The aim of our study was to detect the factors which might affect the recovery of the patients with Acute Non-Specific Low Back Pain [ANSLBP] according to their Body Mass Index [BMI], and to determine the effects of these factors on disability and the perceived functional level with quality of life.
A retrospective study.
Ninety-three patients were included in the study, and separated as three groups according to BMI [normal weight group, Grade1 obesity group, Grade 2 obesity group].
Acute Low Back Pain Screening Questionnaire [ALBPSQ] and SF-36 Physical Functioning Scale [PFS] were used in the evaluation of the patients.
The ALBPSQ and SF-36 PFS results of our patients in all three groups before and after the treatment were found to be significant in the direction of positive scores [p < 0.05]. When the SF-36 PFS scores and the total scores of ALBPSQ were compared among the groups according to the increase of the obesity, there existed a significant difference [p < 0.05]. Between the ALBPSQ and SF-36 PFS scores, in the three groups correlation was determined in the negative direction.
With the treatment applied to our patients, pain and disability with the quality of life showed positive differences, but the results were observed to be affected unfavorably through the increase of obesity based on the functional status and decrease in the quality of life.