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Biorheology is an international interdisciplinary journal that publishes research on the deformation and flow properties of biological systems or materials. It is the aim of the editors and publishers of
Biorheology to bring together contributions from those working in various fields of biorheological research from all over the world. A diverse editorial board with broad international representation provides guidance and expertise in wide-ranging applications of rheological methods to biological systems and materials.
The aim of biorheological research is to determine and characterize the dynamics of physiological processes at all levels of organization. Manuscripts should report original theoretical and/or experimental research promoting the scientific and technological advances in a broad field that ranges from the rheology of macromolecules and macromolecular arrays to cell, tissue and organ rheology. In all these areas, the interrelationships of rheological properties of the systems or materials investigated and their structural and functional aspects are stressed.
The scope of papers solicited by
Biorheology extends to systems at different levels of organization that have never been studied before, or, if studied previously, have either never been analyzed in terms of their rheological properties or have not been studied from the point of view of the rheological matching between their structural and functional properties. This biorheological approach applies in particular to molecular studies where changes of physical properties and conformation are investigated without reference to how the process actually takes place, how the forces generated are matched to the properties of the structures and environment concerned, proper time scales, or what structures or strength of structures are required.
Biorheology invites papers in which such 'molecular biorheological' aspects, whether in animal or plant systems, are examined and discussed. While we emphasize the biorheology of physiological function in organs and systems, the biorheology of disease is of equal interest. Biorheological analyses of pathological processes and their clinical implications are encouraged, including basic clinical research on hemodynamics and hemorheology.
In keeping with the rapidly developing fields of mechanobiology and regenerative medicine,
Biorheology aims to include studies of the rheological aspects of these fields by focusing on the dynamics of mechanical stress formation and the response of biological materials at the molecular and cellular level resulting from fluid-solid interactions. With increasing focus on new applications of nanotechnology to biological systems, rheological studies of the behavior of biological materials in therapeutic or diagnostic medical devices operating at the micro and nano scales are most welcome.
Abstract: The rheological properties of whole human blood exhibit thixotropic behavior at low shear rates up to about ten reciprocal seconds (1). The accepted cause of this shear rate-dependent and time-dependent behavior is the progressive breakdown of rouleaux into individual red cells. Huang developed a rheological equation which incorporates the kinetics of rouleau breakdown in his models (2). This five-parameter equation was used successfully to represent the hysteresis loop and the torque-decay curve of whole human blood. Numerical values of these five thixotropic parameters, which characterize the rheological behavior of the blood from apparently healthy human subjects, were established (3). In…this communication, we examine the effect of hematocrit on each of the above mentioned parameters. The results show that the following parameters will increase their values with an increase in hematocrit: the yield stress, Newtonian contribution of viscosity, non-Newtonian contribution of viscosity, apparent viscosity and the equilibrium value of the structural parameter which indicates the relative amount of rouleaux in blood. Mathematical equations were developed to give the relationship between parameters and hematocrit. Two other thixotropic parameters, viz. the kinetic rate constant of rouleaux breakdown into individual red cells and the order of the breakdown reaction, were found to be independent of the hematocrit. It is consistent with reaction kinetic theory that the rate constant and the order of reaction are independent of the concentration of reactants.