devices operating at the micro and nano scales are most welcome.
Abstract: The transport of mucus gel simulant (MGS) in a constricted simulated cough machine, using blood plasma as a serous layer simulant (SLS), was investigated. MGS was prepared from locust bean gum solutions crosslinked with varying amounts of added borate to produce gels of varying spinnability (filance). The model trachea was a plexiglass channel of rectangular cross-section with the plane bottom surface. The upper surface included a sinusoidal protrusion which provided a flow convergence with minimum gaps of 6, 4 and 2 mm. Experiments for mucus transport were conducted for these minimum gaps, as well as for the non-convergent case (12…mm gap). Miniaturization of sample quantity was achieved by keeping the MGS layer depth constant (0.5 or 1 mm) but reducing the zone of loading from 13.4 cm to 1 cm, thus reducing the sample requirement to as little as 0.2 ml. MGS transport was determined as the minimum displacement of a line of marker dye placed in the MGS layer at the point of minimum constriction gap. It was shown that in all cases (dry as well as with SLS), MGS transport increased as the minimum constriction gap between the plane and the convergent top surface decreased. This increase was further enhanced if an SLS of lesser viscosity was used. It was also found that the transport of MGS increased as the depth of MGS layer increased or as the filance decreased in both non-constricted and constricted cases. The relationship between MGS transport and filance was maintained even in the presence of an SLS layer.
Keywords: mucus, serous fluid simulant, model airway, cough, mucus transport
vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 977-988, 1989
Abstract: Filtrability of a suspension of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was examined in a Nuclepore membrane filtration system utilizing a gradually reduced pressure difference with or without an additional negative pressure. The filtration process was continuously recorded using a TV-video system for data analysis. The PMN content in the filtrate was directly measured. The pressure-flow relation was analyzed in terms of the relative resistance of the PMN suspension to that of the suspending medium. The relative resistance of the PMN suspension increased with an increase in the filtered volume until it approached infinity at the level of low pressure difference (2.8 -…0 cmH2 O). The remarkable increase in flow resistance was closely associated with the plugging of PMNs in the membrane pores. At high pressure differences (12.8 - 10 cmH2 O, 7.8 - 5 cmH2 O), the relative resistance increased up to finite values, as the filtered volume increased. The variation in the relative resistance was greatly dependent upon the pressure difference or the flow condition. The amount of filtered cell fraction increased with an increase of additional pressure, indicating that the relative resistance was changed according to the rate of PMN plugging and dislodging in the pores of the membrane.
Abstract: A phenomenological theory is formulated in analogy to the theory of population dynamics to account for the observed erythrocyte sedimentation–time and velocity–time curves. The least square fitting of experimental data to the derived equations is quite satisfactory. Several parameters in the proposed equations can be used to characterize these two curves of erythrocyte sedimentation: the biotic potential or intrinsic rate of decrease of the lacuna population, r; the total distance settled by the interface between plasma and red cell column, K·Δh; the maximal settling velocity of the interface, V max ; the time when V max occurs, tmv ;…and the final position of the interface, Hf .
Keywords: Biotic potential, Blood sedimentation, ESR, Lacuna, Population dynamics
vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1003-1010, 1989
Abstract: Blood flow is analysed by means of computer simulation in an idealized arterial bifurcation model which is pathologically altered by a saccular aneurysm. The theoretical study of the flow pattern and the paths of fluid particles is carried out under pulsatile Newtonian and non-Newtonian flow conditions. The governing equations are solved numerically with the use of the finite element method. The results show the disturbed blood flow in the bifurcation and the relatively low intra-aneurysmal flow circulation. In addition to the study of basic flow patterns in the segment, a comparison of non-Newtonian and Newtonian results is carried out. This…comparison proves that for the considered large artery model under physiological flow conditions where the yield number is relatively low there is no essential difference in the results.
Abstract: A rapid freezing method was developed to study the distributions of fluorescent platelet-sized particles in flows of blood suspensions through thin-walled capillary tubes. Segments of frozen tubes were mounted in a refrigerated microtome on the stage of an epifluorescence microscope. Sections of tube were cut away, images of newly exposed cross-sections were recorded on video tape, and distances of the particles from the wall were measured from recorded images. The distance data were used to construct histograms that were proportional to the local concentration. Results indicated that this method is suitable for the study of the distribution of platelet-sized particles…over a wide range of hematocrit, that the basic profile is reproducible to within 15%, and that the non-uniform profile is not a result of events at the tube entrance.
Keywords: Erythrocytes, Platelets, Rheology, Biological Transport
vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 1031-1040, 1989