Effect of AOB, a fermented-grain food supplement, on oxidative stress in type 2 diabetic rats
Article type: Research Article
Authors: Minamiyama, Yukiko; | Takemura, Shigekazu | Tsukioka, Takuma | Shinkawa, Hiroji | Kobayashi, Fumiko | Nishikawa, Yuriko | Kodai, Shintaro | Mizuguchi, Shinjiro | Suehiro, Shigefumi | Okada, Shigeru
Affiliations: Department of Anti-Aging Food Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan | Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan | Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan
Note:  Address for correspondence: Yukiko Minamiyama, PhD, Department of Anti-Aging Food Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University, Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. Tel.: +81 86 235 7491; Fax: +81 86 235 7492; E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Antioxidant Biofactor (AOB) is a mixture of commercially available fermented grain foods and has strong antioxidant activity. This study investigated the effect of AOB supplementation of standard rat food on markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats with type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, plasma free fatty acid, triacylglycerol and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were significantly higher in OLETF rats than in non-diabetic control Long--Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats at 29 weeks. AOB (6.5% of diet) was given to rats during 29–33 weeks of diabetic phase in OLETF rats. OLETF rats with AOB supplementation showed decreased blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, triacylgycerol, low density lipoprotein, cholesterol and PAI-1. Mitochondrial ROS production was significantly increased in heart, aorta, liver and renal artery of OLETF rats. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is known to regulate ROS production. We found aortic UCP2 protein expression increased in OLETF rats, and AOB returned UCP2 expression to normal. Aortic endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) was also increased in OLETF rats more than in LETO rats at 33 weeks. In contrast, phosphorylated vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, an index of the NO-cGMP pathway, was significantly diminished. AOB increased eNOS proteins in LETO and OLETF rats. In conclusion, AOB significantly improved the NO-cGMP pathway via normalizing ROS generation in OLETF rats. The data suggest that dietary supplementation with AOB contributes to nutritional strategies for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: diabetes, fermented grain food, GLUT4, NO-cGMP, OLETF rats
Journal: BioFactors, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 91-104, 2007