Affiliations: Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY
Abstract: The increasing size of the elderly population, and high estimates of cognitive impairment in this population, have focused interest on remediation of cognitive decline in older persons. Cognitive loss can be due to disease processes such as Alzheimer’s disease and multiinfarct dementia. Studies are reviewed which suggest that remediation can have an impact on demented patients. For persons who show normative cognitive decline with aging, a considerable body of research also indicates that cognitive function can be optimized. Recommendations are made for maximizing the impact of training in both demented and normal persons.