Affiliations: [a] Dipartimento di Scienze Pure e Applicate (DiSPeA), Università di Urbino, Urbino, Italy
| [b] Dipartimento di Informatica–Scienza e Ingegneria (DISI), Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Corresponding author: Federico Sabbatini, Dipartimento di Scienze Pure e Applicate (DiSPeA), Università di Urbino, Urbino, Italy. E-mail: [email protected].
Abstract: The XAI community is currently studying and developing symbolic knowledge-extraction (SKE) algorithms as a means to produce human-intelligible explanations for black-box machine learning predictors, so as to achieve believability in human-machine interaction. However, many extraction procedures exist in the literature, and choosing the most adequate one is increasingly cumbersome, as novel methods keep on emerging. Challenges arise from the fact that SKE algorithms are commonly defined based on theoretical assumptions that typically hinder practical applicability. This paper focuses on hypercube-based SKE methods, a quite general class of extraction techniques mostly devoted to regression-specific tasks. We first show that hypercube-based methods are flexible enough to support classification problems as well, then we propose a general model for them, and discuss how they support SKE on datasets, predictors, or learning tasks of any sort. Empirical examples are reported as well –based upon the PSyKE framework –, showing the applicability of hypercube-based methods to actual classification tasks.