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Constraint-induced movement therapy for motor recovery after stroke


A new therapeutic approach to rehabilitation of movement after stroke, termed Constraint-Induced (CI) Movement Therapy, has been derived from basic research with monkeys given somatosensory deafferentation. CI consists of a family of therapies; their common element is that they induce stroke patients to greatly increase the use of a more affected upper extremity for many hours a day over a 10–14 consecutive-day period. These therapies have significantly improved quality of movement and substantially increased amount of use of a more affected extremity in the activities of daily living in the life situation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the protocol used by the investigative team that developed the family of CI therapies and examined them as an effective rehabilitation approach.